How to format your references using the Journal of the American Water Resources Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D., 2005. Nuts and Bolts. Nature 433:554.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walton, G.M. and G.L. Cohen, 2011. A Brief Social-Belonging Intervention Improves Academic and Health Outcomes of Minority Students. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331:1447–1451.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tarduno, J.A., R.D. Cottrell, and A.V. Smirnov, 2001. High Geomagnetic Intensity during the Mid-Cretaceous from Thellier Analyses of Single Plagioclase Crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 291:1779–1783.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dacke, M., D.-E. Nilsson, C.H. Scholtz, M. Byrne, and E.J. Warrant, 2003. Animal Behaviour: Insect Orientation to Polarized Moonlight. Nature 424:33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gavin, H. and T. Porter, 2014. Female Aggression. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ausiello, G. and R. Petreschi (Editors)., 2013. The Power of Algorithms: Inspiration and Examples in Everyday Life. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aliyev, L.A., 2005. Distribution of Heavy Metals in the Soil of Industrial Zones of Apsheron Peninsula. M. K. Zaidi and I. Mustafaev (Editors). Radiation Safety Problems in the Caspian Region,Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 17–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Water Resources Association.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. For A Predator-Free Life, Avoid The Tropics. IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Community Colleges: New Federal Research Center May Enhance Current Understanding of Developmental Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendoza-Williams, J., 2015. Road to Success: The Experiences of Academically Successful Graduation-Bound African American Males. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S., 2017. Make Everyone Take the SAT or ACT. And Make It Free. New York Times:BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Koen, 2005; Walton and Cohen, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walton and Cohen, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Dacke et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Water Resources Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Water Resour. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1093-474X
ISSN (online)1752-1688
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Water Science and Technology

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