How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Regalbuto, J.R., 2009. Engineering. Cellulosic biofuels--got gasoline? Science 325, 822–824.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishida, H., Sawada, K., 2001. macho-1 encodes a localized mRNA in ascidian eggs that specifies muscle fate during embryogenesis. Nature 409, 724–729.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Den Brink, G.R., de Santa Barbara, P., Roberts, D.J., 2001. Development. Epithelial cell differentiation--a Mather of choice. Science 294, 2115–2116.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogawa, S., Imada, M., Yoshimoto, S., Okano, M., Noda, S., 2004. Control of light emission by 3D photonic crystals. Science 305, 227–229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janke, S.J., Tinsley, F.C., 2005. Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Deven, T.V., 2010. The Practice of Radiology Education: Challenges and Trends. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou, Y., Qin, Y., 2012. Income Inequality of China’s Total Resident and the Factors Which Impact It, in: Qin, Y. (Ed.), Empirical Analysis on Income Inequality of Chinese Residents, Gu Shutang Academic Fund of Economics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 125–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part D.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Study Sheds Light On How Cannabis Antitumor Properties Work [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Safe Routes to School: Progress in Implementing the Program, but a Comprehensive Plan to Evaluate Program Outcomes Is Needed (No. GAO-08-789). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, S.M., 2008. Content Assessment in Intelligent Computer-Aided Language Learning: Meaning Error Diagnosis for English as a Second Language (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1993. Political Memo; Re-examining the Fine Print On Clinton’s Tax Promises. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Regalbuto, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Nishida and Sawada, 2001; Regalbuto, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishida and Sawada, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogawa et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part D
AbbreviationTransp. Res. D Transp. Environ.
ISSN (print)1361-9209
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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