How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science (JAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, J. 2014. Population history: Human melting pots in Southeast Asia. Nature. 512:262–263.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heilbron, J. L., and W. F. Bynum. 2003. 1903 and all that. Nature. 421:15–18.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cicerone, R. J., M. J. Molina, and D. R. Blake. 2012. Retrospective. F. Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012). Science. 336:170.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Seneviratne, S. I., D. Lüthi, M. Litschi, and C. Schär. 2006. Land-atmosphere coupling and climate change in Europe. Nature. 443:205–209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiesmann, U., I. S. Choi, and E.-M. Dombrowski. 2006. Fundamentals of Biological Wastewater Treatment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Martens, E. S. J. 2008. High-Level Modeling and Synthesis of Analog Integrated Systems. (G. G. E. Gielen, editor.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hart, S. G. E. 2006. Safety Pharmacology of Drugs for the Urinary Tract. In: H. G. Vogel, F. J. Hock, J. Maas, and D. Mayer, editors. Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. p. 95–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Deep Sea Explorers Stumble Upon A Creature They Can Hardly Believe Is Real. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Aviation Security: Progress Being Made, but Long-term Attention Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Betts, K. 2017. Ready, Steady, Putt! An Exhibition About the History of Miniature Golf in America [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hennessey, S. 2017. Did Trump Violate His Oath of Office? New York Times. A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Heilbron and Bynum, 2003; Diamond, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heilbron and Bynum, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Seneviratne et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8812
ISSN (online)1525-3163
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
General Medicine

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