How to format your references using the Injury Extra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Injury Extra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gwynne P. Microbiology: There’s gold in them there bugs. Nature 2013;495:S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bianchi ME, Manfredi AA. Immunology. Dangers in and out. Science 2009;323:1683–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Verhagen JH, Herfst S, Fouchier RAM. Infectious disease. How a virus travels the world. Science 2015;347:616–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Al-Sawaf O, Fragoulis A, Rosen C, Kan YW, Sönmez TT, Pufe T, et al. Nrf2 protects against TWEAK-mediated skeletal muscle wasting. Sci Rep 2014;4:3625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Matloff R, Chaillou JH. Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Hofmann-Wellenhof B. Physical Geodesy. Vienna: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Abel A. Semi-continuous Sized Types and Termination. In: Ésik Z, editor. Computer Science Logic: 20th International Workshop, CSL 2006, 15th Annual Conference of the EACSL, Szeged, Hungary, September 25-29, 2006. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 72–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Injury Extra.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Discovery Channel Promises To Stop Lying To Us. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/discovery-channel-promises-stop-lying-us/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. GAO Research Guide: Electronic Data Processing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tourijigian L. Fiscal Changes at Dunbar Elementary. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Novick SM. Saving Summer in a Jar. New York Times 2013:LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInjury Extra
ISSN (print)1572-3461
ScopeEmergency Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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