How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, J., 2001. Drugs firms inflate research costs, watchdog says. Nature 412, 571.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tham, W.-H., Kennedy, A.T., 2015. Malaria: a master lock for deadly parasites. Nature 522, 158–159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serganov, A., Huang, L., Patel, D.J., 2009. Coenzyme recognition and gene regulation by a flavin mononucleotide riboswitch. Nature 458, 233–237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Benson, P.M., Vinciguerra, S., Meredith, P.G., Young, R.P., 2008. Laboratory simulation of volcano seismicity. Science 322, 249–252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, S.A., Rahman, M.A., 2010. An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kelly, R., 2005. Control of Robot Manipulators in Joint Space, Advanced Textbooks in Control and Signal Processing. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Mao, X., Li, X.-Y., Makki, S.K., 2008. Comparative Methods of Channel Assignment in Multivariate Wireless Networks, in: Makki, S.K., Li, X.-Y., Pissinou, N., Makki, S., Karimi, M., Makki, K. (Eds.), Sensor and Ad Hoc Networks: Theoretical and Algorithmic Aspects, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 101–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part D.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Canada And Nasa Partner To Intercept A Potentially Hazardous Asteroid [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Computer Technology: Air Attack Warning System Cannot Process All Radar Track Data (No. IMTEC-91-15). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amini, B., 2015. Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. ‘Madman’ On Mound, Coolheaded Off the Field. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Knight, 2001; Tham and Kennedy, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tham and Kennedy, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Benson et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part D
AbbreviationTransp. Res. D Transp. Environ.
ISSN (print)1361-9209
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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