How to format your references using the Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernhardt, E.S.: Ecology. Cleaner lakes are dirtier lakes. Science. 342, 205–206 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Castanotto, D., Rossi, J.J.: The promises and pitfalls of RNA-interference-based therapeutics. Nature. 457, 426–433 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lenton, T.M., Schellnhuber, H.J., Szathmáry, E.: Climbing the co-evolution ladder. Nature. 431, 913 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van Praag, H., Schinder, A.F., Christie, B.R., Toni, N., Palmer, T.D., Gage, F.H.: Functional neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus. Nature. 415, 1030–1034 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, A.E.: Immunology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2011)
An edited book
Baglay, S., Nakache, D. eds: Immigration Regulation in Federal States: Challenges and Responses in Comparative Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Bächle, S., Härder, T.: The Real Performance Drivers behind XML Lock Protocols. In: Bhowmick, S.S., Küng, J., and Wagner, R. (eds.) Database and Expert Systems Applications: 20th International Conference, DEXA 2009, Linz, Austria, August 31 – September 4, 2009. Proceedings. pp. 38–52. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Mysterious Disease Causes Sea Stars To Disintegrate


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Certain Weaknesses in the Administration of the Neighborhood Youth Corps Out-of-School Project in Cleveland, Ohio. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1973)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hao, S.: An Introduction to Discrete Minimal Surfaces via the Enneper Surface, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herskovic, L.: Blunt Doctor Cures Headaches, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernhardt 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bernhardt 2013; Castanotto and Rossi 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Castanotto and Rossi 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (van Praag et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation
AbbreviationTransportation (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0049-4488
ISSN (online)1572-9435
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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