How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnard, A.S., 2015. Materials science: nanoscale locomotion without fuel. Nature 519, 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Iwasaki, A., Medzhitov, R., 2010. Regulation of adaptive immunity by the innate immune system. Science 327, 291–295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cabanes, C., Cazenave, A., Le Provost, C., 2001. Sea level rise during past 40 years determined from satellite and in situ observations. Science 294, 840–842.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamaguchi, Y., Suzuki, M., Motoyama, T., Sugii, S., Katagiri, C., Takahira, K., Ikeda, S., Yamada, H., Nakayama, K.-I., 2014. Photoprecursor approach as an effective means for preparing multilayer organic semiconducting thin films by solution processes. Sci. Rep. 4, 7151.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinshpan, L., 2012. Solving Enterprise Applications Performance Puzzles. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Adorni, G., Cagnoni, S., Gori, M., Maratea, M. (Eds.), 2016. AI*IA 2016 Advances in Artificial Intelligence: XVth International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, Genova, Italy, November 29 – December 1, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Tschachler, E., Tiplica, G.-S., 2016. Venereal Disease I: Syphilis, in: Ólafsson, J.H., Hay, R.J. (Eds.), Antibiotic and Antifungal Therapies in Dermatology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part D.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. Electric Eels Bend Their Body To Double Their Electric Shocks [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. FAA Staffing: New Pay Act Offers Options to Bolster Maintenance Work Force (No. RCED-91-92). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chalmers, T.D., 2009. The social context of advertising: Authenticity, social identity, and reflected appraisals (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Federer and Nadal Have Never Met In New York, but Have Come Close. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barnard, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Barnard, 2015; Iwasaki and Medzhitov, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Iwasaki and Medzhitov, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamaguchi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part D
AbbreviationTransp. Res. D Transp. Environ.
ISSN (print)1361-9209
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

Other styles