How to format your references using the Transportation Planning and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Planning and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bosch, X. 2000. “Spanish Postgrads Push for Better Employment Rights.” Nature 405 (6788): 723.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegerl, Gabi, and Peter Stott. 2014. “Atmospheric Science. From Past to Future Warming.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6173): 844–845.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor, Graham K., Robert L. Nudds, and Adrian L. R. Thomas. 2003. “Flying and Swimming Animals Cruise at a Strouhal Number Tuned for High Power Efficiency.” Nature 425 (6959): 707–711.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
D’Ardenne, Kimberlee, Samuel M. McClure, Leigh E. Nystrom, and Jonathan D. Cohen. 2008. “BOLD Responses Reflecting Dopaminergic Signals in the Human Ventral Tegmental Area.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5867): 1264–1267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor, Michael J. 2011. Porous Silicon in Practice. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
lisahunter. 2013. Participatory Activist Research in the Globalised World: Social Change Through the Cultural Professions. Edited by Elke Emerald and Gregory Martin. Vol. 26. Explorations of Educational Purpose. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yi, Hu, and Xin Tian. 2010. “A Study to Neuron Ensemble of Cognitive Cortex ISI Coding Represent Stimulus.” In Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2010: 7th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2010, Shanghai, China, June 6-9, 2010, Proceedings, Part I, edited by Liqing Zhang, Bao-Liang Lu, and James Kwok, 27–32. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Planning and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Introducing Graphene’s Younger Cousin: Stanene.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Assigning Air Traffic Control Costs to Users: Elements of FAA’s Methodology Are Generally Consistent with Standards but Certain Assumptions and Methods Need Additional Support. GAO-08-76. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, Jill Marie. 2010. “Transitional Age Youth—a Program Expansion to Enhance Existing Services in Sonoma County: A Grant-Writing Project.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2011. “Peter Mullen, Power at a Leading Law Firm, Dies at 83.” New York Times, October 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bosch 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bosch 2000; Hegerl and Stott 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegerl and Stott 2014)
  • Three authors: (Taylor, Nudds, and Thomas 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (D’Ardenne et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Planning and Technology
AbbreviationTransp. Plan. Technol.
ISSN (print)0308-1060
ISSN (online)1029-0354
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

Other styles