How to format your references using the Journal of Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.D. Ferguson, Do not phase out nuclear power - yet, Nature. 471 (2011) 411.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Paukner, K.K.K. Koziol, Ultra-pure single wall carbon nanotube fibres continuously spun without promoter, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3903.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.P. Karlsson, D.G.R. Tervo, A.Y. Karpova, Network resets in medial prefrontal cortex mark the onset of behavioral uncertainty, Science. 338 (2012) 135–139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Humeau, H. Shaban, S. Bissière, A. Lüthi, Presynaptic induction of heterosynaptic associative plasticity in the mammalian brain, Nature. 426 (2003) 841–845.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Zlokarnik, Scale-Up in Chemical Engineering, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2006.
An edited book
P. Arena, L. Patanè, eds., Spatial Temporal Patterns for Action-Oriented Perception in Roving Robots, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Donath, O. Faude, Compression Garments and Performance Enhancement in Balance and Precision Tasks, in: F. Engel, B. Sperlich (Eds.), Compression Garments in Sports: Athletic Performance and Recovery, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 79–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Is The “Gaydar” Real?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Methodology Used in Lease-Versus-Purchase Decision for Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.C. Koval, Undergraduate Students in Paraprofessional Roles and their Use of Online Social Networks, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. Schmitt, U.S. Says Its ISIS Fight Isn’t Raising Civilian Risks, New York Times. (2017) A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (print)1090-7807
Condensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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