How to format your references using the Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padma, T. V. (2005). Strength in numbers. Nature 436, 492–493.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butchart, N., and Scaife, A. A. (2001). Removal of chlorofluorocarbons by increased mass exchange between the stratosphere and troposphere in a changing climate. Nature 410, 799–802.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pellizzoni, L., Yong, J., and Dreyfuss, G. (2002). Essential role for the SMN complex in the specificity of snRNP assembly. Science 298, 1775–1779.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Faure, J., Glinec, Y., Pukhov, A., Kiselev, S., Gordienko, S., Lefebvre, E., et al. (2004). A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams. Nature 431, 541–544.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanchez, A., and Carro, B. (2017). Digital Services in the 21st Century. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Scarpas, A., Kringos, N., Al-Qadi, I., and A., L. eds. (2012). 7th RILEM International Conference on Cracking in Pavements: Mechanisms, Modeling, Testing, Detection and Prevention Case Histories. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Aubonnet, T., and Simoni, N. (2013). “Service Creation and Self-management Mechanisms for Mobile Cloud Computing,” in Wired/Wireless Internet Communication: 11th International Conference, WWIC 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 5-7, 2013. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. V. Tsaoussidis, A. J. Kassler, Y. Koucheryavy, and A. Mellouk (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Being Hungry May Affect Your Impulsivity And Decision-Making. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Aviation Security: Improved Testing, Evaluation, and Performance Measurement Could Enhance Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mani, V. (2011). Empirical study of link between operations and financial performance for retailers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008). In Court Ruling On Executions, A Factual Flaw. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Butchart and Scaife, 2001; Padma, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butchart and Scaife, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Faure et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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