How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D., 2000. Japan sets sights on success in nanotechnology. Nature 408, 624.
A journal article with 2 authors
Venters, B.J., Pugh, B.F., 2013. Genomic organization of human transcription initiation complexes. Nature 502, 53–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartl, F.U., Bracher, A., Hayer-Hartl, M., 2011. Molecular chaperones in protein folding and proteostasis. Nature 475, 324–332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tharakaraman, K., Raman, R., Stebbins, N.W., Viswanathan, K., Sasisekharan, V., Sasisekharan, R., 2013. Antigenically intact hemagglutinin in circulating avian and swine influenza viruses and potential for H3N2 pandemic. Sci. Rep. 3, 1822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
He, J., Zeng, R., Zhang, B., 2012. Methodology and Technology for Power System Grounding. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore.
An edited book
Schneider Beck Fl., A.C., 2010. Dynamic Reconfigurable Architectures and Transparent Optimization Techniques: Automatic Acceleration of Software Execution. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Brokate, M., Kersting, G., 2015. The Integral of Nonnegative Functions, in: Kersting, G. (Ed.), Measure and Integral, Compact Textbooks in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 29–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part D.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Just One Antibiotic Treatment Can Alter Your Gut Microbiome For A Year [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Rail Transit: Observations on FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program and Potential Change in Its Oversight Role (No. GAO-10-314T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wosu, U.L., 2017. Geochemical Analysis of Late Pleistocene Sediments from Fossil Lake, Northern Lake County, Oregon (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Leland, J., 2017. Living the Bike Life. New York Times MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski, 2000; Venters and Pugh, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Venters and Pugh, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tharakaraman et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part D
AbbreviationTransp. Res. D Transp. Environ.
ISSN (print)1361-9209
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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