How to format your references using the Transport in Porous Media citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport in Porous Media. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilks, Y.: Computer science. Is there progress on talking sensibly to machines? Science. 318, 927–928 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, J.-H., Kim, C.F.: Developmental biology. Mesenchymal progenitor panoply. Science. 346, 810–811 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Djuranovic, S., Nahvi, A., Green, R.: miRNA-mediated gene silencing by translational repression followed by mRNA deadenylation and decay. Science. 336, 237–240 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clutton-Brock, T.H., Coulson, T.N., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Thomson, D., Armstrong, H.M.: Sex differences in emigration and mortality affect optimal management of deer populations. Nature. 415, 633–637 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martinelli, R.J., Milosevic, D.Z.: Project Management ToolBox. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Hyndman, K.A., Pannabecker, T.L. eds: Sodium and Water Homeostasis: Comparative, Evolutionary and Genetic Models. Springer, New York, NY (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Zauner, K.-P.: From Prescriptive Programming of Solid-State Devices to Orchestrated Self-organisation of Informed Matter. In: Banâtre, J.-P., Fradet, P., Giavitto, J.-L., and Michel, O. (eds.) Unconventional Programming Paradigms: International Workshop UPP 2004, Le Mont Saint Michel, France, September 15-17, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. pp. 47–55. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport in Porous Media.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Survey of Small Businesses’ Reactions to Changes in the Costs of Telephone Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1985)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moody, V.J.: Examining leadership styles and employee engagement in the public and private sectors, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Big Setback For Wright; Season Ends For Cespedes, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilks 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Kim 2014; Wilks 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Kim 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Clutton-Brock et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport in Porous Media
AbbreviationTransp. Porous Media
ISSN (print)0169-3913
ISSN (online)1573-1634
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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