How to format your references using the International Studies Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farese, Philip. (2012) Technology: How to Build a Low-Energy Future. Nature 488: 275–277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levitt, Steven D., and John A. List. (2008) Economics. Homo Economicus Evolves. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319: 909–910.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Ke, Peigen Cao, and James R. Heath. (2010) Graphene Visualizes the First Water Adlayers on Mica at Ambient Conditions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329: 1188–1191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, C. G. A., A. D. Aylward, G. H. Millward, S. Miller, and L. E. Moore. (2007) An Unexpected Cooling Effect in Saturn’s Upper Atmosphere. Nature 445: 399–401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, Steven M. (2010) The New CFO Financial Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Streckfus, Charles F., Ed. (2015) Advances in Salivary Diagnostics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bandyopadhyay, Abhijit, Tamalika Das, and Sabina Yeasmin. (2015) Synthetic (Inorganic) Nanoparticles Based Lung Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy. In Nanoparticles in Lung Cancer Therapy - Recent Trends, SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science, edited by Tamalika Das and Sabina Yeasmin. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies Quarterly.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. (2016) New Pathogen Discovered In Africa Causes Anthrax-Like Disease. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016) FACE Recognition Technology: FBI Should Better Ensure Privacy and Accuracy [Reissued on August 3, 2016]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brooks, Charles E. (2010) Action Research: Interventions for Helping Leaders Use Groups to Affect Conflict between Workforce Generations. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. (2008) Unexpected State Aid to Ease School Taxes. New York Times: LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Farese 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Levitt and List 2008; Farese 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levitt and List 2008)
  • Three authors: (Xu, Cao, and Heath 2010)
  • 7 or more authors: (Smith, Aylward, Millward, Miller, and Moore 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies Quarterly
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Q.
ISSN (print)1468-2478
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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