How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2003. Singapore: filling biopolis. Nature 425, 746–747.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, S.G., Berthelot-Grosjean, M., 2009. Polar gradients of the DYRK-family kinase Pom1 couple cell length with the cell cycle. Nature 459, 852–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryu, W.S., Berry, R.M., Berg, H.C., 2000. Torque-generating units of the flagellar motor of Escherichia coli have a high duty ratio. Nature 403, 444–447.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tanaka, M., Chien, P., Naber, N., Cooke, R., Weissman, J.S., 2004. Conformational variations in an infectious protein determine prion strain differences. Nature 428, 323–328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gupta, K.M., Gupta, N., 2015. Advanced Electrical and Electronics Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Drioli, E., Giorno, L. (Eds.), 2016. Encyclopedia of Membranes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, X., Tian, N., 2009. Performance Analysis of an M/M/1 Working Vacation Queue with Setup Times, in: Yue, W., Takahashi, Y., Takagi, H. (Eds.), Advances in Queueing Theory and Network Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part D.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. The US Government Is Preparing To Approve A Private Mission To The Moon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Trends in Federal and State Capital Investment in Highways (No. GAO-03-744R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson-Scott, D., 2010. Policy analysis of the Chafee Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2016. Kerber Loses Final and Bid for No. 1 Spot. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Martin and Berthelot-Grosjean, 2009; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Berthelot-Grosjean, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanaka et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part D
AbbreviationTransp. Res. D Transp. Environ.
ISSN (print)1361-9209
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

Other styles