How to format your references using the Histopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Histopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Smaglik P. Building the triangle: North Carolina. Nature 2002; 416; 4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Shaiken TE, Opekun AR. Dissecting the cell to nucleus, perinucleus and cytosol. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4; 4923.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Kareiva P, Chang A, Marvier M. Environmental economics. Development and conservation goals in World Bank projects. Science 2008; 321; 1638-1639.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Liang Y-L, Khoshouei M, Deganutti G, et al. Cryo-EM structure of the active, Gs-protein complexed, human CGRP receptor. Nature 2018; 561; 492-497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Kaplan W. Maxima and Minima with Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
1
Zhao M, Sha J, eds. Communications and Information Processing: International Conference, ICCIP 2012 Aveiro, Portugal, March 7-11, 2012 Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Vol 288. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Moura Neto FD, da Silva Neto AJ. Spectral Analysis of an Inverse Problem. In da Silva Neto AJ, ed. An Introduction to Inverse Problems with Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013; 53-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Histopathology.

Blog post
1
Evans K. 19 Life-Saving Facts That Everyone Should Know. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Default Rates at HBCUs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Sugawara Y. When the Spaniels conquered Central America: Academic English and first year composition instruction. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Borjas G. The Immigration Debate We Need. New York Times. February 27, 2017:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [14].

About the journal

Full journal titleHistopathology
AbbreviationHistopathology
ISSN (print)0309-0167
ISSN (online)1365-2559
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Histology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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