How to format your references using the International Brazilian Journal Of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Brazilian Journal Of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dauphas N: The U/Th production ratio and the age of the Milky Way from meteorites and Galactic halo stars. Nature. 2005; 435:1203–05.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowley JD, Blumenthal T: Medicine. The cart before the horse. Science. 2008; 321:1302–04.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chien KR, Moretti A, Laugwitz K-L: Development. ES cells to the rescue. Science. 2004; 306:239–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Suzuki Y, Nakano Y, Mishiro K, Takagi T, Tsuruma K, Nakamura M, et al.: Involvement of Mincle and Syk in the changes to innate immunity after ischemic stroke. Sci Rep. 2013; 3:3177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merrills J, Fisher J: Pharmacy Law and Practice. Oxford, UK, Blackwell Science Ltd. 2008.
An edited book
[No Authors] Beyond the Second Law: Entropy Production and Non-equilibrium Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer. 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rasmussen K, Birk T: Climate Change, Tipping Elements and Security. In: Fernando HJS, Klaić Z, McCulley JL, editors. National Security and Human Health Implications of Climate Change, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands. 2012, pp. 39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Brazilian Journal Of Urology.

Blog post
Hamilton K: Girls May Perform Better At School Than Boys – But Their Experience Is Much Less Happy. IFLScience. 2016. Available at.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Intercollegiate Athletics: Comparison of Selected Characteristics for Men’s and Women’s Programs. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graber ME: Best practices in enhancement deals: Nonprofit and for profit theatrical collaborations. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kantor J, Abrams R, Haberman M: A First Daughter Assembling a Vast Portfolio. New York Times. 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Brazilian Journal Of Urology
AbbreviationInt. Braz J Urol
ISSN (print)1677-5538
ISSN (online)1677-6119

Other styles