How to format your references using the Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Callaway, E., 2012. Evolutionary biology: the lost appetites. Nature 486, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jakob, M., Hilaire, J., 2015. Climate science: Unburnable fossil-fuel reserves. Nature 517, 150–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Westover, K.D., Bushnell, D.A., Kornberg, R.D., 2004. Structural basis of transcription: separation of RNA from DNA by RNA polymerase II. Science 303, 1014–1016.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kewcharoenwong, C., Rinchai, D., Utispan, K., Suwannasaen, D., Bancroft, G.J., Ato, M., Lertmemongkolchai, G., 2013. Glibenclamide reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine production by neutrophils of diabetes patients in response to bacterial infection. Sci. Rep. 3, 3363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beiser, L., 2005. Unified Optical Scanning Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cellary, W., Estevez, E. (Eds.), 2010. Software Services for e-World: 10th IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2010, Buenos Aires, Argentina, November 3-5, 2010. Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Meesenburg, H., Brumme, R., Jacobsen, C., Meiwes, K.J., Eichhorn, J., 2009. Soil Properties, in: Brumme, Rainer, Khanna, P.K. (Eds.), Functioning and Management of European Beech Ecosystems, Ecological Studies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. World’s First Robot-Run Hotel Due To Open In Japan This July [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Opportunities for Improving Cash Management Practices, Regional Finance and Data Processing Center, Paris, France (No. 093268). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sinha, R., 2017. An Integrated Development Environment for the Clara Constraint-Programming Language (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M., 2015. U.A.W. Leaders Approve Proposed G.M. Contract. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Callaway, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Callaway, 2012; Jakob and Hilaire, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jakob and Hilaire, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kewcharoenwong et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives
ISSN (print)2590-1982

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