How to format your references using the Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sansom, D.M.: IMMUNOLOGY. Moving CTLA-4 from the trash to recycling. Science. 349, 377–378 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Krasnopolsky, V.A., Feldman, P.D.: Detection of molecular hydrogen in the atmosphere of Mars. Science. 294, 1914–1917 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lönnstedt, O.M., McCormick, M.I., Chivers, D.P.: Predator-induced changes in the growth of eyes and false eyespots. Sci. Rep. 3, 2259 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lo, B., Parham, L., Cedars, M., Fisher, S., Gates, E., Giudice, L., Halme, D.G., Hershon, W., Kriegstein, A., Rao, R., Roberts, C., Wagner, R.: Research ethics. NIH guidelines for stem cell research and gamete donors. Science. 327, 962–963 (2010)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, N.F.: The JCT Major Project Form. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK (2008)
An edited book
Quirk, T.J.: Excel 2016 for Biological and Life Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Rohs, S., Spang, R., Hoffmann, L., Rohrer, F., Schiller, C.: Do Galactic Cosmic Rays Impact the Cirrus Cloud Cover? In: Lübken, F.-J. (ed.) Climate and Weather of the Sun-Earth System (CAWSES): Highlights from a Priority Program. pp. 79–87. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Methane Hunting Tool Could Boost The Search For Extraterrestrials,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Amtrak: Limited Income From the Revenue Enhancement Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1990)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Starr, M.J.: Tests for Positive Selection on Genes Encoding Heat Shock Proteins in the Marine Slipper Snail, Crepidula fornicata, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinmetz, G., Kimmelman, M.: Floating in the Sky, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sansom 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Krasnopolsky and Feldman 2001; Sansom 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krasnopolsky and Feldman 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lo et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation
AbbreviationTransportation (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0049-4488
ISSN (online)1572-9435
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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