How to format your references using the European Journal of Surgical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Surgical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Youle RJ. Cell biology. Cellular demolition and the rules of engagement. Science 2007;315:776–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Scully R, Livingston DM. In search of the tumour-suppressor functions of BRCA1 and BRCA2. Nature 2000;408:429–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Cabernard C, Prehoda KE, Doe CQ. A spindle-independent cleavage furrow positioning pathway. Nature 2010;467:91–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
van Straten W, Bailes M, Britton M, Kulkarni SR, Anderson SB, Manchester RN, et al. A test of general relativity from the three-dimensional orbital geometry of a binary pulsar. Nature 2001;412:158–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Franssen J-M, Real PV. Fire Design of Steel Structures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Hossain E, Leung K, editors. Wireless Mesh Networks: Architectures and Protocols. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Apel D, Liu W, Bindiganavile V. Simulation of the Effects of Thermo Insulating Shotcrete on the Energy Consumption of Ventilation and Cooling Systems at Deep Underground Mines. In: Drebenstedt C, Singhal R, editors. Mine Planning and Equipment Selection: Proceedings of the 22nd MPES Conference, Dresden, Germany, 14th – 19th October 2013, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 37–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Surgical Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Hunting For Living Fossils In Indonesian Waters. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/hunting-living-fossils-indonesian-waters/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Addington LM. Students’ Preferences for Information Sources during the Undergraduate College Search Process: The Influence of Technology. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
St. John Kelly E. As Cupid Sheathes Arrows, Voodoo Dolls Come Out. New York Times 1999:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
AbbreviationEur. J. Surg. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0748-7983
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Oncology
Surgery

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