How to format your references using the Transportation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D (2013) Science must be seen to bridge the political divide. Nature 493(7430):7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunham LR, Hayden MR (2012) Medicine. Whole-genome sequencing: the new standard of care? Science 336(6085):1112–1113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hathaway DH, Upton L, Colegrove O (2013) Giant convection cells found on the Sun. Science 342(6163):1217–1219.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Paillaud JL, Harbuzaru B, Patarin J, Bats N (2004) Extra-large-pore zeolites with two-dimensional channels formed by 14 and 12 rings. Science 304(5673):990–992.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazimierczuk M (2013) High-Frequency Magnetic Components (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK).
An edited book
Lumley JSP, Hoballah JJ eds. (2009) Vascular Surgery (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Deakin M, Campbell F, Reid A, Orsinger J (2014) Buildings. Campbell F, Reid A, Orsinger J, eds. The Mass Retrofitting of an Energy Efficient—Low Carbon Zone. SpringerBriefs in Energy. (Springer, London), 39–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Space Geckos May Be Safe After All As Russia Regains Control Of Sex Satellite. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Status of Information Needed to Complete Financial Audit of the District of Columbia’s Dedicated Highway Fund for Fiscal Year 1996 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghadimian V (2017) Renewable Energy Marketplace. Doctoral dissertation. (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey M (2014) Michigan Governor Asks State Lawmakers to Provide $350 Million for Detroit. New York Times (January 23).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brunham and Hayden 2012, Sarewitz 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunham and Hayden 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Paillaud et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Science
ISSN (print)0041-1655
ISSN (online)1526-5447

Other styles