How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, N.-X., 2011. China’s chemists should avoid the Vanity Fair. Nature 476, 253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nadeau, J.H., Dudley, A.M., 2011. Genetics. Systems genetics. Science 331, 1015–1016.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solanki, S.K., Schüssler, M., Fligge, M., 2000. Evolution of the Sun’s large-scale magnetic field since the Maunder minimum. Nature 408, 445–447.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gray, J.M., Karow, D.S., Lu, H., Chang, A.J., Chang, J.S., Ellis, R.E., Marletta, M.A., Bargmann, C.I., 2004. Oxygen sensation and social feeding mediated by a C. elegans guanylate cyclase homologue. Nature 430, 317–322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guzinski, J., Abu-Rub, H., Strankowski, P., 2015. Variable Speed AC Drives with Inverter Output Filters. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Henderson-Sellers, B., 2014. Situational Method Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aral, A., Gupta, V., Agarwal, R.P., 2013. q-Bernstein-Type Integral Operators, in: Gupta, V., Agarwal, R.P. (Eds.), Applications of Q-Calculus in Operator Theory. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 113–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Tooth Enamel Could Have Originated On Prehistoric Fish Scales [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Assessing the Output of Federal Commercially Directed R&D (No. PAD-79-69). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le, R., 2015. Three-Power Power System State Estimation Using Extended Kalman Filter with CompactRIO Implementation (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2017. Protests Disrupt Commerce in St. Louis, and Regional Leaders Take Notice. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Nadeau and Dudley, 2011; Wang, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nadeau and Dudley, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Gray et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. C. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1532-0456
Cell Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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