How to format your references using the International Studies Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tegmark, M. (2000) Cosmology. The Dark Side of Distortion. Nature 405: 133–134.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCarl, B. A., and U. A. Schneider. (2001) Climate Change. Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in U.S. Agriculture and Forestry. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 2481–2482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grosman, C., M. Zhou, and A. Auerbach. (2000) Mapping the Conformational Wave of Acetylcholine Receptor Channel Gating. Nature 403: 773–776.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Benner, Steven A., M. Daniel Caraco, J. Michael Thomson, and Eric A. Gaucher. (2002) Planetary Biology--Paleontological, Geological, and Molecular Histories of Life. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296: 864–868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hackshaw, Allan. (2014) A Concise Guide to Observational Studies in Healthcare. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Armgardt, Matthias, Patrice Canivez, and Sandrine Chassagnard-Pinet, Eds. (2015) 7 Past and Present Interactions in Legal Reasoning and Logic. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, Kyungsuk. (2015) The Ideal of Autonomy and Its Misuse. In Family-Oriented Informed Consent: East Asian and American Perspectives, Philosophy and Medicine, edited by Ruiping Fan. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2014) The Daily Show Tears Apart Vaccine Denialists. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976) Review of the Health Facilities Surveyor Training Program Funded by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Altebarmakian, Tamar. (2012) Salt of the Skin. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. (2012) How Do Kenyan 10K Runners Get to London? Through Raindrops in Oregon. New York Times: SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tegmark 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Tegmark 2000; McCarl and Schneider 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCarl and Schneider 2001)
  • Three authors: (Grosman, Zhou, and Auerbach 2000)
  • 7 or more authors: (Benner, Caraco, Thomson, and Gaucher 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Quarterly
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Q.
ISSN (print)1468-2478
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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