How to format your references using the European Journal of Surgical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Surgical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Barouch DH. Challenges in the development of an HIV-1 vaccine. Nature 2008;455:613–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kim N, Jinks-Robertson S. dUTP incorporation into genomic DNA is linked to transcription in yeast. Nature 2009;459:1150–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Trainor PA, Ariza-McNaughton L, Krumlauf R. Role of the isthmus and FGFs in resolving the paradox of neural crest plasticity and prepatterning. Science 2002;295:1288–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Naskar D, Nayak S, Dey T, Kundu SC. Non-mulberry silk fibroin influence osteogenesis and osteoblast-macrophage cross talk on titanium based surface. Sci Rep 2014;4:4745.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Estampe D. Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
White WB, editor. Blood Pressure Monitoring in Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics. Second Edition. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Lont M, Milosevic D, van Roermund A. Receiver Front-End Version 1. In: Milosevic D, Roermund A van, editors. Wake-up Receiver Based Ultra-Low-Power WBAN, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 93–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Surgical Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. California Breaks Record After Getting 81 Percent Of Energy From Renewables. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/california-breaks-record-getting-81-percent-energy-renewables/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to More Aggressively Manage Its Inspection Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Dawood AA. Relationship between mental health and treatment seeking in an urban Muslim community. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Sabrina Tavernise With. The Survivors Dribble Out, All With a Story to Tell. New York Times 2002:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
AbbreviationEur. J. Surg. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0748-7983
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Oncology
Surgery

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