How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smil, V., 2000. Horse power. Nature 405, 125.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monk, J., Palsson, B.O., 2014. Genetics. Predicting microbial growth. Science 344, 1448–1449.
A journal article with 3 authors
ffrench-Constant, C., Colognato, H., Franklin, R.J.M., 2004. Neuroscience. The mysteries of myelin unwrapped. Science 304, 688–689.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shoji, M., Hamatani, T., Ishikawa, S., Kuji, N., Ohta, H., Matsui, H., Yoshimura, Y., 2014. Sexual satisfaction of infertile couples assessed using the Golombok-Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS). Sci. Rep. 4, 5203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehman, R., McMillan, L.G., 2011. Options for Volatile Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Deraemaeker, A., Worden, K. (Eds.), 2010. New Trends in Vibration Based Structural Health Monitoring, CISM Courses and Lectures. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Kwak, D., Kiris, C.C., 2011. Artificial Compressibility Method, in: Kiris, C.C. (Ed.), Computation of Viscous Incompressible Flows, Scientific Computation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 41–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part A.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. What Would Happen If You Shot A Gun In Space? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Space Shuttle: NASA’s Procurement of Solid Rocket Booster Motors (No. NSIAD-86-194). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milner, M., 2009. An evaluation of the influence of case method instruction on the reflective thinking of MSW students (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinmetz, G., Kimmelman, M., 2014. Floating in the Sky. New York Times MM32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smil, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Monk and Palsson, 2014; Smil, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monk and Palsson, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shoji et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part A
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part A Policy Pract.
ISSN (print)0965-8564
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research
Civil and Structural Engineering

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