How to format your references using the Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisman, R., 2014. Health care policy. Straining emergency rooms by expanding health insurance. Science 343, 252–253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fukami, T., Morin, P.J., 2003. Productivity-biodiversity relationships depend on the history of community assembly. Nature 424, 423–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lillo, F., Farmer, J.D., Mantegna, R.N., 2003. Econophysics: Master curve for price-impact function. Nature 421, 129–130.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kassen, R., Buckling, A., Bell, G., Rainey, P.B., 2000. Diversity peaks at intermediate productivity in a laboratory microcosm. Nature 406, 508–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zadora, G., Martyna, A., Ramos, D., Aitken, C., 2013. Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Doulamis, A., Mambretti, J., Tomkos, I., Varvarigou, T. (Eds.), 2010. Networks for Grid Applications: Third International ICST Conference, GridNets 2009, Athens, Greece, September 8-9, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Semm, T., Greene, K., 2013. Globalization, Aging, and the Power of the Image, in: Arxer, S.L., Murphy, J.W. (Eds.), The Symbolism of Globalization, Development, and Aging. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 59–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Can Dark Matter Cause Chaos On Earth Every 30 Million Years? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Aviation Security: FAA’s Deployments of Equipment to Detect Traces of Explosives (No. RCED-99-32R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salonga-Moreno, D.R., 2010. Pressure ulcer prevention and management curriculum for home health agencies (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., 2017. ‘I Didn’t Move Here to Avoid Chaos.’ New York Times MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fisman, 2014; Fukami and Morin, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fukami and Morin, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kassen et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience
AbbreviationDev. Cogn. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1878-9293
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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