How to format your references using the Transportation Planning and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Planning and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, Peter U. 2002. “Early Deglaciation in the Tropical Andes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5591): 7; discussion 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Srokosz, M. A., and H. L. Bryden. 2015. “OCEAN CIRCULATION. Observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Yields a Decade of Inevitable Surprises.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6241): 1255575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayberry, Rachel I., Elizabeth Lock, and Hena Kazmi. 2002. “Linguistic Ability and Early Language Exposure.” Nature 417 (6884): 38.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Barnett, Brad P., Yousang Hwang, Martin S. Taylor, Henriette Kirchner, Paul T. Pfluger, Vincent Bernard, Yu-Yi Lin, et al. 2010. “Glucose and Weight Control in Mice with a Designed Ghrelin O-Acyltransferase Inhibitor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6011): 1689–1692.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler, Helmut. 2015. Food Industry Innovation School, The. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Keller, Jeffrey K. 2014. Improving GIS-Based Wildlife-Habitat Analysis. Edited by Charles R. Smith. SpringerBriefs in Ecology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Faggioni, Lorenzo, Riccardo Lazzarini, and Emanuele Neri. 2010. “TC Multistrato.” In Elementi Di Tomografia Computerizzata, edited by Fabio Paolicchi and Emanuele Neri, 35–48. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Planning and Technology.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Distant Super-Earth Exoplanet Has A Climate Perfect For Simple Life.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Telecommunications: Charges for Itemized Cellular Telephone Bills. RCED-93-214FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Narang, Setika. 2013. “Use of Technology to Reduce the Occurrence of Medication Errors in a U.S. Hospital: A Project Report.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. 2017. “Win Doesn’t Quiet Talk Over a Suspicious Loss.” New York Times, September 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Sardar 2007; Barley 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Srokosz and Bryden 2015)
  • Three authors: (Mayberry, Lock, and Kazmi 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nakamura et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Planning and Technology
AbbreviationTransp. Plan. Technol.
ISSN (print)0308-1060
ISSN (online)1029-0354
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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