How to format your references using the International Brazilian Journal Of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Brazilian Journal Of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kröger N: Biochemistry. The molecular basis of nacre formation. Science. 2009; 325:1351–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dennell R, Roebroeks W: An Asian perspective on early human dispersal from Africa. Nature. 2005; 438:1099–104.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serganov A, Huang L, Patel DJ: Structural insights into amino acid binding and gene control by a lysine riboswitch. Nature. 2008; 455:1263–67.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li S-J, Hua Z-S, Huang L-N, Li J, Shi S-H, Chen L-X, et al.: Microbial communities evolve faster in extreme environments. Sci Rep. 2014; 4:6205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ersoy OK: Diffraction, Fourier Optics and Imaging. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007.
An edited book
[No Authors] Guide to Psychological Assessment with Asians. New York, NY, Springer. 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Gustafsson B, Teodorescu R, Vasil’ev A: Capacities and Isoperimetric Inequalities. In: Teodorescu R, Vasil’ev A, editors. Classical and Stochastic Laplacian Growth, Cham, Springer International Publishing. 2014, pp. 163–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Brazilian Journal Of Urology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J: NASA’s Upcoming Mars Rocket Completes Critical Design Review. IFLScience. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Medium Range System Components Do Not Fit. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huff HK: Thumb Twiddle Glossolalia: The Soumage. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B: Nielsen, Highlighting Value of Data, Is Buying Gracenote for $560 Million. New York Times. 2016:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Brazilian Journal Of Urology
AbbreviationInt. Braz J Urol
ISSN (print)1677-5538
ISSN (online)1677-6119

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