How to format your references using the European Journal of Oral Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oral Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Blázquez MA. Plant science. The right time and place for making flowers. Science. 2005 Aug 12;309(5737):1024–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hughes R, Nordholt J. Physics. Refining quantum cryptography. Science. 2011 Sep 16;333(6049):1584–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
von Melchner L, Pallas SL, Sur M. Visual behaviour mediated by retinal projections directed to the auditory pathway. Nature. 2000 Apr 20;404(6780):871–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Garcia-Perez JL, Morell M, Scheys JO, Kulpa DA, Morell S, Carter CC, et al. Epigenetic silencing of engineered L1 retrotransposition events in human embryonic carcinoma cells. Nature. 2010 Aug 5;466(7307):769–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Verma JP. Sports Research with Analytical Solution Using SPSS®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Lewis D, Eysenbach G, Kukafka R, Stavri PZ, Jimison HB, editors. Consumer Health Informatics: Informing Consumers and Improving Health Care. New York, NY: Springer; 2005. XXII, 258 p. 28 illus. (Health Informatics).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Marin J-M, Robert CP. Capture–Recapture Experiments. In: Robert CP, editor. Bayesian Essentials with R. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 139–71. (Springer Texts in Statistics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oral Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Rats Get Ticklish When They’re Happy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/rats-get-ticklish-when-they-are-happy/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Agriculture’s Regulatory System Needs Clarification. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Mar. Report No.: RCED-86-59.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Emmerling-Baker D. A Qualitative Interpretive Phenomenological Study of K5 Teacher Perceptions of Classroom Empathy Instruction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B. Saudi Arabia Detains Critics of Crown Prince. New York Times. 2017 Sep 14;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Oral Sci.
ISSN (print)0909-8836
ISSN (online)1600-0722
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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