How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science (JAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Menaker, M. 2003. Circadian rhythms. Circadian photoreception. Science. 299:213–214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruokolainen, K., and H. Tuomisto. 2002. Beta-diversity in tropical forests. Science. 297:1439; discussion 1439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deng, L., Z.-P. Shangguan, and S. Sweeney. 2014. “Grain for Green” driven land use change and carbon sequestration on the Loess Plateau, China. Sci. Rep. 4:7039.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Yamane, Y., S. Hemmatiyan, J. Ieda, S. Maekawa, and J. Sinova. 2014. Spinmotive force due to motion of magnetic bubble arrays driven by magnetic field gradient. Sci. Rep. 4:6901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hersent, O., J.-P. Petit, and D. Gurle. 2005. Beyond VoIP Protocols. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bunin, B. A. 2007. Chemoinformatics: Theory, Practice, & Products. (B. Siesel, G. A. Morales, and J. Bajorath, editors.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Weiner, G. J. 2014. Activation of NK Cell Responses and Immunotherapy of Cancer. In: J. Rosenblatt, E. R. Podack, G. N. Barber, and A. Ochoa, editors. Advances in Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy. Springer, New York, NY. p. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. World’s Second Breeding Population Of Critically Endangered Indochinese Tigers Discovered. IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Air Traffic Control: Timely Completion of FAA’s Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System Software Is at Risk. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, Y. 2005. Studies on Error Control of 3-D Zerotree Wavelet Video Streaming [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smale, A., and S. Erlanger. 2017. Wary of Trump, Merkel Doubts U.S. Is Solid Ally. New York Times. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Menaker, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ruokolainen and Tuomisto, 2002; Menaker, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruokolainen and Tuomisto, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamane et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8812
ISSN (online)1525-3163
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
General Medicine

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