How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blinkhorn, S., 2001. Yes, but what’s it for? Nature 412, 771.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis, S.L., Maslin, M.A., 2015. Defining the anthropocene. Nature 519, 171–180.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, Y.-J., Jiménez-García, K., Spielman, I.B., 2011. Spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates. Nature 471, 83–86.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clyde, D.E., Corado, M.S.G., Wu, X., Paré, A., Papatsenko, D., Small, S., 2003. A self-organizing system of repressor gradients establishes segmental complexity in Drosophila. Nature 426, 849–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernandez-Maloigne, C., Robert-Inacio, F., Macaire, L., 2012. Digital Color. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Nguyen, N.T., Le, M.T., Świątek, J. (Eds.), 2010. Intelligent Information and Database Systems: Second International Conference, ACIIDS, Hue City, Vietnam, March 24-26, 2010. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Grosse-Wentrup, M., Schölkopf, B., 2013. A Review of Performance Variations in SMR-Based Brain−Computer Interfaces (BCIs), in: Guger, C., Allison, B.Z., Edlinger, G. (Eds.), Brain-Computer Interface Research: A State-of-the-Art Summary, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part A.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Brains Work Via Their Genes Just As Much As Their Neurons [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Social Security: Telephone Access Enhanced at Field Offices Under Demonstration Project (No. HEHS-96-70). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nistal França, F.J., 2017. Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., Apuzzo, M., 2017. Tougher on Corporate Crime. For Now. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blinkhorn, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Blinkhorn, 2001; Lewis and Maslin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lewis and Maslin, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Clyde et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part A
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part A Policy Pract.
ISSN (print)0965-8564
ScopeManagement Science and Operations Research
Civil and Structural Engineering

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