How to format your references using the Journal of Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Gong, China’s new leaders must keep science in focus, Nature. 491 (2012) 161.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.F. Kasting, J.L. Siefert, Life and the evolution of Earth’s atmosphere, Science. 296 (2002) 1066–1068.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.M. Miller, S. Gavrilets, W.R. Rice, Sexual conflict via maternal-effect genes in ZW species, Science. 312 (2006) 73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
O. Levy, L. Appelbaum, W. Leggat, Y. Gothlif, D.C. Hayward, D.J. Miller, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, Light-responsive cryptochromes from a simple multicellular animal, the coral Acropora millepora, Science. 318 (2007) 467–470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.A. Rosier, M.A. Martens, J.R. Thomas, Global New Drug Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
E. Lichtfouse, ed., Sustainable Agriculture Reviews: Volume 17, 1st ed. 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A.H. Lav, A.B. Goktepe, M.A. Lav, Backcalculation of Flexible Pavements Using Soft Computing, in: K. Gopalakrishnan, H. Ceylan, N.O. Attoh-Okine (Eds.), Intelligent and Soft Computing in Infrastructure Systems Engineering: Recent Advances, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 67–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How To Light A Candle With Smoke, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Defaulted Student Loans: Guaranty Agencies’ Collection Practices and Procedures, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.Y.-Y. Chung, Pulse designs on TR-MAS UWB, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices, 5-4, Accept No Excuses From Inmate for Mistaken Late Filing of an Appeal, New York Times. (2007) A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (print)1090-7807
Condensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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