How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part D citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part D. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolfe, J.M., 2005. Neuroscience. Watching single cells pay attention. Science 308, 503–504.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mattaj, I.W., Tocchini-Valentini, G.P., 2007. Laying solid foundations for Europe. Nature 447, 377–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pahwa, S., Scoglio, C., Scala, A., 2014. Abruptness of cascade failures in power grids. Sci. Rep. 4, 3694.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kanadia, R.N., Johnstone, K.A., Mankodi, A., Lungu, C., Thornton, C.A., Esson, D., Timmers, A.M., Hauswirth, W.W., Swanson, M.S., 2003. A muscleblind knockout model for myotonic dystrophy. Science 302, 1978–1980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Luo, A.C.J., Guo, Y., 2013. Vibro-Impact Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Tse, J.K.H., Tan, J.Y. (Eds.), 2016. Theological Reflections on the Hong Kong Umbrella Movement, Asian Christianity in the Diaspora. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Mehling, H., Cabeza, L.F., 2008. Design of latent heat storages, in: Cabeza, L.F. (Ed.), Heat and Cold Storage with PCM: An up to Date Introduction into Basics and Applications, Heat and Mass Transfer. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 137–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part D.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Genetically Modified Moths Could Save Crops [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Ways To Improve Management of Federally Funded Computerized Models (No. LCD-75-111). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, E., 2019. Leadership Practices in K-12 Public Schools for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students: A Qualitative Study (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Mets, Shedding Veterans, Send Walker to Brewers. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolfe, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Mattaj and Tocchini-Valentini, 2007; Wolfe, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mattaj and Tocchini-Valentini, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kanadia et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part D
AbbreviationTransp. Res. D Transp. Environ.
ISSN (print)1361-9209
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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