How to format your references using the European Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirkwood TBL. A systematic look at an old problem. Nature 2008;451:644–647.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohtomo A, Hwang HY. A high-mobility electron gas at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterointerface. Nature 2004;427:423–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lupp C, Skipper M, Weiss U. Gut microbes and health. Nature 2012;489:219.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
Zhang Y, Zhu L, Wang R, Miao L, Jiang H, Yuan H, Ma H, Chen N. Genetic variants in let-7/Lin28 modulate the risk of oral cavity cancer in a Chinese Han population. Sci Rep 2014;4:7434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willis DO. Business Basics for Dentists. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Bhagat A. Foods of Non-Animal Origin: Chemistry, Technology, Inspection Procedures. 1st ed. 2016. Caruso G, Micali M, Parisi S, eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Behnke S, Berg D. Transcranial Ultrasonography in Movement Disorders. In: Nahab FB, Hattori N, eds. Neuroimaging of Movement Disorders Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. p. 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal.

Blog post
Davis J. Conservationists to Engrave Every Critically Endangered Ploughshare Tortoise. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015. (30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Interactive Graphics in the United Kingdom. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Jan. Report No.: 098114.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matsuda T. Computational proposal for locating local defects in superconducting tapes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. We’re All Finally Learning The True Price Of Football. New York Times 2009;B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal
AbbreviationEur. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0195-668x
ISSN (online)1522-9645
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles