How to format your references using the Transport in Porous Media citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport in Porous Media. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, C.R.: Astronomy. Simmering, not boiling. Science. 318, 404–405 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, C., Ecker, J.R.: Epigenetics. Exceptional epigenetics in the brain. Science. 348, 1094–1095 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhavsar, A.P., Guttman, J.A., Finlay, B.B.: Manipulation of host-cell pathways by bacterial pathogens. Nature. 449, 827–834 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kang, H.J., Dai, P., Lynn, J.W., Matsuura, M., Thompson, J.R., Zhang, S.-C., Argyriou, D.N., Onose, Y., Tokura, Y.: Antiferromagnetic order as the competing ground state in electron-doped Nd1.85Ce0.15CuO4. Nature. 423, 522–525 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, R.A.: Handbook of Structural Life Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2017)
An edited book
Kalia, S., Haldorai, Y. eds: Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Nanomaterials. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Becchi, P., Franzini Tibaldeo, R.: The Vulnerability of Life in the Philosophy of Hans Jonas. In: Masferrer, A. and García-Sánchez, E. (eds.) Human Dignity of the Vulnerable in the Age of Rights: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. pp. 81–120. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport in Porous Media.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: First Taste Of Freedom For 6 Overjoyed Animals Caught On Film


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer, K.A.: System for Identifying Plankton from the SIPPER Instrument Platform, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: Old Wish List: More for Pupils; New List: Keep What We Have, (2002)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser 2007; Luo and Ecker 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo and Ecker 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport in Porous Media
AbbreviationTransp. Porous Media
ISSN (print)0169-3913
ISSN (online)1573-1634
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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