How to format your references using the Transportation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guo Q (2005) Plant communities: ecosystem maturity and performance. Nature 435(7045):E6; discussion E6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoorn C, Flantua S (2015) Geology. An early start for the Panama land bridge. Science 348(6231):186–187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daw R, Finkelstein J, Helmer M (2012) Chemistry and energy. Nature 488(7411):293.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mota LJ, Journet L, Sorg I, Agrain C, Cornelis GR (2005) Bacterial injectisomes: needle length does matter. Science 307(5713):1278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tibergien M, Pomering R (2011) Practice Made (More) Perfect (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Prassler E, Lawitzky G, Stopp A, Grunwald G, Hägele M, Dillmann R, Iossifidis I eds. (2005) Advances in Human-Robot Interaction (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Hall M, Chame J, Chen C, Shin J, Rudy G, Khan MM (2010) Loop Transformation Recipes for Code Generation and Auto-Tuning. Gao GR, Pollock LL, Cavazos J, Li X, eds. Languages and Compilers for Parallel Computing: 22nd International Workshop, LCPC 2009, Newark, DE, USA, October 8-10, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 50–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Science.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) 10,000 Years of Bones Reveal How Climate Affected Bunny Booms in the Past. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Information and Technology Management: Responsibilities, Reporting Relationships, Tenure, and Challenges of Agency Chief Information Officers (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meng W (2014) Synthesis and design of microwave wideband filters and components. Doctoral dissertation. (University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2008) Honor a Literary Giant, But Be Careful Where. New York Times (September 26).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Guo 2005, Hoorn and Flantua 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoorn and Flantua 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mota et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Science
ISSN (print)0041-1655
ISSN (online)1526-5447

Other styles