How to format your references using the European Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hoffert M. Governments must pay for clean-energy innovation. Nature 2011;472:137.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rathmell JC, Newgard CB. Biochemistry. A glucose-to-gene link. Science 2009;324:1021–1022.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Logvenov G, Gozar A, Bozovic I. High-temperature superconductivity in a single copper-oxygen plane. Science 2009;326:699–702.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Garand E, Zhou J, Manolopoulos DE, Alexander MH, Neumark DM. Nonadiabatic interactions in the Cl + H2 reaction probed by ClH2- and ClD2- photoelectron imaging. Science 2008;319:72–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Marvin S. Dictionary of Scientific Principles. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Aziz CE. In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater. Borden RC, Coates JD, Cox EE, Downey DC, Evans PJ, Hatzinger PB, Henry BM, Jackson WA, Krug TA, Lieberman MT, Loehr RC, Norris RD, Nzengung VA, Perlmutter MW, Schaefer CE, Stroo HF, Ward CH, Winstead CJ, Wolfe C, Stroo HF, Ward CH, eds. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lei K, Tang H, Zeng Y. Keywords Extraction via Multi-relational Network Construction. In: Nagamalai D, Kumar A, Annamalai A, eds. Advances in Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology (CCSEIT-2013), KTO Karatay University, June 7-9, 2013, Konya,Turkey - Volume 1 Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013. p. 33–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Free-flowing water discovered on the equator of Mars. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/space/free-flowing-water-discovered-equator-mars/ (30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Foundational Steps Being Taken to Make Needed FBI Systems Modernization Management Improvements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Sep. Report No.: GAO-04-842.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Janairo B. Recovering Together: A Psychosocial Support Group for Young Adults with Schizophrenia and the People in Their Lives: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sturm J. On the Move. New York Times 2017;BR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal
AbbreviationEur. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0195-668x
ISSN (online)1522-9645
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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