How to format your references using the Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shibata D. Cancer. Heterogeneity and tumor history. Science. 2012;336(6079):304-305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris RG, Barthelemy M. Interdependent networks: the fragility of control. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neutel A-M, Heesterbeek JAP, De Ruiter PC. Stability in real food webs: weak links in long loops. Science. 2002;296(5570):1120-1123.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
He L, Wu X-S, Mohan R, Wu L-G. Two modes of fusion pore opening revealed by cell-attached recordings at a synapse. Nature. 2006;444(7115):102-105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker M. Happy-People-Pills For All. Oxford, UK: Wiley Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
Butera G, Chessa M, Eicken A, Thomson J, eds. Cardiac Catheterization for Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetal Life to Adulthood. Milano: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Fisher M, Ghidini C, Kakoudakis A. Dynamic Team Formation in Executable Agent-Based Systems. In: Rouff CA, Hinchey M, Rash J, Truszkowski W, Gordon-Spears D, eds. Agent Technology from a Formal Perspective. NASA Monographs in Systems and Software Engineering. London: Springer; 2006:139-158.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A.

Blog post
Hamilton K. The Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower Peaks TONIGHT. IFLScience. May 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army Corps of Engineers: An Assessment of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement of the Lower Snake River Dams. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coppock JE. Optical and Magnetic Measurements of a Levitated, Gyroscopically Stabilized Graphene Nanoplatelet. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell M. Principles and Posturing. New York Times. August 3, 2017:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleConcepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A
AbbreviationConcepts Magn. Reson. Part A Bridg. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)1546-6086
ISSN (online)1552-5023

Other styles