How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seitzinger, S., 2010. A sustainable planet needs scientists to think ahead. Nature 468, 601.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucadamo, G., Medlin, D.L., 2003. Geometric origin of hexagonal close packing at a grain boundary in gold. Science 300, 1272–1275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fashami, M.S., Atulasimha, J., Bandyopadhyay, S., 2013. Energy dissipation and error probability in fault-tolerant binary switching. Sci. Rep. 3, 3204.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mandel, M.J., Wollenberg, M.S., Stabb, E.V., Visick, K.L., Ruby, E.G., 2009. A single regulatory gene is sufficient to alter bacterial host range. Nature 458, 215–218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoop, I., Billiet, J., Koch, A., Fitzgerald, R., 2010. Improving Survey Response. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Chodkiewicz, H., Steinbrich, P., Krzemińska-Adamek, M. (Eds.), 2016. Working with Text and Around Text in Foreign Language Environments, Second Language Learning and Teaching. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Berardo, J.C.M., Becker, B.B., 2016. Brazil, in: Kilpatrick, B., Kobel, P., Këllezi, P. (Eds.), Compatibility of Transactional Resolutions of Antitrust Proceedings with Due Process and Fundamental Rights & Online Exhaustion of IP Rights, LIDC Contributions on Antitrust Law, Intellectual Property and Unfair Competition. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 135–154.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part A.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. In The Push For Marketable Skills, Are We Forgetting The Beauty And Poetry Of STEM Disciplines? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Tax System Modernization: Issues Facing IRS (No. T-IMTEC-91-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, D.G., 2012. An application of geotechnical techniques to quantitative regional slope stability analysis San Clemente, California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Alcindor, Y., 2017. Democrats on Tightrope In Immigration Debate. New York Times A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seitzinger, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lucadamo and Medlin, 2003; Seitzinger, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lucadamo and Medlin, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Mandel et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part A
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part A Policy Pract.
ISSN (print)0965-8564
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research
Civil and Structural Engineering

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