How to format your references using the European Journal of Oral Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oral Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardt W-D. Antibiotics: Homed to the hideout. Nature. 2015 Nov 19;527(7578):309–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reyes CL, Chang G. Structure of the ABC transporter MsbA in complex with ADP.vanadate and lipopolysaccharide. Science. 2005 May 13;308(5724):1028–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Frebel A, Kirby EN, Simon JD. Linking dwarf galaxies to halo building blocks with the most metal-poor star in Sculptor. Nature. 2010 Mar 4;464(7285):72–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Suzuki T, Hasan Z, Funahashi Y, Yamaguchi T, Fujishiro Y, Awano M. Impact of anode microstructure on solid oxide fuel cells. Science. 2009 Aug 14;325(5942):852–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson RC. The Hedge Fund Book. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Bull R, editor. Investigative Interviewing. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. XIX, 245 p. 6 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Serra HA de A, Paulino N. Non-Ideal Effects. In: Paulino N, editor. Design of Switched-Capacitor Filter Circuits using Low Gain Amplifiers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 29–62. (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oral Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Study Sheds Light On The Origin Of Dolphins. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Rail Security: Some Actions Taken to Enhance Passenger and Freight Rail Security, but Significant Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Mar. Report No.: GAO-04-598T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai J. Development and validation of the acculturative stress scale for Chinese College Students in the United States (ASSCS) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Business Briefing | Europe: Russia: Smart Thieves Fail To Outwit Police. New York Times. 2002 Nov 21;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Oral Sci.
ISSN (print)0909-8836
ISSN (online)1600-0722
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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