How to format your references using the Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greer, A. L. (2000). Too hot to melt. Nature 404, 134–135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goedert, M., and Cheng, Y. (2015). Parkinson’s disease: Crystals of a toxic core. Nature 525, 458–459.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gollo, L. L., Kinouchi, O., and Copelli, M. (2013). Single-neuron criticality optimizes analog dendritic computation. Sci. Rep. 3, 3222.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Long, J., Huang, X., Liao, Y., Hu, X., Hu, J., Lui, S., et al. (2014). Prediction of post-earthquake depressive and anxiety symptoms: a longitudinal resting-state fMRI study. Sci. Rep. 4, 6423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colloms, M., and Darlington, P. (2005). High Performance Loudspeakers. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Cruciani, R. A., and Knotkova, H. eds. (2013). Handbook of Methadone Prescribing and Buprenorphine Therapy. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Deshmukh, A. S., and Aminabhavi, T. M. (2015). “Pharmaceutical Applications of Various Natural Gums Natural gums,” in Polysaccharides: Bioactivity and Biotechnology, eds. K. G. Ramawat and J.-M. Mérillon (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 1933–1967.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Why Is New Zealand Experiencing Powerful Earthquakes At The Moment? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Plans’ Coverage of Key Cyber Security Elements Varies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Michaels, J. L. (2009). Changing cooperation to competition disrupts attitudes and valence: First test of a dynamical model.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006). Former Playmate Wins Procedural Round in Fight Over Estate. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greer, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Greer, 2000; Goedert and Cheng, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goedert and Cheng, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Long et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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