How to format your references using the Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk, J.B., 2014. Animal behaviour: The evolutionary roots of lethal conflict. Nature 513, 321–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Macdonald, T.T., Monteleone, G., 2005. Immunity, inflammation, and allergy in the gut. Science 307, 1920–1925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watson, E.B., Thomas, J.B., Cherniak, D.J., 2007. 40Ar retention in the terrestrial planets. Nature 449, 299–304.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chiesa, A., Whitehead, G.F.S., Carretta, S., Carthy, L., Timco, G.A., Teat, S.J., Amoretti, G., Pavarini, E., Winpenny, R.E.P., Santini, P., 2014. Molecular nanomagnets with switchable coupling for quantum simulation. Sci. Rep. 4, 7423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lincoln, N.B., Kneebone, I.I., Macniven, J.A.B., Morris, R.C., 2011. Psychological Management of Stroke. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jensen, G.R., 2016. Surfaces in Classical Geometries: A Treatment by Moving Frames, Universitext. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Moiseeva, O., Ferbeyre, G., 2014. Oncogene-Induced Senescence: Role of Mitochondrial Dysfunction, in: Hayat, M.A. (Ed.), Tumor Dormancy, Quiescence, and Senescence, Volume 2: Aging, Cancer, and Noncancer Pathologies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Sex Cells Exist To Protect Mitochondria From Mutation [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts to Address Rural Road Safety Challenges (No. GAO-04-663). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, J.W., 2009. Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Trump Inspires Cottage Book Trade. New York Times C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silk, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Macdonald and Monteleone, 2005; Silk, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Macdonald and Monteleone, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiesa et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience
AbbreviationDev. Cogn. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1878-9293
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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