How to format your references using the Transportation Geotechnics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Geotechnics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Wodarz D. Mechanisms underlying antigen-specific CD8+ T cell homeostasis. Science 2001;292:595.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Cowan CA, Henkemeyer M. The SH2/SH3 adaptor Grb4 transduces B-ephrin reverse signals. Nature 2001;413:174–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Pawlowski B, Dunbar RI, Lipowicz A. Tall men have more reproductive success. Nature 2000;403:156.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Duan X, Niu C, Sahi V, Chen J, Parce JW, Empedocles S, et al. High-performance thin-film transistors using semiconductor nanowires and nanoribbons. Nature 2003;425:274–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Guinot V. Wave Propagation in Fluids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Barahona P, Bry F, Franconi E, Henze N, Sattler U, editors. Reasoning Web: Second International Summer School 2006, Lisbon, Portugal, September 4-8, 2006, Tutorial Lectures. vol. 4126. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Stenbacka S. “The Rural” Intervening in the Lives of Internal and International Migrants: Migrants, Biographies and Translocal Practices. In: Hedberg C, do Carmo RM, editors. Translocal Ruralism: Mobility and Connectivity in European Rural Spaces, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Geotechnics.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Long-Term Study Finds The Hearts Of Women And Men Age Differently. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Some Coordination Efforts Among Programs Providing Transportation Services, but Obstacles Persist. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Frisbee KL. The impact of mobile health (mhealth) technology on family caregiver’s burden levels and an assessment of variations in mhealth tool use. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. Settlement Money Patched Nassau County Budget Gaps. New York Times 2012:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Geotechnics
ISSN (print)2214-3912
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Civil and Structural Engineering
Transportation

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