How to format your references using the Transportation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bartram J (2008) Improving on haves and have-nots. Nature 452(7185):283–284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tuthill PG, Lloyd JP (2007) A symmetric bipolar nebula around MWC 922. Science 316(5822):247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grieco F, van Noordwijk AJ, Visser ME (2002) Evidence for the effect of learning on timing of reproduction in blue tits. Science 296(5565):136–138.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tang YJ, Zhang HF, Deloule E, Su BX, Ying JF, Santosh M, Xiao Y (2014) Abnormal lithium isotope composition from the ancient lithospheric mantle beneath the North China Craton. Sci. Rep. 4:4274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly VA (2015) ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know (American Counseling Association, Alexandria, USA).
An edited book
Patrick PG (2013) Zoo Talk Dale Tunnicliffe S, ed. (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht).
A chapter in an edited book
Ruuge AE, Van Oystaeyen F (2009) Automorphisms of Finite Orthoalgebras, Exceptional Root Systems and Quantum Mechanics. Silvestrov S, Paal E, Abramov V, Stolin A, eds. Generalized Lie Theory in Mathematics, Physics and Beyond. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 39–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Science.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Renewable Energy Accounted For Over Half Of All Global Power Capacity For First Time. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: National Credit Union Administration’s Efforts to Ensure Credit Union Systems Are Year 2000 Compliant (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah SK (2017) Data Transmission Using Image Steganography in Quick Response (QR) Code. Doctoral dissertation. (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY J (2017) New York State to Cover Tuition in Cuomo Plan. New York Times (January 3).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bartram 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bartram 2008, Tuthill and Lloyd 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tuthill and Lloyd 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Science
ISSN (print)0041-1655
ISSN (online)1526-5447

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