How to format your references using the International Studies Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Phillips, P. (2000) Organic Materials. From Insulator to Superconductor. Nature 406: 687–688.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mukhopadhyay, Rahul Dev, and Ayyappanpillai Ajayaghosh. (2015) Supramolecular Chemistry. Living Supramolecular Polymerization. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349: 241–242.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kearns, Michael, Siddharth Suri, and Nick Montfort. (2006) An Experimental Study of the Coloring Problem on Human Subject Networks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313: 824–827.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gorb, Stanislav N., Senta Niederegger, Cheryl Y. Hayashi, Adam P. Summers, Walter Vötsch, and Paul Walther. (2006) Biomaterials: Silk-like Secretion from Tarantula Feet. Nature 443: 407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boutillier, Sophie, Denis Carré, and Nadine Levratto. (2016) Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fiengo, Giovanni. (2013) Common Rail System for GDI Engines: Modelling, Identification, and Control. edited by Alessandro di Gaeta, Angelo Palladino, and Veniero Giglio. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kierkegaard, Sylvia. (2013) Data Insecurity: Scams, Blags & Scalawags. In The Secure Information Society: Ethical, Legal and Political Challenges, edited by Jörg Krüger, Bertram Nickolay, and Sandro Gaycken. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Quarterly.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. (2016) Can You Figure Out This Toothpick Brain Teaser? IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988) An Empty Pump Down the Road? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patel, Dhwani S. (2017) GoSchoolPro: A Web Portal for the Students Using MVC Architecture and ASP.NET Framework. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. (2016) This Means Something, as Well as Something Else. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Phillips 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Phillips 2000; Mukhopadhyay and Ajayaghosh 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mukhopadhyay and Ajayaghosh 2015)
  • Three authors: (Kearns, Suri, and Montfort 2006)
  • 7 or more authors: (Gorb, Niederegger, Hayashi, Summers, Vötsch, and Walther 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Quarterly
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Q.
ISSN (print)1468-2478
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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