How to format your references using the Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Derry, L.A., 2006. Atmospheric science. Fungi, weathering, and the emergence of animals. Science 311, 1386–1387.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chiosis, G., Boneca, I.G., 2001. Selective cleavage of D-Ala-D-Lac by small molecules: re-sensitizing resistant bacteria to vancomycin. Science 293, 1484–1487.
A journal article with 3 authors
White, N., Thompson, M., Barwise, T., 2003. Understanding the thermal evolution of deep-water continental margins. Nature 426, 334–343.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xin, X., Wan, Y., Wang, W., Yin, G., McLamore, E.S., Lu, X., 2013. A real-time, non-invasive, micro-optrode technique for detecting seed viability by using oxygen influx. Sci. Rep. 3, 3057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kula, G., Raab, M., Stahn, S., 2017. Beyond Smart Beta. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Proietti, M., Seki, H. (Eds.), 2015. Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 24th International Symposium, LOPSTR 2014, Canterbury, UK, September 9-11, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonek, P., Lisowski, M., Uhl, T., 2015. Development of Wireless Passive Sensing Platform – Communication Issues, in: Awrejcewicz, J., Szewczyk, R., Trojnacki, M., Kaliczyńska, M. (Eds.), Mechatronics - Ideas for Industrial Application, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Why Are Some People Selfish? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Transportation Infrastructure: Department of Transportation Highway and Mass Transit Program Reauthorization Proposals (No. T-RCED-91-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villegas, B., 2009. The optimization and characterization of superconducting magnesium diboride thin films (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. One Store Scoops Up The Lot. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Derry, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chiosis and Boneca, 2001; Derry, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chiosis and Boneca, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Xin et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives
ISSN (print)2590-1982

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