How to format your references using the International Brazilian Journal Of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Brazilian Journal Of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Del Genio AD: Atmospheric science. The dust settles on water vapor feedback. Science. 2002; 296:665–66.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis A, Tomlinson I: Cancer. The utility of mouse models in post-GWAS research. Science. 2012; 338:1301–02.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petrie RJ, Koo H, Yamada KM: Generation of compartmentalized pressure by a nuclear piston governs cell motility in a 3D matrix. Science. 2014; 345:1062–65.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tang K, Zhang Y, Yu M, Shi X, Coenye T, Bossier P, et al.: Evaluation of a new high-throughput method for identifying quorum quenching bacteria. Sci Rep. 2013; 3:2935.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Landragin F: Man-Machine Dialogue. Hoboken, NJ USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
[No Authors] Creativity and Community among Autism-Spectrum Youth: Creating Positive Social Updrafts through Play and Performance. New York, NY, Palgrave Macmillan US. 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
El-Emam RS, Dincer I: Modeling of Fluidized Bed Gasification of Rice Straw in Egypt. In: Dincer I, Colpan CO, Kizilkan O, Ezan MA, editors. Progress in Clean Energy, Volume 1: Analysis and Modeling, Cham, Springer International Publishing. 2015, pp. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Brazilian Journal Of Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Antidepressants May Not Be As Effective As We Thought, And Shouldn’t Be The Only Treatment For Depression. IFLScience. 2016. Available at.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: First Look at Senior Executive Service Performance Awards/NASA. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office. 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulsifer JE: Learning from the Uighurs: Correcting Inadequate Due Process in Terrorist Financing Sanction Regimes. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M: Clinton Talks to Children, But Addresses Everybody. New York Times. 1993:124.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Brazilian Journal Of Urology
AbbreviationInt. Braz J Urol
ISSN (print)1677-5538
ISSN (online)1677-6119

Other styles