How to format your references using the Transportation Planning and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Planning and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oullier, Olivier. 2012. “Clear up This Fuzzy Thinking on Brain Scans.” Nature 483 (7387): 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shi, Cheng, and Coleen T. Murphy. 2014. “Mating Induces Shrinking and Death in Caenorhabditis Mothers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6170): 536–540.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cello, Jeronimo, Aniko V. Paul, and Eckard Wimmer. 2002. “Chemical Synthesis of Poliovirus CDNA: Generation of Infectious Virus in the Absence of Natural Template.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5583): 1016–1018.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nakayama, Yuri, Peter J. Pauzauskie, Aleksandra Radenovic, Robert M. Onorato, Richard J. Saykally, Jan Liphardt, and Peidong Yang. 2007. “Tunable Nanowire Nonlinear Optical Probe.” Nature 447 (7148): 1098–1101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Recho, Naman. 2012. Fracture Mechanics and Crack Growth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Varotsos, Panayiotis A. 2011. Natural Time Analysis: The New View of Time: Precursory Seismic Electric Signals, Earthquakes and Other Complex Time Series. Edited by Nicholas V. Sarlis and Efthimios S. Skordas. Springer Praxis Books. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki, Takahisa, Tetsuro Kobayashi, and Jeffrey Boase. 2016. “Political Conversations as Civic Engagement: Examining Patterns from Mobile Communication Logs in Japan.” In Mobile Media, Political Participation, and Civic Activism in Asia: Private Chat to Public Communication, edited by Ran Wei, 57–79. Mobile Communication in Asia: Local Insights, Global Implications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Planning and Technology.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Your Brain Might Multitask By Heightening One Sense While Dampening Another.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. NASA: Assessments of Major Projects. GAO-16-309SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, John. 2017. “Mississippian Space and Place: A Geographical Study of Archaeological Site Data in the American Bottom.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “The Mets Find Progress, And Hope for Montero, In a Sweep of the Giants.” New York Times, June 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Oullier 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Oullier 2012; Shi and Murphy 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shi and Murphy 2014)
  • Three authors: (Cello, Paul, and Wimmer 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nakayama et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Planning and Technology
AbbreviationTransp. Plan. Technol.
ISSN (print)0308-1060
ISSN (online)1029-0354
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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