How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell, C.T., 2001. Surface science. Catalysts under pressure. Science 294, 1471–1472.
A journal article with 2 authors
Padilla, A., Gibson, I., 2000. Science moves to centre stage. Nature 403, 357–359.
A journal article with 3 authors
Planutis, K., Planutiene, M., Holcombe, R.F., 2014. A novel signaling pathway regulates colon cancer angiogenesis through Norrin. Sci. Rep. 4, 5630.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nóbrega, M.A., Zhu, Y., Plajzer-Frick, I., Afzal, V., Rubin, E.M., 2004. Megabase deletions of gene deserts result in viable mice. Nature 431, 988–993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayoun, B.A., 2015. Mindfulness-integrated CBT for Well-being and Personal Growth. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fichera, A., Krane, M.K. (Eds.), 2015. Crohn’s Disease: Basic Principles. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ebeling, W., Gusein-Zade, S.M., 2006. Indices of Vector Fields and 1-Forms on Singular Varieties, in: Catanese, F., Esnault, H., Huckleberry, A.T., Hulek, K., Peternell, T. (Eds.), Global Aspects of Complex Geometry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 129–169.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part D.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Preserving The Dead: Weird And Grisly Practices From Around The World [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Tax Systems Modernization: Comments on IRS’ Fiscal Year 1994 Budget Request (No. T-IMTEC-93-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, E.P., 2014. Curriculum development for nursing assistants: Pressure ulcer prevention module (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell, 2001; Padilla and Gibson, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Padilla and Gibson, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Nóbrega et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part D
AbbreviationTransp. Res. D Transp. Environ.
ISSN (print)1361-9209
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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