How to format your references using the Transportation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atreya S (2007) Planetary science. Titan’s organic factory. Science 316(5826):843–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brittain SD, Rettig TW (2002) CO and H(3)(+) in the protoplanetary disk around the star HD141569. Nature 418(6893):57–59.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu X, Zheng X, You H (2010) Exceptional dinosaur fossils show ontogenetic development of early feathers. Nature 464(7293):1338–1341.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hirschey MD, Shimazu T, Goetzman E, Jing E, Schwer B, Lombard DB, Grueter CA, et al. (2010) SIRT3 regulates mitochondrial fatty-acid oxidation by reversible enzyme deacetylation. Nature 464(7285):121–125.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halbich IW (1993) Cape Fold Belt‐Agulhas Bank Transect Across Gondwana Suture, Southern Africa (American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.).
An edited book
Cai Y ed. (2011) Computing with Instinct: Rediscovering Artificial Intelligence (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Alaniz J (2016) Standing Orders: Oracle, Disability, and Retconning. Foss C, Gray JW, Whalen Z, eds. Disability in Comic Books and Graphic Narratives. (Palgrave Macmillan UK, London), 59–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Science.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Astronomers Witness Cosmic Fender Bender In The Asteroid Belt. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), https://www.iflscience.com/space/asteroid-impact-snapped-astronomers/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Alternative Jet Fuels: Federal Activities Support Development and Usage, but Long-term Commercial Viability Hinges on Market Factors (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilday D (2014) Soulmaking within the destructive side of God seeing through monotheism’s holy warrior 9/11 to prehistory. Doctoral dissertation. (Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gates A (2017) A Showman, His Stage Life and His Unhappy End. New York Times (February 7).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hormoz 2013, Scott 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brittain and Rettig 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Caudy et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Science
ISSN (print)0041-1655
ISSN (online)1526-5447
ScopeTransportation

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