How to format your references using the Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bakalar, N.: Sensory science: partners in flavour. Nature. 486, S4-5 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Jansen, V.A.A., Stumpf, M.P.H.: Ecology. Making sense of evolution in an uncertain world. Science. 309, 2005–2007 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghimire, A., Shafran, E., Gerton, J.M.: Using a sharp metal tip to control the polarization and direction of emission from a quantum dot. Sci. Rep. 4, 6456 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Busino, L., Donzelli, M., Chiesa, M., Guardavaccaro, D., Ganoth, D., Dorrello, N.V., Hershko, A., Pagano, M., Draetta, G.F.: Degradation of Cdc25A by beta-TrCP during S phase and in response to DNA damage. Nature. 426, 87–91 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malpass, D.B., Band, E.I.: Introduction to Industrial Polypropylene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
Choi, T.-M., Cheng, T.C.E. eds: Sustainable Fashion Supply Chain Management: From Sourcing to Retailing. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Freeman, A., Rattz, J.C.: Nondeferred Operators. In: Rattz, J.C. (ed.) Pro LINQ: Language Integrated Query in C# 2010. pp. 151–210. Apress, Berkeley, CA (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Comet Lovejoy Has Sugar And Alcohol


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: Departmental Leadership Crucial to Success of Investment Reforms at Interior. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sheppard, K.C.: An Examination of School Choice Access, Opportunities, and Academic Outcomes in an Intra-District School Choice Program, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., de la MERCED, M.J.: Nordstrom Family to Consider Ways of Taking Chain Private, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peng 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jackson 2000; Wand 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jansen and Stumpf 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Seila et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation
AbbreviationTransportation (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0049-4488
ISSN (online)1572-9435
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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