How to format your references using the International Studies Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donley, Elizabeth A. (2013) Physics. A View on Energy Transfer between Cold Atoms. Science (New York, N.Y.) 342: 942–943.
A journal article with 2 authors
Contreras, Jorge L., and Jerome H. Reichman. (2015) DATA ACCESS. Sharing by Design: Data and Decentralized Commons. Science (New York, N.Y.) 350: 1312–1314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, Qi-Ping, Chui-Ping Yang, and Shi-Biao Zheng. (2014) Fast and Simple Scheme for Generating NOON States of Photons in Circuit QED. Scientific reports 4: 3898.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gonçalves, Gil, Mercedes Vila, Igor Bdikin, Alicia de Andrés, Nazanin Emami, Rute A. S. Ferreira, Luís D. Carlos, José Grácio, and Paula A. A. P. Marques. (2014) Breakdown into Nanoscale of Graphene Oxide: Confined Hot Spot Atomic Reduction and Fragmentation. Scientific reports 4: 6735.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henderson, Timothy J. (2011) Beyond Borders. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ritsner, Michael S., Ed. (2009) The Handbook of Neuropsychiatric Biomarkers, Endophenotypes and Genes: Neuropsychological Endophenotypes and Biomarkers. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Isabelle, Aaron D., and Nataly Z. Valle. (2016) Engineering. In Inspiring STEM Minds: Biographies and Activities for Elementary Classrooms, edited by Nataly Z. Valle. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Quarterly.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. (2016) Five Myths About Lower Back Pain. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973) Review of Selected Projects Under the Bilingual Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steffan, Andrea Lynn. (2010) An Examination of the Correlation between Ninth Grade Mathematics Grades and Student Performance on the Mathematics Portion of the California High School Exit Examination. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. (2016) A TV Show That’s Amazing, Not Necessarily Good. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donley 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Donley 2013; Contreras and Reichman 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Contreras and Reichman 2015)
  • Three authors: (Su, Yang, and Zheng 2014)
  • 7 or more authors: (Gonçalves, Vila, Bdikin, de Andrés, Emami, Ferreira, et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Quarterly
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Q.
ISSN (print)1468-2478
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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