How to format your references using the European Journal of Oral Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oral Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zrenner E. Will retinal implants restore vision? Science. 2002 Feb 8;295(5557):1022–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu C-Y, Bard AJ. Pressure-induced insulator conductor transition in a photoconducting organic liquid-crystal film. Nature. 2002 Jul 11;418(6894):162–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu N, Ji A, Cao Z. Nearly constant electrical resistance over large temperature range in Cu3NMx (M = Cu, Ag, Au) compounds. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 30;3:3090.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gielen M, Siegler Retchless B, Mony L, Johnson JW, Paoletti P. Mechanism of differential control of NMDA receptor activity by NR2 subunits. Nature. 2009 Jun 4;459(7247):703–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty RA. Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Paha J, editor. Competition Law Compliance Programmes: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. VIII, 241 p. 5 illus., 1 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaneko Y. Modeling and Simulation. In: Kondo K, Akolkar RN, Barkey DP, Yokoi M, editors. Copper Electrodeposition for Nanofabrication of Electronics Devices. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 63–95. (Nanostructure Science and Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oral Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Dusky Dottyback, A Master Of Disguise In The Animal World [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill in Oregon. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jul. Report No.: 092275.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilbert C. Factors Associated With Dietetic Interns’ Knowledge of Sodium and the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved J. Bottoms Up: It’s Her Brand. New York Times. 2016 Oct 6;D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Oral Sci.
ISSN (print)0909-8836
ISSN (online)1600-0722
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles