How to format your references using the Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gandhi, K.J.K.: The best decision I ever made. Science. 350, 1122 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Morrison, S.J., Scadden, D.T.: The bone marrow niche for haematopoietic stem cells. Nature. 505, 327–334 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Day, M., Langston, R., Morris, R.G.M.: Glutamate-receptor-mediated encoding and retrieval of paired-associate learning. Nature. 424, 205–209 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shi, D.-T., Wei, X.-L., Sheng, Y., Zang, Y., He, X.-P., Xie, J., Liu, G., Tang, Y., Li, J., Chen, G.-R.: Substitution pattern reverses the fluorescence response of coumarin glycoligands upon coordination with silver (I). Sci. Rep. 4, 4252 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henriksen, R.N.: Scale Invariance. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2015)
An edited book
Marín-García, J. ed: Mitochondria and the Heart. Springer US, Boston, MA (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Agarwal, S., Barik, R., Nandivada, V.K., Shyamasundar, R.K., Varma, P.: Static Detection of Place Locality and Elimination of Runtime Checks. In: Ramalingam, G. (ed.) Programming Languages and Systems: 6th Asian Symposium, APLAS 2008, Bangalore, India, December 9-11, 2008. Proceedings. pp. 53–74. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Free-flowing water discovered on the equator of Mars


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Reuse of Municipal Wastewater and Development of New Technology: Emphasis and Direction Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunhan-Senol, N.E.: “I’m Turkish, I’m Honest...” I’m Autistic: Perceptions Regarding the Label of Autism, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mackay, I.P.: Dogwood at Valley Forge, (1935)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gandhi 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gandhi 2015; Morrison and Scadden 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morrison and Scadden 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation
AbbreviationTransportation (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0049-4488
ISSN (online)1572-9435
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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