How to format your references using the Traumatology: An International Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Traumatology: An International Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Staunton, H. (2008). Arousal by stimulation of deep-brain nuclei. Nature, 452(7183), E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shibasaki, M., & Masataka, N. (2014). The color red distorts time perception for men, but not for women. Scientific Reports, 4, 5899.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bi, X., Corpina, R. A., & Goldberg, J. (2002). Structure of the Sec23/24-Sar1 pre-budding complex of the COPII vesicle coat. Nature, 419(6904), 271–277.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Siegel, J. B., Zanghellini, A., Lovick, H. M., Kiss, G., Lambert, A. R., St Clair, J. L., Gallaher, J. L., Hilvert, D., Gelb, M. H., Stoddard, B. L., Houk, K. N., Michael, F. E., & Baker, D. (2010). Computational design of an enzyme catalyst for a stereoselective bimolecular Diels-Alder reaction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5989), 309–313.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexandridis, A. K., & Zapranis, A. D. (2014). Wavelet Neural Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Karmakar, S. (2016). Induction Motor Fault Diagnosis: Approach through Current Signature Analysis (S. Chattopadhyay, M. Mitra, & S. Sengupta, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dillon, M. E. (2014). Adolescent Pregnancy and Mental Health. In A. L. Cherry & M. E. Dillon (Eds.), International Handbook of Adolescent Pregnancy: Medical, Psychosocial, and Public Health Responses (pp. 79–102). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Traumatology: An International Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 20). Cracked It! A 30-Year Cold Case Involving An Egg And The Mysterious Night Parrot. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Bilingual Education: Research and Evaluation Contracts (HRD-87-64). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whittle, C. M. (2009). The genomic distribution and function of NFI and histone variant H2A.Z during Caenorhabditis elegans development [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, July 7). Serious Knee Injury Fells Mattek-Sands. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Staunton, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Shibasaki & Masataka, 2014; Staunton, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shibasaki & Masataka, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bi et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Siegel et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleTraumatology: An International Journal
AbbreviationTraumatology (Tallahass. Fla.)
ISSN (online)1085-9373
ScopeEmergency Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Nursing

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