How to format your references using the BMC Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Adam D. British archaeology boost may uncover old enthusiasm. Nature. 2001;413:338.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bradshaw WE, Holzapfel CM. Climate change. Evolutionary response to rapid climate change. Science. 2006;312:1477–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chen Y-Z, Huang Z-G, Lai Y-C. Controlling extreme events on complex networks. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6121.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mechelli A, Crinion JT, Noppeney U, O’Doherty J, Ashburner J, Frackowiak RS, et al. Neurolinguistics: structural plasticity in the bilingual brain. Nature. 2004;431:757.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cheng L, Lopez-Beltran A, Bostwick DG. Bladder Pathology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Scherzer O, editor. Handbook of Mathematical Methods in Imaging. 2nd ed. 2015. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Vasanthaiah HKN, Thangadurai D, Basha SM, Biradar DP, Kambiranda D, Louime C. Muscadiniana. In: Kole C, editor. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Temperate Fruits. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Cell Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Twin Stars Hosting Two Jupiter-Sized Exoplanets Discovered. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/twin-stars-hosting-two-jupiter-sized-exoplanets-discovered/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: GSA Has Made Progress Planning for a New Governmentwide Program, But Critical Issues Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lai J-P. Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog Deleted on Chromosome Ten (PTEN) As A Molecular Target in Lung Epithelial Wound Repair and Protection. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crane AT, Hay G, Larsen PT. Mortgage Market Due for Overhaul. New York Times. 2011;:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Cell Biology
AbbreviationBMC Cell Biol.
ISSN (online)1471-2121
ScopeCell Biology

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