How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton, J., 2010. Chagas disease: pushing through the pipeline. Nature 465, S12-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayden, M.R., Ling, V., 2000. Michael Smith (1932-2000). Nature 408, 786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aurelio, O., Hall, D.H., Hobert, O., 2002. Immunoglobulin-domain proteins required for maintenance of ventral nerve cord organization. Science 295, 686–690.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, J.J., Zhou, J., Shiu, W., Liu, K., 2003. State-specific correlation of coincident product pairs in the F + CD4 reaction. Science 300, 966–969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahamed, S.V., 2006. Intelligent Internet Knowledge Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cheli, F., 2015. Advanced Dynamics of Mechanical Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Solonnikov, V., 2008. On Problem of Stability of Equilibrium Figures of Uniformly Rotating Viscous Incompressible Liquid, in: Bardos, C., Fursikov, A. (Eds.), Instability in Models Connected with Fluid Flows II, International Mathematical Series. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 189–254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part D.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. GOP Lawmaker: Mexican Marijuana Hides Secret Nukes Being Smuggled Into US [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Selection, Negotiation, and Award of Certain Contracts, NASA (No. 092718). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Metcalfe, A.C., 2017. Using Evolution as a Context for Teaching the Nature of Science to Diverse Student Populations: A High School Unit of Curriculum (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2001. Viktor Astafyev, Who Wrote of Rural Russia, Dies at 77. New York Times F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clayton, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Clayton, 2010; Hayden and Ling, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hayden and Ling, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part D
AbbreviationTransp. Res. D Transp. Environ.
ISSN (print)1361-9209
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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