How to format your references using the Journal of the American Water Resources Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg, E.P., 2003. Bacterial Communication: Tiny Teamwork. Nature 424:134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, T.W. and T.P. Sakmar, 2011. Structural Biology: Snapshot of a Signalling Complex. Nature 477:540–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamada, T., A. Dautry, and M. Walport, 2008. Ready for Avian Flu? Nature 454:162.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Y., Z. Zhou, C.R. Cabrera, and Z. Chen, 2013. Preserving the Edge Magnetism of Zigzag Graphene Nanoribbons by Ethylene Termination: Insight by Clar’s Rule. Scientific Reports 3:2030.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming, D., 2010. Private Equity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Calcagnini, G. and I. Favaretto (Editors)., 2012. Small Businesses in the Aftermath of the Crisis: International Analyses and Policies. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivasan, S. and M.Z. Saghir, 2013. CFD Studies in Thermodiffusion. M. Z. Saghir (Editor). Thermodiffusion in Multicomponent Mixtures: Thermodynamic, Algebraic, and Neuro-Computing Models,SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Water Resources Association.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Woman Gives Birth After Having Frozen Ovarian Tissue Re-Implanted In UK First. IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Federal Research: Assessment of Small Business Innovation Research Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katz, R.L., 2014. Graduate Nursing Students’ Perceptions Regarding Caring for Patients with HIV. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A Measure Of Progress And Limits For Women. New York Times:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenberg, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Greenberg, 2003; Schwartz and Sakmar, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwartz and Sakmar, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Water Resources Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Water Resour. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1093-474X
ISSN (online)1752-1688
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Water Science and Technology

Other styles