How to format your references using the European Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
McDonough WF. Geochemistry. Meteoritic clues point chromium toward Earth’s core. Science 2011;331:1397–1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Radisky DC, Bissell MJ. Cancer. Respect thy neighbor! Science 2004;303:775–777.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Irie M, Kobatake S, Horichi M. Reversible surface morphology changes of a photochromic diarylethene single crystal by photoirradiation. Science 2001;291:1769–1772.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Boon J-P, Casti J, Djerassi C, Johnson J, Lovett A, Norretranders T, Patera V, Sommerer C, Taylor R, Thurner S. A concrete example. Nature 2006;444:122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Borchard-Tuch C, Groß M. Was Biotronik alles kann. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Stanković S. Multimedia Signals and Systems. Orović I, Sejdić E, eds. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jeannin J-B, Kozen D, Silva A. Language Constructs for Non-Well-Founded Computation. In: Felleisen M, Gardner P, eds. Programming Languages and Systems: 22nd European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2013, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2013, Rome, Italy, March 16-24, 2013. Proceedings Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. No Giant Leap For Mankind: Why We’ve Been Looking At Human Evolution In The Wrong Way. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/no-giant-leap-for-mankind-why-weve-been-looking-at-human-evolution-in-the-wrong-way/ (30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Estimated Cost of Supporting Set-Top Boxes to Help Advance the DTV Transition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Feb. Report No.: GAO-05-258T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lavoie D. Ecotone [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M. Virtual Target Previews Fall. New York Times 2010;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal
AbbreviationEur. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0195-668x
ISSN (online)1522-9645
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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