How to format your references using the Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dzenis, Y. (2004). Material science. Spinning continuous fibers for nanotechnology. Science 304, 1917–1919.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morehouse, N. I., and Rutowski, R. L. (2009). Comment on “Floral iridescence, produced by diffractive optics, acts as a cue for animal pollinators.” Science 325, 1072; author reply 1072.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harris, H. H., Pickering, I. J., and George, G. N. (2003). The chemical form of mercury in fish. Science 301, 1203.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Van Dover, C. L., German, C. R., Speer, K. G., Parson, L. M., and Vrijenhoek, R. C. (2002). Evolution and biogeography of deep-sea vent and seep invertebrates. Science 295, 1253–1257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shamah, S. (2004). A Currency Options Primer. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Sinclair, N., Pimm, D., and Higginson, W. eds. (2007). Mathematics and the Aesthetic: New Approaches to an Ancient Affinity. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Du, W., Song, Y., and Li, Y. (2011). “Multiple Perspective of Public Administration Development Strategy of NGOs,” in Advances in Applied Economics, Business and Development: International Symposium, ISAEBD 2011, Dalian, China, August 6-7, 2011, Proceedings, Part II Communications in Computer and Information Science., ed. Q. Zhou (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 33–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). DARPA Has Created Self-Guided, Mid-Flight Changing Bullets. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E, C.-C. (2014). The syntax of comparative correlatives in Mandarin Chinese.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992). For Perot, a Time of Need. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dzenis, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Dzenis, 2004; Morehouse and Rutowski, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morehouse and Rutowski, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Van Dover et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Fungi and Their Interactions
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles