How to format your references using the International Studies Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, J. (2001) US Rejects Bioweapon Inspections. Nature 412: 365.
A journal article with 2 authors
Neilsen, Joseph, and Julia C. Lee. (2009) Accretion Disk Winds as the Jet Suppression Mechanism in the Microquasar GRS 1915+105. Nature 458: 481–484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamamoto, Yoshiyuki, David W. Stock, and William R. Jeffery. (2004) Hedgehog Signalling Controls Eye Degeneration in Blind Cavefish. Nature 431: 844–847.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Belluscio, Leonardo, Claudia Lodovichi, Paul Feinstein, Peter Mombaerts, and Lawrence C. Katz. (2002) Odorant Receptors Instruct Functional Circuitry in the Mouse Olfactory Bulb. Nature 419: 296–300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clarke, Alex, Andrew Thompson, Elizabeth Jenkinson, Nichola Rumsey, and Rob Newell. (2013) CBT for Appearance Anxiety. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Bennett, Gary. (2009) IPhone Cool Projects. edited by Wolfgang Ante, Mike Ash, Benjamin Jackson, Neil Mix, Steven Peterson, and Matthew “canis” Rosenfeld. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Rueckert, D., R. Chandrashekara, P. Aljabar, K. K. Bhatia, J. P. Boardman, L. Srinivasan, M. A. Rutherford, L. E. Dyet, A. D. Edwards, J. V. Hajnal, and R. Mohiaddin. (2006) Quantification of Growth and Motion Using Non-Rigid Registration. In Computer Vision Approaches to Medical Image Analysis: Second International ECCV Workshop, CVAMIA 2006 Graz, Austria, May 12, 2006 Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, edited by Reinhard R. Beichel and Milan Sonka. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. (2016) How Your Brain Retrieves A Memory When You Sense Something Familiar. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001) Internal Revenue Service: 2001 Tax Filing Season, Systems Modernization, and Security of Electronic Filing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eyers, Brandy Marie. (2011) An Analysis of Remote Biometric Authentication with Windows. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kaminer, Ariel, and Ashley Southall. (2013) Baruch College Student Dies After Fraternity Ritual in Poconos. New York Times: A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Knight 2001; Neilsen and Lee 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Neilsen and Lee 2009)
  • Three authors: (Yamamoto, Stock, and Jeffery 2004)
  • 7 or more authors: (Belluscio, Lodovichi, Feinstein, Mombaerts, and Katz 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Quarterly
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Q.
ISSN (print)1468-2478
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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