How to format your references using the Transportation Geotechnics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Geotechnics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bottjer DJ. Geochemistry. Life in the Early Triassic ocean. Science 2012;338:336–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Li X, Yang Y. A novel perspective on seed yield of broad bean (Vicia faba L.): differences resulting from pod characteristics. Sci Rep 2014;4:6859.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Osta MA, Christophides GK, Kafatos FC. Effects of mosquito genes on Plasmodium development. Science 2004;303:2030–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Burns SJ, Fleitmann D, Matter A, Kramers J, Al-Subbary AA. Indian Ocean climate and an absolute chronology over Dansgaard/Oeschger events 9 to 13. Science 2003;301:1365–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Saunders A, Allen L. Credit Risk Management in and Out of the Financial Crisis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Loorbach D, Wittmayer JM, Shiroyama H, Fujino J, Mizuguchi S, editors. Governance of Urban Sustainability Transitions: European and Asian Experiences. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Offermanns H, Schulz K, Brandes E, Schendler T. Substance Properties of Methanol. In: Bertau M, Offermanns H, Plass L, Schmidt F, Wernicke H-J, editors. Methanol: The Basic Chemical and Energy Feedstock of the Future: Asinger’s Vision Today, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 303–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Geotechnics.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Early Diverging Group of Humans Survived Until 2,300 Years Ago. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Protection: Bibliography of GAO Documents, August 1988-April 1990. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kim H. Empathy in the Early Childhood Classroom: Exploring Teachers’ Perceptions, Understanding and Practices. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) LG. National Briefing | Washington: Chunk Of Marble Falls From Supreme Court. New York Times 2005:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Geotechnics
ISSN (print)2214-3912
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Civil and Structural Engineering
Transportation

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