How to format your references using the Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gimalac, A. (2004). Recruiters and industry. Building biostatistics. Nature 430, 276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lerman, J., and Palsson, B. O. (2010). Microbiology. Topping off a multiscale balancing act. Science 330, 1058–1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Os, J., Kenis, G., and Rutten, B. P. F. (2010). The environment and schizophrenia. Nature 468, 203–212.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Prouteau, G., Scaillet, B., Pichavant, M., and Maury, R. (2001). Evidence for mantle metasomatism by hydrous silicic melts derived from subducted oceanic crust. Nature 410, 197–200.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunn, G., and Sansone, E. B. (2012). Destruction of Hazardous Chemicals in the Laboratory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Proctor, C., and Linley, P. A. eds. (2013). Research, Applications, and Interventions for Children and Adolescents: A Positive Psychology Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hodych, O., Hushchyn, K., Shcherbyna, Y., Nikolski, I., and Pasichnyk, V. (2009). “SOM-Based Dynamic Image Segmentation for Sign Language Training Simulator,” in Information Systems: Modeling, Development, and Integration: Third International United Information Systems Conference, UNISCON 2009, Sydney, Australia, April 21-24, 2009. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing., eds. J. Yang, A. Ginige, H. C. Mayr, and R.-D. Kutsche (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). Do-it-yourself lava flows. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Federal Research: Information on Fees for Selected Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perelygin, K. (2012). Developing physics simulations with OpenCL on a graphics processing unit.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008). Homegrown: Sweet Peaches. New York Times, NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gimalac, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gimalac, 2004; Lerman and Palsson, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lerman and Palsson, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Prouteau et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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