How to format your references using the Journal of Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.M. Ghigo, Natural conjugative plasmids induce bacterial biofilm development, Nature. 412 (2001) 442–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.J. Wood, A.N. Halliday, The lead isotopic age of the Earth can be explained by core formation alone, Nature. 465 (2010) 767–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Matzke, A.J. Matzke, J.M. Kooter, RNA: guiding gene silencing, Science. 293 (2001) 1080–1083.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Kaur, A. Vishnoi, T.U. Ariyadasa, A. Bhattacharya, S.L. Singla-Pareek, S.K. Sopory, Episodes of horizontal gene-transfer and gene-fusion led to co-existence of different metal-ion specific glyoxalase I, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Szylar, Risk Management under UCITS III/IV, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
K. Omasa, I. Nouchi, L.J.D. Kok, eds., Plant Responses to Air Pollution and Global Change, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
C.D. Pfeiffer, B. Wong, Diagnostic Immunology, in: D.R. Hospenthal, M.G. Rinaldi (Eds.), Diagnosis and Treatment of Fungal Infections, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 45–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
J. Fang, Why Do Lizard Throat Fans Glow?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Responses to Questions for the Record; Hearing on JPDO and the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.B. Asare, Understanding the Transformational Leadership Practices of Colleges of Education Principals, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Chapman, Former Mayor of Detroit Guilty in Corruption Case, New York Times. (2013) A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (print)1090-7807
Condensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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