How to format your references using the European Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ruoff R. Perspective: A means to an end. Nature 2012;483:S42.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bland ML, Birnbaum MJ. Cell biology. ADaPting to energetic stress. Science 2011;332:1387–1388.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yoshizawa M, Tamura M, Fujita M. Diels-alder in aqueous molecular hosts: unusual regioselectivity and efficient catalysis. Science 2006;312:251–254.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Johannessen OM, Khvorostovsky K, Miles MW, Bobylev LP. Recent ice-sheet growth in the interior of Greenland. Science 2005;310:1013–1016.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wilson D. Visual Guide to Financial Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Onishi Y, Voitsekhovich OV, Zheleznyak MJ, eds. Chernobyl – What Have We Learned?: The Successes and Failures to Mitigate Water Contamination over 20 Years. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wagner M, Wellmer F-W. A Hierarchy of Natural Resources with Respect to Sustainable Development—A Basis for a Natural Resources Efficiency Indicator. In: Richards J, ed. Mining, Society, and a Sustainable World Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 91–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. How To See Tonight’s Peak Of The Eta Aquariid Meteor Shower. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/how-see-tonights-peak-eta-aquariid-meteor-shower/ (30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at Northern Arizona University and Participating Schools on the Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 May. Report No.: B-164031(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schwartz J. Essays on unemployment insurance and the business cycle [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. Inquiry Into Gosman’s, Up for Sale, Continues. New York Times 2007;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal
AbbreviationEur. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0195-668x
ISSN (online)1522-9645
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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