How to format your references using the Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, C.-T.A., 2004. Geophysics. Are Earth’s core and mantle on speaking terms? Science 306, 64–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michaelis, S., Hrycyna, C.A., 2013. Biochemistry. A protease for the ages. Science 339, 1529–1530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacace, F., de Petris, G., Troiani, A., 2002. Experimental detection of tetranitrogen. Science 295, 480–481.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bottke, W.F., Jr, Vokrouhlický, D., Broz, M., Nesvorný, D., Morbidelli, A., 2001. Dynamical spreading of asteroid families by the Yarkovsky effect. Science 294, 1693–1696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackwood, N., 2014. Advanced Excel Reporting for Management Accountants. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mangiameli, S. (Ed.), 2014. Italian Regionalism: Between Unitary Traditions and Federal Processes: Investigating Italy’s Form of State, Essays on Federalism and Regionalism. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Guccio, C., Martorana, M.F., Mazza, I., Rizzo, I., 2016. Technology and Public Access to Cultural Heritage: The Italian Experience on ICT for Public Historical Archives, in: Borowiecki, K.J., Forbes, N., Fresa, A. (Eds.), Cultural Heritage in a Changing World. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Cause Of Mysterious “Nodding Syndrome” May Have Been Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Training Programs: Information on Fiscal Years 1989 and 1990 Appropriations (No. HRD-89-71FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eisenberg, D.A., 2012. Effectiveness of an eel curriculum on student achievement for the California earth science standard on ocean currents A comparative analysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Krieger, S., 2016. Thumbing, Old and New. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lee, 2004; Michaelis and Hrycyna, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michaelis and Hrycyna, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bottke et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives
ISSN (print)2590-1982

Other styles