How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science (JAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waychunas, G. A. 2014. Interfacial chemistry. Disrupting dissolving ions at surfaces with fluid flow. Science. 344:1094–1095.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kepinski, S., and O. Leyser. 2005. The Arabidopsis F-box protein TIR1 is an auxin receptor. Nature. 435:446–451.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parr, B. T., C. Economou, and S. B. Herzon. 2015. A concise synthesis of (+)-batzelladine B from simple pyrrole-based starting materials. Nature. 525:507–510.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Matheu, A., A. Maraver, P. Klatt, I. Flores, I. Garcia-Cao, C. Borras, J. M. Flores, J. Viña, M. A. Blasco, and M. Serrano. 2007. Delayed ageing through damage protection by the Arf/p53 pathway. Nature. 448:375–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lau, J. Y. F. 2011. An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cokkinos, D. V., C. Pantos, G. Heusch, and H. Taegtmeyer, eds. 2006. Myocardial Ischemia: From mechanisms to therapeutic potentials. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Węgliński, T., and A. Fabijańska. 2014. Enhancement of Low-Dose CT Brain Scans Using Graph-Based Anisotropic Interpolation. In: R. S. Choras, editor. Image Processing and Communications Challenges 5. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg. p. 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Rare Genus Of Plants Named After Sir David Attenborough. IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: Slower Than Expected Progress in Software Testing May Limit Initial Warfighting Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doddick, S. 2012. Noncontact 2D Plethysmography: A non-invasive technique for monitoring dynamic trends in a respiratory system [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. 2005. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Foreign Interference Condemned. New York Times. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Waychunas, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kepinski and Leyser, 2005; Waychunas, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kepinski and Leyser, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Matheu et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8812
ISSN (online)1525-3163
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
General Medicine

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