How to format your references using the Journal of the American Water Resources Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Asplund, M., 2005. Astronomy. A Stellar Swan-Song. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308:210–211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheung, A.Y. and M. Wu H, 2001. Plant Biology. Pollen Tube Guidance--Right on Target. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293:1441–1442.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoffecker, J.F., S.A. Elias, and D.H. O’Rourke, 2014. Anthropology. Out of Beringia? Science (New York, N.Y.) 343:979–980.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liao, H.-I., D.-A. Wu, N. Halelamien, and S. Shimojo, 2013. Cortical Stimulation Consolidates and Reactivates Visual Experience: Neural Plasticity from Magnetic Entrainment of Visual Activity. Scientific Reports 3:2228.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Institute of Management and Administration (IOMA), 2012. Cost Reduction and Control Best Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Krishnamurthy, V., Q. Zhao, M. Huang, and Y. Wen (Editors)., 2012. Game Theory for Networks: Third International ICST Conference, GameNets 2012, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 24-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, X., X. Yang, and Q. Li, 2015. The Data Envelopment Analysis of Eco-Efficiency in Western China from 2000 to 2010. M. Li, Q. Zhang, R. Zhang, and X. Shi (Editors). Proceedings of 2014 1st International Conference on Industrial Economics and Industrial Security. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Water Resources Association.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. What Would Happen If You Were Punched By Superman? IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. OPM Retirement Modernization: Progress Has Been Hindered by Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurica, M.L., 2012. Napping in the Workplace as an Invisible Stigma: The Moderating Roles of Raters’ Nap Habit, Work Ethic, and Organizational Policy. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2016. A Blind Man Leans on His Faith as a Source of Encouragement. New York Times:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Asplund, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Asplund, 2005; Cheung and Wu H, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheung and Wu H, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Liao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Water Resources Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Water Resour. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1093-474X
ISSN (online)1752-1688
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Water Science and Technology

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