How to format your references using the European Journal of Oral Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oral Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lake JA. Disappearing act. Nature. 2007 Apr 26;446(7139):983.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kind R, Yuan X. Geophysics. Seismic images of the biggest crash on Earth. Science. 2010 Sep 17;329(5998):1479–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jin Z, Li P, Xiao D. Enhanced electrocatalytic performance for oxygen reduction via active interfaces of layer-by-layered titanium nitride/titanium carbonitride structures. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 22;4:6712.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhang J, Childress S, Libchaber A, Shelley M. Flexible filaments in a flowing soap film as a model for one-dimensional flags in a two-dimensional wind. Nature. 2000 Dec 14;408(6814):835–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vento JJ. Financial Independence (Getting to Point X ). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Brazier FMT, Nieuwenhuis K, Pavlin G, Warnier M, Badica C, editors. Intelligent Distributed Computing V: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2011, Delft, The Netherlands – October 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XVI, 320 p. (Studies in Computational Intelligence; vol. 382).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Budd AF, Klaus JS. Early Evolution of the Montastraea “annularis” Species Complex (Anthozoa: Scleractinia): Evidence from the Mio-Pliocene of the Dominican Republic. In: Nehm RH, Budd AF, editors. Evolutionary Stasis and Change in the Dominican Republic Neogene. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 85–123. (Aims and Scope Topics in Geobiology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oral Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Does Publication Bias Make Antidepressants Seem More Effective At Treating Anxiety Than They Really Are? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Opportunities for Improving Acquisitions and Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Apr. Report No.: GAO-17-251SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Warren JS. Trust in immediate supervisor, trust in top management, organizational trust precursors: Predictors of organizational effectiveness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B. The Image Is Fixed, but Our Lives Are in Flux. New York Times. 2016 Mar 24;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,1).
This sentence cites four references (1,1,1,1).

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Oral Sci.
ISSN (print)0909-8836
ISSN (online)1600-0722
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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