How to format your references using the Transportation Planning and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Planning and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, Desmond. 2009. “Misadventures in the Burgess Shale.” Nature 460 (7258): 952–953.
A journal article with 2 authors
Destexhe, Alain, and Diego Contreras. 2006. “Neuronal Computations with Stochastic Network States.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5796): 85–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bannani, Amin, Christian Bobisch, and Rolf Möller. 2007. “Ballistic Electron Microscopy of Individual Molecules.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5820): 1824–1828.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zuev, Peter S., Robert S. Sheridan, Titus V. Albu, Donald G. Truhlar, David A. Hrovat, and Weston Thatcher Borden. 2003. “Carbon Tunneling from a Single Quantum State.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5608): 867–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fanchi, John R. 2006. Math Refresher for Scientists and Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Selly, Dominic. 2006. Expert ASP.NET 2.0: Advanced Application Design. Edited by Andrew Troelsen and Tom Barnaby. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Govorov, Alexander, Pedro Ludwig Hernández Martínez, and Hilmi Volkan Demir. 2016. “Background Theory.” In Understanding and Modeling Förster-Type Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET): Introduction to FRET, Vol. 1, edited by Pedro Ludwig Hernández Martínez and Hilmi Volkan Demir, 29–40. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Planning and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Nineteen Species of Praying Mantis Discovered.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Guaranteed Student Loans: Potential Default and Cost Reduction Options. HRD-88-52BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wong, Andrea N. 2013. “The Model Minority at Risk: Barriers to Mental Health Access for Chinese Americans.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2015. “Yuri Afanasyev, Ex-Communist Scholar, Dies at 81.” New York Times, October 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Collins 2009; Destexhe and Contreras 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Destexhe and Contreras 2006)
  • Three authors: (Bannani, Bobisch, and Möller 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zuev et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Planning and Technology
AbbreviationTransp. Plan. Technol.
ISSN (print)0308-1060
ISSN (online)1029-0354
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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