How to format your references using the Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elmegreen, B.G.: Astronomy. Dark matter in galactic collisional debris. Science. 316, 1132–1133 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Clapham, P.R., Lu, S.: Vaccinology: precisely tuned antibodies nab HIV. Nature. 477, 416–417 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Schneider, D.M., Nelson, A., Mooney, R.: A synaptic and circuit basis for corollary discharge in the auditory cortex. Nature. 513, 189–194 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kondo, T., Sawa, S., Kinoshita, A., Mizuno, S., Kakimoto, T., Fukuda, H., Sakagami, Y.: A plant peptide encoded by CLV3 identified by in situ MALDI-TOF MS analysis. Science. 313, 845–848 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eggleston, B.: The ICE Conditions of Contract: Seventh Edition. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK (2008)
An edited book
Hiai, F.: Introduction to Matrix Analysis and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens, P.J.J., Perret, J.K., Irawan, T., Yushkova, E.: The Methodology of the EIIW-vita Indicator. In: Perret, J.K., Irawan, T., and Yushkova, E. (eds.) Towards Global Sustainability: Issues, New Indicators and Economic Policy. pp. 57–75. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: A Melting Arctic Demands More – Not Less – Research On Earth Science


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA Aeronautics: Impact of Technology Transfer Activities Is Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burns, K.N.: Impact of Cognitive Tasks on Gait Parameters in Collegiate Athletes, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: Brookhaven Lab Avoids Cuts in Budget, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elmegreen 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Clapham and Lu 2011; Elmegreen 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clapham and Lu 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Kondo et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation
AbbreviationTransportation (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0049-4488
ISSN (online)1572-9435
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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