How to format your references using the Journal of the American Water Resources Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perez, D.R., 2012. Public Health and Biosecurity. H5N1 Debates: Hung up on the Wrong Questions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335:799–801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teotónio, H. and M.R. Rose, 2000. Variation in the Reversibility of Evolution. Nature 408:463–466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellison, C.R.W., M.R. Chapman, and I.R. Hall, 2006. Surface and Deep Ocean Interactions during the Cold Climate Event 8200 Years Ago. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312:1929–1932.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cohen, L.J., D. Esterhazy, S.-H. Kim, C. Lemetre, R.R. Aguilar, E.A. Gordon, A.J. Pickard, J.R. Cross, A.B. Emiliano, S.M. Han, J. Chu, X. Vila-Farres, J. Kaplitt, A. Rogoz, P.Y. Calle, C. Hunter, J.K. Bitok, and S.F. Brady, 2018. Corrigendum: Commensal Bacteria Make GPCR Ligands That Mimic Human Signalling Molecules. Nature 556:135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackevičius, V., 2011. Introduction to Stochastic Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Stahl, U., U.E.B. Donalies, and E. Nevoigt (Editors)., 2008. Food Biotechnology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Newborough, J. and S. Stepney, 2005. A Generic Framework for Population-Based Algorithms, Implemented on Multiple FPGAs. C. Jacob, M. L. Pilat, P. J. Bentley, and J. I. Timmis (Editors). Artificial Immune Systems: 4th International Conference, ICARIS 2005, Banff, Alberta, Canada, August 14-17, 2005. Proceedings,Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Water Resources Association.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. This Is What It Would Look Like If A Huge Asteroid Hit The Earth. IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. TV Marti: Costs and Compliance With Broadcast Standards and International Agreements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdioux, L., 2015. Predicting Deception Detection Ability Based on the Concept of Self-Compassionate Personality Trait, Openness Personality Structure, and Agreeableness Personality Structure. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mackay, I.P., 1936. An Arraignment. New York Times:BOOKS20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perez, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Perez, 2012; Teotónio and Rose, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teotónio and Rose, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Cohen et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Water Resources Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Water Resour. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1093-474X
ISSN (online)1752-1688
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Water Science and Technology

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