How to format your references using the International Studies Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger, Karen. (2003) Stacking the Deck. Nature 422: 784–785.
A journal article with 2 authors
Redmond, Stephanie A., and Jonah R. Chan. (2012) Neuroscience. Revitalizing Remyelination--the Answer Is Circulating. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336: 161–162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stone, Lewi, Ronen Olinky, and Amit Huppert. (2007) Seasonal Dynamics of Recurrent Epidemics. Nature 446: 533–536.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hedman, Matthew M., Joseph A. Burns, Matthew S. Tiscareno, Carolyn C. Porco, Geraint H. Jones, Elias Roussos, Norbert Krupp, Chris Paranicas, and Sascha Kempf. (2007) The Source of Saturn’s G Ring. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 653–656.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burwick, Frederick. (2015) Romanticism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shi, Yun Q., Sabu Emmanuel, Mohan S. Kankanhalli, Shih-Fu Chang, Regunathan Radhakrishnan, Fulong Ma, and Li Zhao, Eds. (2011) 6730 Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security VI. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grazioli, Luigi, Lucio Olivetti, Narciso Zappa, and Evangelos Apostolopoulos. (2009) Male Reproductive System: Normal Radiologic Anatomy. In Imaging of Urogenital Diseases: A Color Atlas, edited by Luigi Grazioli and Lucio Olivetti. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Quarterly.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. (2015) Different Monkey Species Can Understand One Another’s “Languages.” IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972) Budgetary and Fiscal Information Needs of the Congress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman, Timothy F. (2010) A Descriptive Review of the Development and Implementation of a Funding Model for the Kentucky Community and Technical College System: The First 10 Years, 1998–2008. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Savage, Charlie, and Eileen Sullivan. (2017) Sessions Widens Official Inquiry On Media Leaks. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger 2003; Redmond and Chan 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Redmond and Chan 2012)
  • Three authors: (Stone, Olinky, and Huppert 2007)
  • 7 or more authors: (Hedman, Burns, Tiscareno, Porco, Jones, Roussos, et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Quarterly
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Q.
ISSN (print)1468-2478
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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