How to format your references using the Journal of Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.M. Appel, Electrochemistry: Catalysis at the boundaries, Nature. 508 (2014) 460–461.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.R.A. Taylor, W.M. Kier, Biomechanics: a pneumo-hydrostatic skeleton in land crabs, Nature. 440 (2006) 1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.J. Costello, R.M. May, N.E. Stork, Response to comments on “Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct?,” Science. 341 (2013) 237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.F. Scheid, H. Mouquet, B. Ueberheide, R. Diskin, F. Klein, T.Y.K. Oliveira, J. Pietzsch, D. Fenyo, A. Abadir, K. Velinzon, A. Hurley, S. Myung, F. Boulad, P. Poignard, D.R. Burton, F. Pereyra, D.D. Ho, B.D. Walker, M.S. Seaman, P.J. Bjorkman, B.T. Chait, M.C. Nussenzweig, Sequence and structural convergence of broad and potent HIV antibodies that mimic CD4 binding, Science. 333 (2011) 1633–1637.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bleistein, Rapid Organizational Change, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
S. Gessani, F. Belardelli, eds., The Biology of Dendritic Cells and HIV Infection, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Dandia, V. Parewa, A. Sharma, An Approach Towards Green Switch Through Nanocatalysis for the Synthesis of Biodynamic Heterocycles, in: K.L. Ameta, A. Dandia (Eds.), Green Chemistry: Synthesis of Bioactive Heterocycles, Springer India, New Delhi, 2014: pp. 129–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Indonesian Volcano Erupts Electric-Blue Lava, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intellectual Property: Economic Arrangements Among Small Webcasters and Third Parties and Their Effect on Royalties, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.A. Oliva, Technological mediation: The implications of technology on the human experience, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Awkward Moments in Video Politics, New York Times. (1992) 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (print)1090-7807
Condensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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