How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wegner, D.M., 2009. How to think, say, or do precisely the worst thing for any occasion. Science 325, 48–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bringmann, H., Hyman, A.A., 2005. A cytokinesis furrow is positioned by two consecutive signals. Nature 436, 731–734.
A journal article with 3 authors
Devine, J.A., Baker, K.D., Haedrich, R.L., 2006. Fisheries: deep-sea fishes qualify as endangered. Nature 439, 29.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, F., Podell, E.R., Zaug, A.J., Yang, Y., Baciu, P., Cech, T.R., Lei, M., 2007. The POT1-TPP1 telomere complex is a telomerase processivity factor. Nature 445, 506–510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stratton, J.A., 2015. Electromagnetic Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tang, W.H., 2011. Condition Monitoring and Assessment of Power Transformers Using Computational Intelligence, Power Systems. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Runyan, C.N., 2009. Essential Competencies of Medical Personnel in Integrated Care Settings, in: O’Donohue, W.T., James, L. (Eds.), The Primary Care Toolkit: Practical Resources for the Integrated Behavioral Care Provider. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 31–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. New Species Of Scorpion Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan] (No. B-254086). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffin, M.G., 2008. The lived experience of first line managers during planned organizational change: A phenomenological study of one firm in the residential construction industry (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Fox News May Add Ingraham and Move Up Hannity. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wegner, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bringmann and Hyman, 2005; Wegner, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bringmann and Hyman, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. C. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1532-0456
Cell Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles