How to format your references using the BMC Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chadwick WW Jr. Earth science. A submarine volcano is caught in the act. Science. 2006;314:1887–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gann A, Witkowski J. The lost correspondence of Francis Crick. Nature. 2010;467:519–24.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Arjona A, Escudero M, Gómez CM. Updating of attentional and premotor allocation resources as function of previous trial outcome. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4526.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang X, Guo G, Ji C, Huang K, Zha C, Wang Y, et al. Efficient thermolysis route to monodisperse Cu₂ZnSnS₄ nanocrystals with controlled shape and structure. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5086.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gup BE. Banking and Financial Institutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Lenk A. Electromechanical Systems in Microtechnology and Mechatronics: Electrical, Mechanical and Acoustic Networks, their Interactions and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. McLeish T. Academic Freedom, Religion and the Natural Sciences. In: Garcia K, editor. Reexamining Academic Freedom in Religiously Affiliated Universities: Transcending Orthodoxies. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 63–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Cell Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why Are Humans Unique? It’s The Small Things That Count. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-are-humans-unique-it-s-small-things-count/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Aeronautics: Impact of Technology Transfer Activities Is Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cooper T. Biting Animals. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Warming Up to Sausage and Dogs. New York Times. 2006;:NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Cell Biology
AbbreviationBMC Cell Biol.
ISSN (online)1471-2121
ScopeCell Biology

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