How to format your references using the International Studies Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quintana-Murci, Lluis. (2012) Genetics. Gene Losses in the Human Genome. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335: 806–807.
A journal article with 2 authors
Linkerhand, Mathias, and Claudius Gros. (2013) Generating Functionals for Autonomous Latching Dynamics in Attractor Relict Networks. Scientific reports 3: 2042.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lorsch, Jon R., Francis S. Collins, and Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz. (2014) Cell Biology. Fixing Problems with Cell Lines. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346: 1452–1453.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mizutani, Akihiro, Kiyoshi Tamaki, Rikizo Ikuta, Takashi Yamamoto, and Nobuyuki Imoto. (2014) Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution for Scarani-Acin-Ribordy-Gisin 04 Protocol. Scientific reports 4: 5236.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todeschini, Roberto, and Alberto Baccini. (2016) Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gerrath, Jean. (2015) Taming the Wild Grape: Botany and Horticulture in the Vitaceae. edited by Usher Posluszny and Lewis Melville. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohsawa, Yukio. (2006) Scenario Maps on Situational Switch Model, Applied to Blood-Test Data for Hepatitis C Patients. In Chance Discoveries in Real World Decision Making: Data-Based Interaction of Human Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence, Studies in Computational Intelligence, edited by Yukio Ohsawa and Shusaku Tsumoto. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2015) Nigeria Celebrates One Year Without Polio Case. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972) Selected Contracts, Purchase Orders, and Grants Awarded to Indian Tribes and Organizations During Fiscal Year 1971. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gill, Gretchen J. (2009) The Experience of Family Caregiving of the Terminally Ill: A Phenomenological Study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Becker, J. O., Matt Apuzzo, and Adam Goldman. (2017) Trump Team Met Russian Offering Dirt on Clinton. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quintana-Murci 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Quintana-Murci 2012; Linkerhand and Gros 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Linkerhand and Gros 2013)
  • Three authors: (Lorsch, Collins, and Lippincott-Schwartz 2014)
  • 7 or more authors: (Mizutani, Tamaki, Ikuta, Yamamoto, and Imoto 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Quarterly
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Q.
ISSN (print)1468-2478
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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