How to format your references using the European Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen J. Physics. Fast electrons tie quantum knots. Science 2009;323:888–890.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz TW, Sakmar TP. Structural biology: snapshot of a signalling complex. Nature 2011;477:540–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kimchi T, Xu J, Dulac C. A functional circuit underlying male sexual behaviour in the female mouse brain. Nature 2007;448:1009–1014.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
Mayorga E, Aufdenkampe AK, Masiello CA, Krusche AV, Hedges JI, Quay PD, Richey JE, Brown TA. Young organic matter as a source of carbon dioxide outgassing from Amazonian rivers. Nature 2005;436:538–541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abulencia JP, Theodore L. Open-Ended Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Piętka E, Kawa J, Wieclawek W, eds. Information Technologies in Biomedicine, Volume 3. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Han L, Rudolph L, Chou M, Corbett S, Eagle E, Glotzer D, Kramer J, Moran J, Pietras C, Tareen A, Valko M. Configurations and Path Planning of Convex Planar Polygonal Loops. In: Frazzoli E, Lozano-Perez T, Roy N, Rus D, eds. Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics X: Proceedings of the Tenth Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch Tigers Frolic In A Pool After Being Rescued From Cages. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Communications Commission: Provision for the Use of the 220-222 MHz Band by Private Land Mobile Radio Service and Final Rule. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: OGC-97-35.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson T. Assessing the determinants of information technology adoption in Jamaica’s public sector using the technology acceptance model [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Gustines GG. Comics Sales Rise, in Paper and Pixels. New York Times 2014;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal
AbbreviationEur. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0195-668x
ISSN (online)1522-9645
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles