How to format your references using the Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P., 2012. Martin Fleischmann (1927-2012). Nature 489, 34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yagi, M., Oikawa, S., 2014. Ontogenetic phase shifts in metabolism in a flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Sci. Rep. 4, 7135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sia, G.M., Clem, R.L., Huganir, R.L., 2013. The human language-associated gene SRPX2 regulates synapse formation and vocalization in mice. Science 342, 987–991.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoo, A.S., Staahl, B.T., Chen, L., Crabtree, G.R., 2009. MicroRNA-mediated switching of chromatin-remodelling complexes in neural development. Nature 460, 642–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wartewig, S., 2005. IR and Raman Spectroscopy. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Roberts, P. (Ed.), 2012. From West to East and Back Again: An Educational Reading of Hermann Hesse’s Later Work, Educational Futures Rethinking Theory and Practice. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas, K., Sicam, J., 2008. Preinstallation Steps, in: Sicam, J. (Ed.), Beginning Ubuntu Linux. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 31–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Biotech Company Claims To Have Successfully Used Gene Therapy In Attempt To Reverse Aging [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Financial Problems in the Stafford Student Loan Program (No. T-HRD-90-52). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Julian, A., 2017. Guided Autobiography Themes for Older Adult United States War Veterans (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. TV’s Answer to Dark Days. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2012; Yagi and Oikawa, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yagi and Oikawa, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience
AbbreviationDev. Cogn. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1878-9293
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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