How to format your references using the Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell, C.T., 2004. Physics. The active site in nanoparticle gold catalysis. Science 306, 234–235.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman, M.T., Churchland, A.K., 2013. Cognitive neuroscience: sensory noise drives bad decisions. Nature 496, 172–173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irwin, D.E., Bensch, S., Price, T.D., 2001. Speciation in a ring. Nature 409, 333–337.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dollar, G.L., Weber, U., Mlodzik, M., Sokol, S.Y., 2005. Regulation of Lethal giant larvae by Dishevelled. Nature 437, 1376–1380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, H.E., 2001. Electromagnetic Propagation in Multi-Mode Random Media. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
An edited book
Kato, T. (Ed.), 2008. Liquid Crystalline Functional Assemblies and Their Supramolecular Structures, Structure and Bonding. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vázquez, F.I., Gaceo, S.C., Kastner, W., Morales, J.A.M., 2011. Behavioral Profiles for Building Energy Performance Using eXclusive SOM, in: Iliadis, L., Jayne, C. (Eds.), Engineering Applications of Neural Networks: 12th INNS EANN-SIG International Conference, EANN 2011 and 7th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2011, Corfu, Greece, September 15-18, 2011, Proceedings Part I, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. First Bee May Get US Federal Protection As All Species Continue To Decline [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Information Technology Reform: Progress Made but Future Cloud Computing Efforts Should be Better Planned (No. GAO-12-756). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jiang, W., 2010. Advanced techniques for semantic concept detection in general videos (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2004. Critics See Kremlin’s Hand in Charges Against Ex-K.G.B. Agent. New York Times 127.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell, 2004; Kaufman and Churchland, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaufman and Churchland, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dollar et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience
AbbreviationDev. Cogn. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1878-9293
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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