How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science (JAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. 2002. Power vacuum expands as CDC director resigns. Nature. 415:946.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahlund, M., and M. Andersson. 2001. Female ducks can double their reproduction. Nature. 414:600–601.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stern, M., V. Umansky, and I. Bar-Joseph. 2014. Exciton liquid in coupled quantum wells. Science. 343:55–57.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Nara, H., H. Tanimoto, Y. Tohjima, H. Mukai, Y. Nojiri, and T. Machida. 2014. Emissions of methane from offshore oil and gas platforms in Southeast Asia. Sci. Rep. 4:6503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I., and J. W. Hardin. 2006. Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pawankar, R., S. T. Holgate, and L. J. Rosenwasser, eds. 2010. Allergy Frontiers: Therapy and Prevention. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Hazzan, O., and Y. Dubinsky. 2014. Team. In: Y. Dubinsky, editor. Agile Anywhere: Essays on Agile Projects and Beyond. Springer International Publishing, Cham. p. 21–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015. Fracking Chemicals Discovered In Drinking Water. IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. High Speed Passenger Rail: Future Development Will Depend on Addressing Financial and Other Challenges and Establishing a Clear Federal Role. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krug, K. A. 2009. Critical literacy in the face of a mandated curriculum: Can children read beyond the text? [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E. 2016. Doctor Is Charged in Death After an Abortion. New York Times. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Ahlund and Andersson, 2001; Wadman, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahlund and Andersson, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Nara et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8812
ISSN (online)1525-3163
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
General Medicine

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