How to format your references using the Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardin, L. S. (2008). Meetings that changed the world: Bellagio 1969: The green revolution. Nature 455, 470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schofield, R. M. S., and Nesson, M. H. (2003). Comment on “High abrasion resistance with sparse mineralization: copper biomineral in worm jaws.” Science 301, 1049; author reply 1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang, P., Jacobson, M. K., and Mitchison, T. J. (2004). Poly(ADP-ribose) is required for spindle assembly and structure. Nature 432, 645–649.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oppenheimer, B. R., Hambly, N. C., Digby, A. P., Hodgkin, S. T., and Saumon, D. (2001). Direct detection of galactic halo dark matter. Science 292, 698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Drake, P. P., and Fabozzi, F. J. (2009). Foundations and Applications of the Time Value of Money. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Choren, R., Garcia, A., Lucena, C., and Romanovsky, A. eds. (2005). Software Engineering for Multi-Agent Systems III: Research Issues and Practical Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Battaglino, C., and Damiano, R. (2014). “Narrative Scenarios as a Testbed for Moral Agents,” in Intelligent Virtual Agents: 14th International Conference, IVA 2014, Boston, MA, USA, August 27-29, 2014. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. T. Bickmore, S. Marsella, and C. Sidner (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 36–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Watch: Amazing Visualization Of Arctic Ice Over The Last 25 Years. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). National Airspace System: Incomplete Transition Back to National Maintenance and Certification Standards in the Federal Aviation Administration’s Alaskan Region. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez Gamez, L. I. (2012). New perspectives on the spatial analysis of urban employment distribution and commuting patterns: The cases of Hermosillo and Ciudad Obregon, Mexico.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). Free Tales From Mr. Kafka’s Crypt, (And Thousands of Records, Too). New York Times, 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hardin, 2008; Schofield and Nesson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schofield and Nesson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Oppenheimer et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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