How to format your references using the European Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Primack J. Astronomy. Hidden growth of supermassive black holes in galaxy mergers. Science 2010;328:576–578.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wijffels RH, Barbosa MJ. An outlook on microalgal biofuels. Science 2010;329:796–799.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarf D, Hayne H, Colombo M. Pigeons on par with primates in numerical competence. Science 2011;334:1664.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
LaBella VP, Bullock DW, Ding Z, Emery C, Venkatesan A, Oliver WF, Salamo GJ, Thibado PM, Mortazavi M. Spatially resolved spin-injection probability for gallium arsenide. Science 2001;292:1518–1521.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Oyama T. Post-Crisis Risk Management. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Campos P, Huntsinger L, Oviedo Pro JL, Starrs PF, Diaz M, Standiford RB, Montero G, eds. Mediterranean Oak Woodland Working Landscapes: Dehesas of Spain and Ranchlands of California. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Risku M, Pulkkinen S. Finland: Finnish Principal. In: Ärlestig H, Day C, Johansson O, eds. A Decade of Research on School Principals: Cases from 24 Countries Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal.

Blog post
Andrew D. Say Hello To The Earth’s Nearest Exoplanet Neighbour: Proxima Centauri B. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. (30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intercollegiate Athletics: Compensation Varies for Selected Personnel in Athletic Departments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Aug. Report No.: HRD-92-121.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aggarwal E. South Asian women’s attitudes toward help-seeking behaviors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Moldova: Parliament Tells Russia To Pull Troops. New York Times 2005;A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal
AbbreviationEur. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0195-668x
ISSN (online)1522-9645
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles