How to format your references using the European Journal of Oral Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oral Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Magistretti PJ. Neuroscience. Low-cost travel in neurons. Science. 2009 Sep 11;325(5946):1349–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni SJ, Stingl U. Molecular diversity and ecology of microbial plankton. Nature. 2005 Sep 15;437(7057):343–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wei B, Dai M, Yin P. Complex shapes self-assembled from single-stranded DNA tiles. Nature. 2012 May 30;485(7400):623–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhong J, Liu W, Kong L, Morais PC. A new approach for highly accurate, remote temperature probing using magnetic nanoparticles. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 15;4:6338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port M. Beyond Booked Solid. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Kochetov Y, Khachay M, Beresnev V, Nurminski E, Pardalos P, editors. Discrete Optimization and Operations Research: 9th International Conference, DOOR 2016, Vladivostok, Russia, September 19-23, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXVI, 586 p. 58 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9869).
A chapter in an edited book
Nova R. Mechanical Behaviour and Properties. In: Kourkoulis SK, editor. Fracture and Failure of Natural Building Stones: Applications in the Restoration of Ancient Monuments. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 55–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oral Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Develop Beer That Doesn’t Give You A Hangover. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. European Aeronautics: Strong Government Presence in Industry Structure and Research and Development Support. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-94-71.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu G. Religious/spiritual beliefs and practices of Asian/Asian American mental health professionals & students and the impact on treatment [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Elections Could Shift Power in Nassau. New York Times. 2007 Nov 4;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Oral Sci.
ISSN (print)0909-8836
ISSN (online)1600-0722
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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