How to format your references using the European Journal of Oral Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oral Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benabid AL. Neuroscience: spotlight on deep-brain stimulation. Nature. 2015 Mar 19;519(7543):299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perry B, Sones K. Science for development. Poverty reduction through animal health. Science. 2007 Jan 19;315(5810):333–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Valet JP, Meynadier L, Guyodo Y. Geomagnetic dipole strength and reversal rate over the past two million years. Nature. 2005 Jun 9;435(7043):802–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rümpker G, Ryberg T, Bock G, Desert Seismology Group. Boundary-layer mantle flow under the Dead Sea transform fault inferred from seismic anisotropy. Nature. 2003 Oct 2;425(6957):497–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau J. The Last Caudillo. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Hayashi N. Asymptotics for Dissipative Nonlinear Equations. Naumkin PI, Kaikina EI, Shishmarev IA, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XI, 557 p. (Lecture Notes in Mathematics; vol. 1884).
A chapter in an edited book
Chaudhary U, Zhu B, Godavarty A. Brain Connectivity Studies of Joint Attention Using Frequency-Domain Diffuse Optical Imaging. In: McGoron AJ, Li CZ, Lin WC, editors. 25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2009, 15 – 17 May 2009, Miami, Florida, USA. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 7–8. (Magjarevic R, editor. IFMBE Proceedings).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oral Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz S. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Squid Can Recode Their Own Genetics. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medicaid and Special Education: Coordination of Services for Children With Disabilities Is Evolving. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Dec. Report No.: HEHS-00-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fertig BM. Stable nitrogen isotopes (delta-nitrogen-15) in the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) as an indicator of nitrogen source [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Cozying Up To a Classic. New York Times. 2010 Oct 21;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Oral Sci.
ISSN (print)0909-8836
ISSN (online)1600-0722
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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