How to format your references using the Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, J., 2006. The falcon has landed. Introduction to special issue. Science 312, 1327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruxin, J., Habinshuti, A., 2011. Crowd control in Rwanda. Nature 474, 572–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hasnaoui, A., Van Swygenhoven, H., Derlet, P.M., 2003. Dimples on nanocrystalline fracture surfaces as evidence for shear plane formation. Science 300, 1550–1552.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hübner, K., Fuhrmann, G., Christenson, L.K., Kehler, J., Reinbold, R., De La Fuente, R., Wood, J., Strauss, J.F., 3rd, Boiani, M., Schöler, H.R., 2003. Derivation of oocytes from mouse embryonic stem cells. Science 300, 1251–1256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merrills, J., Fisher, J., 2008. Pharmacy Law and Practice. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Maheshwari, D.K. (Ed.), 2014. Bacterial Diversity in Sustainable Agriculture, Sustainable Development and Biodiversity. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hunt, J.E., Croudace, I.W., MacLachlan, S.E., 2015. Use of Calibrated ITRAX XRF Data in Determining Turbidite Geochemistry and Provenance in Agadir Basin, Northwest African Passive Margin, in: Croudace, I.W., Rothwell, R.G. (Eds.), Micro-XRF Studies of Sediment Cores: Applications of a Non-Destructive Tool for the Environmental Sciences, Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 127–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Successfully Insert Woolly Mammoth DNA Into Elephant Genome [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Studies of U.S. Universities’ Research Equipment Needs Inconclusive (No. RCED-84-105). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huber, J.A., 2012. Building an army: A corollary study of group interaction and group productivity (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J.R., 2017. Self-Driving Cars Might Need Standards, but Whose? New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2006; Ruxin and Habinshuti, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruxin and Habinshuti, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hübner et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience
AbbreviationDev. Cogn. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1878-9293
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

Other styles