How to format your references using the European Journal of Surgical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Surgical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Solow RM. Retrospective. Paul A. Samuelson (1915-2009). Science 2010;327:282.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Burrows M, Sutton G. Interacting gears synchronize propulsive leg movements in a jumping insect. Science 2013;341:1254–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Huang X, Hansen N, Tsuji N. Hardening by annealing and softening by deformation in nanostructured metals. Science 2006;312:249–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ning B, Zhang SY, Hou D, Wu JT, Li ZB, Zhao JY. High-precision distribution of highly stable optical pulse trains with 8.8 × 1019 instability. Sci Rep 2014;4:5109.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kupka HJ. Transitions in Molecular Systems. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Erdmann VA, Barciszewski J, editors. From Nucleic Acids Sequences to Molecular Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dabbagh N, Benson AD, Denham A, Joseph R, Al-Freih M, Zgheib G, et al. Augmented Reality. In: Benson AD, Denham A, Joseph R, Al-Freih M, Zgheib G, Fake H, et al., editors. Learning Technologies and Globalization: Pedagogical Frameworks and Applications, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 27–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Surgical Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Five Common Misconceptions About Seasonal Flu. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/five-common-misconceptions-about-seasonal-flu/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Customs Automated Commercial Environment Program Progressing, but Need for Management Improvements Continues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zaghdoun E. Entre lettres et portraits: Madame Du Deffand, auteur? Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly P. Letter to the Editor 3 -- No Title. New York Times 1972:Book ReviewBR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
AbbreviationEur. J. Surg. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0748-7983
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Oncology
Surgery

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