How to format your references using the Histopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Histopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. Public health: Prevention comes of age. Nature 2012; 488; S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos A, Bamzai A. Policy needs robust climate science. Nature 2005; 438; 285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Caraveo-Frescas JA, Khan MA, Alshareef HN. Polymer ferroelectric field-effect memory device with SnO channel layer exhibits record hole mobility. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4; 5243.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Seo M, Hong C, Lee S-Y, et al. Multi-valued logic gates based on ballistic transport in quantum point contacts. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4; 3806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuehni RG. Color. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Sango K, Yamauchi J, eds. Schwann Cell Development and Pathology. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Ishimori H, Kobayashi T, Ohki H, et al. Δ(3N 2). In Kobayashi T, Ohki H, Okada H et al., eds. An Introduction to Non-Abelian Discrete Symmetries for Particle Physicists. Lecture Notes in Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012; 87-95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Histopathology.

Blog post
Fang J. 500-Million-Year-Old Fish Had First Signs of Jaws. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Vocational Education: Changes at High School Level After Amendments to Perkins Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Renteria Y. Respite services for post-adoption families transitioning from the child welfare system: A grant proposal. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D. Deconstruct This! New York Times. September 15, 2002:78.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [14].

About the journal

Full journal titleHistopathology
ISSN (print)0309-0167
ISSN (online)1365-2559
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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