How to format your references using the European Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wadman M. Biochemist strikes gold. Nature 2006;441:689.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nicewicz DA, MacMillan DWC. Merging photoredox catalysis with organocatalysis: the direct asymmetric alkylation of aldehydes. Science 2008;322:77–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Roselló-Díez A, Ros MA, Torres M. Diffusible signals, not autonomous mechanisms, determine the main proximodistal limb subdivision. Science 2011;332:1086–1088.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Li Y, Zhou S, Dong G, Peng M, Wondraczek L, Qiu J. Anti-stokes fluorescent probe with incoherent excitation. Sci Rep 2014;4:4059.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Johnson MD. Great Myths of Intimate Relationships. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Dewsbury G, Dobson J, eds. Responsibility and Dependable Systems. London: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Choi PL. Negotiation and Renegotiation of Gender Identities. In: Goodson IF, Loveless AM, Stephens D, eds. Explorations in Narrative Research. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What Does It Look Like When A Person Gets Struck By Lightning? IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/what-does-it-look-when-person-gets-struck-lightning/ (30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Corps of Engineers: Effects of Restrictions on Corps’ Hopper Dredges Should Be Comprehensively Analyzed

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Diggs BJ. African American Online Doctor of Management Students’ Perceptions of Dissertation Writing and Support: Narrative Inquiry

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cordes K. Mountaineering’s Greatest Climb Unravels. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal
AbbreviationEur. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0195-668x
ISSN (online)1522-9645
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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