How to format your references using the Transportation Planning and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Planning and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gotta, Monica. 2010. “Journal Club. A Cell Biologist Connects Her Research to Bacterial Brain Invasion.” Nature 463 (7278): 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jackson, Stephen T., and Richard J. Hobbs. 2009. “Ecological Restoration in the Light of Ecological History.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5940): 567–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pronin, Sergey V., Christopher A. Reiher, and Ryan A. Shenvi. 2013. “Stereoinversion of Tertiary Alcohols to Tertiary-Alkyl Isonitriles and Amines.” Nature 501 (7466): 195–199.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nielsen, Søren B., Erik Thomsen, David L. Hansen, and Ole R. Clausen. 2005. “Plate-Wide Stress Relaxation Explains European Palaeocene Basin Inversions.” Nature 435 (7039): 195–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamattina, John L. 2012. Devalued and Distrusted. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Takeda, Kazuya, John H. L. Hansen, Hakan Erdoğan, and Hüseyin Abut, eds. 2009. In-Vehicle Corpus and Signal Processing for Driver Behavior. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Hart, William E., Carl Laird, Jean-Paul Watson, and David L. Woodruff. 2012. “Model Components: Sets and Parameters.” In Pyomo – Optimization Modeling in Python, edited by Carl Laird, Jean-Paul Watson, and David L. Woodruff, 43–55. Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Planning and Technology.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. “This Fully-Automated Medical Machine Can Perform Surgery 50X Faster Than Surgeons.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Tax Policy: Uncertain Impact of Repealing the Deferral for Reinvested Shipping Income. GGD-90-35. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ndiaye, Ousmane. 2010. “The Predictability of the Sahelian Climate: Seasonal Sahel Rainfall and Onset over Senegal.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnard, Anne. 2017. “Russia Says Deal Will Bar Americans From Flying in Most of Syria’s Airspace.” New York Times, May 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gotta 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gotta 2010; Jackson and Hobbs 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jackson and Hobbs 2009)
  • Three authors: (Pronin, Reiher, and Shenvi 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nielsen et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Planning and Technology
AbbreviationTransp. Plan. Technol.
ISSN (print)0308-1060
ISSN (online)1029-0354
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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