How to format your references using the Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coleman, P., 2000. Superconductivity. On the verge of magnetism. Nature 406, 580–581.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, K.A., Ashcroft, N.W., 2000. Structure and bandgap closure in dense hydrogen. Nature 403, 632–635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger, J., Swenson, J.E., Persson, I.L., 2001. Recolonizing carnivores and naïve prey: conservation lessons from Pleistocene extinctions. Science 291, 1036–1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, S., Lim, B.T., Kim, B., Son, H.J., Chung, D.S., 2014. High mobility polymer based on a π-extended benzodithiophene and its application for fast switching transistor and high gain photoconductor. Sci. Rep. 4, 5482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Block, T., Eggert, H., Kauschke, W., 2013. Lager im Bauwesen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
MacFarland, T.W., 2016. Introduction to Nonparametric Statistics for the Biological Sciences Using R. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bunimovich, L., Webb, B., 2014. Pseudospectra and Inverse Pseudospectra, in: Webb, B. (Ed.), Isospectral Transformations: A New Approach to Analyzing Multidimensional Systems and Networks, Springer Monographs in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 129–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Shell To Cease Drilling In The Arctic After “Disappointing” Results [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Aviation Security: Improved Testing, Evaluation, and Performance Measurement Could Enhance Effectiveness (No. GAO-16-199T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verret, J.E., 2019. Property Tax Limitations, School District Revenues, and Equity: Analyses of Pennsylvania’s Act One (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Yes, Luis Castillo Is Still With the Mets. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coleman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Coleman, 2000; Johnson and Ashcroft, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Ashcroft, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives
ISSN (print)2590-1982

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