How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science (JAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Teich, A. H. 2000. Data for an election year. Science. 289:1878b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jenuwein, T., and C. D. Allis. 2001. Translating the histone code. Science. 293:1074–1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mavrodiev, P., C. J. Tessone, and F. Schweitzer. 2013. Quantifying the effects of social influence. Sci. Rep. 3:1360.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Steppan, C. M., S. T. Bailey, S. Bhat, E. J. Brown, R. R. Banerjee, C. M. Wright, H. R. Patel, R. S. Ahima, and M. A. Lazar. 2001. The hormone resistin links obesity to diabetes. Nature. 409:307–312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cabaniss, D. L., S. Cherry, C. J. Douglas, R. L. Graver, and A. R. Schwartz. 2013. Psychodynamic Formulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Šunjić, V. 2016. Organic Chemistry from Retrosynthesis to Asymmetric Synthesis. (V. Petrović Peroković, editor.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mosha, R. S. 2009. The Spiritual Aspects of an International Adult Education Program. In: G. I. E. Strohschen, editor. Handbook of Blended Shore Education: Adult Program Development and Delivery. Springer US, Boston, MA. p. 71–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. 800-Pound Stingray Is One Of The Largest Freshwater Fish Ever Recorded. IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Social Security Administration: Subcommittee Questions Concerning Information Technology Challenges Facing the Commissioner. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela, J. 2014. Medicare advantage’s population make-up and its impact on the future of Medicare financing [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. 2017. They Exposed a Scandal, But Merited Just a Footnote. New York Times. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Teich, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Teich, 2000; Jenuwein and Allis, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jenuwein and Allis, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Steppan et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8812
ISSN (online)1525-3163
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
General Medicine

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