How to format your references using the European Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Byrne N. Future outlook. Nature 2004;429:25.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Clark AG, Messer PW. Evolutionary genomics. Conundrum of jumbled mosquito genomes. Science 2015;347:27–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wu C-I, Shi S, Zhang Y-P. A case for conservation. Nature 2004;428:213–214.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Yu F, Hill RS, Schaffner SF, Sabeti PC, Wang ET, Mignault AA, Ferland RJ, Moyzis RK, Walsh CA, Reich D. Comment on ‘Ongoing adaptive evolution of ASPM, a brain size determinant in Homo sapiens’. Science 2007;316:370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bauer E. Design for Reliability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Christensen PO. Economics of Accounting: Volume II — Performance Evaluation. Feltham GA, ed. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Marcal PV, Fong JT, Yamagata N. A Macro Model for 3D Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites. In: Marcal PV, Yamagata N, eds. Design and Analysis of Reinforced Fiber Composites Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Cracking The Mystery Of The ‘Worldwide Hum’. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/cracking-the-mystery-of-the-worldwide-hum/ (30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Computer-Based Patient Records: Improved Planning and Project Management Are Critical to Achieving Two-Way VA-DOD Health Data Exchange. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 May. Report No.: GAO-04-811T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mills LM. A mentoring program for foster youth transitioning into adulthood: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Parallel Coaching Paths, Decades Apart. New York Times 2011;SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal
AbbreviationEur. Heart J.
ISSN (print)0195-668x
ISSN (online)1522-9645
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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