How to format your references using the Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mandavilli, A.: The coming epidemic. Nature. 436, 496–498 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Berkovits, B.D., Mayr, C.: Alternative 3’ UTRs act as scaffolds to regulate membrane protein localization. Nature. 522, 363–367 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Curtis, R., Groarke, A., Sullivan, F.: Stress and self-efficacy predict psychological adjustment at diagnosis of prostate cancer. Sci. Rep. 4, 5569 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Greenwood, R.C., Franchi, I.A., Jambon, A., Barrat, J.A., Burbine, T.H.: Oxygen isotope variation in stony-iron meteorites. Science. 313, 1763–1765 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estampe, D.: Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Rodrigues, F.: Pro SQL Server 2012 Integration Services. Apress, Berkeley, CA (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Askari, A., Mangwani, J.: Trauma and Orthopedic Emergencies. In: Shergill, I., Arya, M., Upile, T., Arya, N., and Dasgupta, P. (eds.) Surgical Emergencies in Clinical Practice. pp. 53–71. Springer, London (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: NASA Unveils New Mars Spacesuits,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Secret Service Has More Computer Capacity Than It Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1981)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, V.J.: A study of the perceptions of first-year teachers as prepared classroom teachers, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B.: The Drift, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mandavilli 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Berkovits and Mayr 2015; Mandavilli 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berkovits and Mayr 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Greenwood et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation
AbbreviationTransportation (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0049-4488
ISSN (online)1572-9435
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

Other styles