How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snell, W.J., 2012. Development. Plant gametes do fertilization with a twist. Science 338, 1038–1039.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hambourger, M., Moore, T.A., 2009. Chemistry. Nailing down nickel for electrocatalysis. Science 326, 1355–1356.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, S.D., McGinness, K.E., Sauer, R.T., 2003. Structural biology. A glimpse into tmRNA-mediated ribosome rescue. Science 300, 72–73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kuznetsov, A.E., Birch, K.A., Boldyrev, A.I., Li, X., Zhai, H.-J., Wang, L.-S., 2003. All-metal antiaromatic molecule: rectangular Al4(4-) in the Li3Al4(-) anion. Science 300, 622–625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lado, E.P., 2016. The Common Fisheries Policy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Krieglstein, G.K., Weinreb, R.N., Pleyer, U., Mondino, B. (Eds.), 2005. Uveitis and Immunological Disorders, Essentials in Ophthalmology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dam, H.H., Rojanavasu, P., Abbass, H.A., Lokan, C., 2008. Distributed Learning Classifier Systems, in: Bull, L., Bernadó-Mansilla, E., Holmes, J. (Eds.), Learning Classifier Systems in Data Mining, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 69–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part A.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. There’s A “Blue Moon” This Friday - But What Does That Mean? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Administration of Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (No. 092686). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penix-Tadsen, P., 2009. Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. An Old Log Learns Some New Tricks. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snell, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hambourger and Moore, 2009; Snell, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hambourger and Moore, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuznetsov et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part A
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part A Policy Pract.
ISSN (print)0965-8564
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research
Civil and Structural Engineering

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