How to format your references using the Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L., 2006. Protein purification: proteomics at Harvard. Nature 439, 1017.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gallotti, R., Barthelemy, M., 2014. Anatomy and efficiency of urban multimodal mobility. Sci. Rep. 4, 6911.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubin, K.H., Fletcher, C.H., 3rd, Sherman, C., 2000. Fossiliferous Lana’i deposits formed by multiple events rather than a single giant tsunami. Nature 408, 675–681.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gasque, G., Conway, S., Huang, J., Rao, Y., Vosshall, L.B., 2013. Small molecule drug screening in Drosophila identifies the 5HT2A receptor as a feeding modulation target. Sci. Rep. 3, srep02120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bitton, G., 2010. Wastewater Microbiology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Düh, J., Hufnagl, H., Juritsch, E., Pfliegl, R., Schimany, H.-K., Schönegger, H. (Eds.), 2010. Data and Mobility: Transforming Information into Intelligent Traffic and Transportation Services Proceedings of the Lakeside Conference 2010, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kemp, A., Maguire, S., Davis, P., 2011. Physical Child Abuse, in: Stark, M.M. (Ed.), Clinical Forensic Medicine: A Physician’s Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 169–202.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. Degraded Forests Provide Refuge For Animals, New Study Shows [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Federal Research Grants: Compensation Paid to Graduate Students at the University of California (No. OSI-99-8). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Legaspi, J., 2010. Accelerated supported employment program: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2008. Laws Seek to Counter Clothing-Bin Fraud. New York Times LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta, 2006; Gallotti and Barthelemy, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gallotti and Barthelemy, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Gasque et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives
ISSN (print)2590-1982

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