How to format your references using the International Studies Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feinberg, Andrew P. (2007) Phenotypic Plasticity and the Epigenetics of Human Disease. Nature 447: 433–440.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, Thomas, and Irina Ruf. (2009) Paleontology. On the Mammalian Ear. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326: 243–244.
A journal article with 3 authors
Depew, Michael J., Thomas Lufkin, and John L. R. Rubenstein. (2002) Specification of Jaw Subdivisions by Dlx Genes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 381–385.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kwok, Trevor C. Y., Nicole Ricker, Regina Fraser, Allen W. Chan, Andrew Burns, Elise F. Stanley, Peter McCourt, Sean R. Cutler, and Peter J. Roy. (2006) A Small-Molecule Screen in C. Elegans Yields a New Calcium Channel Antagonist. Nature 441: 91–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, Weihong, and Min Wan. (2016) Milling Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wördenweber, Burkard. (2007) Automotive Lighting and Human Vision. edited by Jörg Wallaschek, Peter Boyce, and Donald D. Hoffman. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fan, Ruiping. (2011) Jiang Qing on Equality. In The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China, Philosophical Studies in Contemporary Culture, edited by Ruiping Fan. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Quarterly.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. (2014) There Are Still People Who Believe The Earth Is Flat In The USA. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999) Medicaid and Special Education: Coordination of Services for Children With Disabilities Is Evolving. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ratzlaff, Kristina. (2012) Dynamics of Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium Dendrobatidis) Infection in Amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Koblin, John. (2016) HBO’s ‘Game of Thrones’ Gets an End Date. New York Times: B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feinberg 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Feinberg 2007; Martin and Ruf 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Ruf 2009)
  • Three authors: (Depew, Lufkin, and Rubenstein 2002)
  • 7 or more authors: (Kwok, Ricker, Fraser, Chan, Burns, Stanley, et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Quarterly
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Q.
ISSN (print)1468-2478
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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