How to format your references using the Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nield, T.: A tribe of jobbing ditchers. Nature. 451, 258–260 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Jean-Baptiste, P., Fourré, E.: Arctic Ocean: hydrothermal activity on Gakkel Ridge. Nature. 428, 36 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, A., Zadafiya, P., Mahalakshmi, R.: Differential contribution of tryptophans to the folding and stability of the attachment invasion locus transmembrane β-barrel from Yersinia pestis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6508 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, Y., Zhang, W., Xing, Y., Li, F., Zhao, Y., Xia, Z., Wang, L., Ma, X., Xue, Q.-K., Wang, J.: High temperature superconducting FeSe films on SrTiO3 substrates. Sci. Rep. 4, 6040 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hofmeyr, G.J., Neilson, J.P., Alfirevic, Z., Crowther, C.A., Gülmezoglu, A.M., Hodnett, E.D., Gyte, G.M.L., Duley, L.: A Cochrane Pocketbook: Pregnancy and Childbirth. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2008)
An edited book
Inoue, K., Ohwada, H., Yamamoto, A. eds: Inductive Logic Programming: 25th International Conference, ILP 2015, Kyoto, Japan, August 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Van Biesbrouck, M., Eeckhout, L., Calder, B.: Efficient Sampling Startup for Sampled Processor Simulation. In: Conte, T., Navarro, N., Hwu, W.-M.W., Valero, M., and Ungerer, T. (eds.) High Performance Embedded Architectures and Compilers: First International Conference, HiPEAC 2005, Barcelona, Spain, November 17-18, 2005. Proceedings. pp. 47–67. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Your Cat’s Fur Color Is Linked To Its Aggressiveness,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Highway Trust Fund: Condition and Outlook for the Highway Account. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, K.L.: Initial construct validation of the color figure mazes test, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Nolan, K.: In Milwaukee, Worries Over Eliminating Rule That Police Must Live in City, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nield 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Jean-Baptiste and Fourré 2004; Nield 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jean-Baptiste and Fourré 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation
AbbreviationTransportation (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0049-4488
ISSN (online)1572-9435
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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