How to format your references using the Traumatology: An International Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Traumatology: An International Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landis, G. A. (2000). Avatars in space. Nature, 403(6772), 833.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerszten, R. E., & Wang, T. J. (2008). The search for new cardiovascular biomarkers. Nature, 451(7181), 949–952.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mojzsis, S. J., Harrison, T. M., & Pidgeon, R. T. (2001). Oxygen-isotope evidence from ancient zircons for liquid water at the Earth’s surface 4,300 Myr ago. Nature, 409(6817), 178–181.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Poffenberger, M. C., Metcalfe-Roach, A., Aguilar, E., Chen, J., Hsu, B. E., Wong, A. H., Johnson, R. M., Flynn, B., Samborska, B., Ma, E. H., Gravel, S.-P., Tonelli, L., Devorkin, L., Kim, P., Hall, A., Izreig, S., Loginicheva, E., Beauchemin, N., Siegel, P. M., … Jones, R. G. (2018). LKB1 deficiency in T cells promotes the development of gastrointestinal polyposis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6400), 406–411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grist, F. (2010). Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bailey, J., Khan, L., Washio, T., Dobbie, G., Huang, J. Z., & Wang, R. (Eds.). (2016). Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 20th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2016, Auckland, New Zealand, April 19-22, 2016, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 9651). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pepi, M., & Tamborini, G. (2012). Three-Dimensional Echocardiography. In A. Sarti & F. L. Lorini (Eds.), Echocardiography for Intensivists (pp. 61–72). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Traumatology: An International Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 17). Scientists Can Learn From Pseudoscience … That’s A Fact. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aviation Safety: Information on FAA’s Age 60 Rule for Pilots (RCED-90-45FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hao, S. (2013). An Introduction to Discrete Minimal Surfaces via the Enneper Surface [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, March 28). Symbols for Satire. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Landis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gerszten & Wang, 2008; Landis, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerszten & Wang, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Mojzsis et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Poffenberger et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleTraumatology: An International Journal
AbbreviationTraumatology (Tallahass. Fla.)
ISSN (online)1085-9373
ScopeEmergency Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Nursing

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