How to format your references using the Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaufman F. Futures market: Wall Street’s thirst for water. Nature. 2012;490(7421):469-471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Géléoc GSG, Holt JR. Sound strategies for hearing restoration. Science. 2014;344(6184):1241062.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonifacio P, Limongi M, Chieffi A. Astrophysics: How did the metals in a giant star originate? Nature. 2003;422(6934):834.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cederstrom B, Cahn RN, Danielsson M, Lundqvist M, Nygren DR. Focusing hard X-rays with old LPs. Nature. 2000;404(6781):951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle M. Handbook of Heterogenous Kinetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Vaduva S. Moral Leadership in Business: Towards a Business Culture of Integrity. (Alistar VT, Thomas AR, Lupiţu CD, Neagoie DS, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Menon PG, Adhyapak SM, Parachuri VR. Analysis of Cardiac MRI Based Regional Timing of Left Ventricular Mechanical Contraction as a Biomarker for Electrical Dyssynchrony in Heart-Failure Patients. In: Zhang YJ, Tavares JMRS, eds. Computational Modeling of Objects Presented in Images. Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications: 4th International Conference, CompIMAGE 2014, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, September 3-5, 2014. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2014:48-56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A.

Blog post
Luntz S. Oxytocin-Lowering Medical Conditions May Reduce Empathy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Training: Practices of Leading Private-Sector Companies. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pee G-Y. Sonochemical Remediation of Freshwater Sediments Contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker P, Gordon MR. Kerry Becomes Chief Advocate For U.S. Attack. New York Times. August 30, 2013:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleConcepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A
AbbreviationConcepts Magn. Reson. Part A Bridg. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)1546-6086
ISSN (online)1552-5023

Other styles