How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science (JAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vogel, G. 2000. GENOMICS: Sanger Will Sequence Zebrafish Genome. Science. 290:1671b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kang, D.-Y., and J. H. Moon. 2014. Lithographically defined three-dimensional pore-patterned carbon with nitrogen doping for high-performance ultrathin supercapacitor applications. Sci. Rep. 4:5392.
A journal article with 3 authors
Makarieva, A. M., V. G. Gorshkov, and B.-L. Li. 2009. Comment on “Energy uptake and allocation during ontogeny.” Science. 325:1206; author reply 1206.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Capoccioni, F., C. Costa, E. Canali, J. Aguzzi, F. Antonucci, S. Ragonese, and M. L. Bianchini. 2014. The potential reproductive contribution of Mediterranean migrating eels to the Anguilla anguilla stock. Sci. Rep. 4:7188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tavakoli, J. M. 2008. Structured Finance and Collateralized Debt Obligations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ryabko, B. 2016. Compression-Based Methods of Statistical Analysis and Prediction of Time Series. (J. Astola and M. Malyutov, editors.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mkomwa, S., P. Kaumbutho, and P. Makungu. 2015. Farm Machinery for Conservation Agriculture. In: M. Farooq and K. H. M. Siddique, editors. Conservation Agriculture. Springer International Publishing, Cham. p. 109–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Interstellar Gives a Spectacular View of Hard Science. IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Customs Service Modernization: ACE Poses Risks and Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huynh, T. N. 2015. The healthy eating, aging and living program for older adults at union station homeless services: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. 2015. Designing a Lasting Partnership. New York Times. ST13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vogel, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Vogel, 2000; Kang and Moon, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kang and Moon, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Capoccioni et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8812
ISSN (online)1525-3163
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
General Medicine

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