How to format your references using the Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochaix, J.-D., 2013. Plant science. Fine-tuning photosynthesis. Science 342, 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eroglu, C., Barres, B.A., 2010. Regulation of synaptic connectivity by glia. Nature 468, 223–231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mojzsis, S.J., Harrison, T.M., Pidgeon, R.T., 2001. Oxygen-isotope evidence from ancient zircons for liquid water at the Earth’s surface 4,300 Myr ago. Nature 409, 178–181.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stutchbury, B.J.M., Tarof, S.A., Done, T., Gow, E., Kramer, P.M., Tautin, J., Fox, J.W., Afanasyev, V., 2009. Tracking long-distance songbird migration by using geolocators. Science 323, 896.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shover, L., 2013. Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carroll, J., Daly, S. (Eds.), 2015. Fracture, Fatigue, Failure, and Damage Evolution, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
van Hee, K.M., Sidorova, N., van der Werf, J.M., 2013. Business Process Modeling Using Petri Nets, in: Jensen, K., Aalst, W.M.P. van der, Balbo, G., Koutny, M., Wolf, K. (Eds.), Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 116–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Discover Music Evolves Like A Living Species [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Transportation Infrastructure: Supplemental Information on the Federal Highway Administration’s Project Selection Process for Five Discretionary Programs (No. RCED-98-179R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLutis-Eichenberger, A.N., 2010. El proceso semiótico de un héroe decimonónico: Un estudio en torno a los “textos-tumbas” de Andrés Bello (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz, J., 2016. Mayor’s Arrest and Link to the Death of a Boy Have Divided a California City. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rochaix, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Eroglu and Barres, 2010; Rochaix, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eroglu and Barres, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Stutchbury et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives
ISSN (print)2590-1982

Other styles