# How to format your references using the Journal of the American Water Resources Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shields, A., 2002. Quantum Optics. Quantum Logic with Light, Glass, and Mirrors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297:1821–1822.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasare, C. and R. Medzhitov, 2003. Toll Pathway-Dependent Blockade of CD4+CD25+ T Cell-Mediated Suppression by Dendritic Cells. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299:1033–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weng, J.-K., R.N. Philippe, and J.P. Noel, 2012. The Rise of Chemodiversity in Plants. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336:1667–1670.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cardillo, A., J. Gómez-Gardeñes, M. Zanin, M. Romance, D. Papo, F. del Pozo, and S. Boccaletti, 2013. Emergence of Network Features from Multiplexity. Scientific Reports 3:1344.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benchaib, A., 2015. Advanced Control of AC/DC Power Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kogut, P.I., 2011. Optimal Control Problems for Partial Differential Equations on Reticulated Domains: Approximation and Asymptotic Analysis G. R. Leugering (Editor). Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Asano, T., D. Kirkpatrick, K. Nakagawa, and O. Watanabe, 2014. $\widetilde{O}(\sqrt{n})$ -Space and Polynomial-Time Algorithm for Planar Directed Graph Reachability. E. Csuhaj-Varjú, M. Dietzfelbinger, and Z. Ésik (Editors). Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2014: 39th International Symposium, MFCS 2014, Budapest, Hungary, August 25-29, 2014. Proceedings, Part II,Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–56.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Water Resources Association.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Exposure To Stress As A Child Can Permanently Affect Your DNA. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/exposure-stress-child-can-permanently-affect-your-dna/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Batteries and Energy Storage: Federal Initiatives Supported Similar Technologies and Goals but Had Key Differences. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibson, J.J., 2017. An Assessment of Factors Relating to High School Students’ Science Self-Efficacy. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Super Bowl Champion Jets Ignited A Sporting Revival in the Big Town. New York Times:SP3.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Faber, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Stone, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

• Two authors: (Pasare and Medzhitov, 2003)
• Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)