How to format your references using the Injury Extra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Injury Extra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Alberts B. A wake-up call. Nature 2004;431:1041.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Weir JT, Schluter D. The latitudinal gradient in recent speciation and extinction rates of birds and mammals. Science 2007;315:1574–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kahn SE, Hull RL, Utzschneider KM. Mechanisms linking obesity to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Nature 2006;444:840–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Schulze E-D, Mollicone D, Achard F, Matteucci G, Federici S, Eva HD, et al. Climate change. Making deforestation pay under the Kyoto Protocol? Science 2003;299:1669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Layer of Protection Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Roesle ML. Boiling Heat Transfer in Dilute Emulsions. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Esposito MP, Lanteri VJ, Lovallo G. Extraperitoneal Robotic Radical Prostatectomy. In: Stock JA, Esposito MP, Lanteri VJ, Albala DM, editors. Urologic Robotic Surgery, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008, p. 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Injury Extra.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Mysterious Cosmic Radio Burst Caught In Real Time. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/world-first-cosmic-radio-burst-caught-real-time/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Hoang TT. Acoustic and Image Vehicle Classification System. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Sports Take Him Away; Smells Bring Him Home. New York Times 2010:SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInjury Extra
ISSN (print)1572-3461
ScopeEmergency Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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