How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Catling, D.C., 2006. Comment on “A hydrogen-rich early Earth atmosphere.” Science 311, 38; author reply 38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucadamo, G., Medlin, D.L., 2003. Geometric origin of hexagonal close packing at a grain boundary in gold. Science 300, 1272–1275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Segawa, Y., Yamashita, M., Nozaki, K., 2006. Boryllithium: isolation, characterization, and reactivity as a boryl anion. Science 314, 113–115.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Su, H.-Y., Chen, J.-L., Wu, C., Deng, D.-L., Oh, C.H., 2013. Testing Leggett’s inequality using Aharonov-Casher effect. Sci. Rep. 3, 2492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherrie, J.W., Howie, R.M., Semple, S., 2010. Monitoring for Health Hazards at Work. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Song, I.-Y., Eder, J., Nguyen, T.M. (Eds.), 2008. Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 10th International Conference, DaWaK 2008 Turin, Italy, September 2-5, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Parsi, M.A., 2016. Cholangioscopy and Pancreatoscopy: Their Role in Benign and Malignant Disease, in: Adler, D.G. (Ed.), Advanced Pancreaticobiliary Endoscopy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Timelapse Shows A Wall Of Smog Descend On Beijing Within Minutes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. El Salvador: Pipeline of U.S. Aid as of August 1990 (No. NSIAD-90-285FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newsom, S.M., 2012. Love and Creativity: A Shared Dynamic (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dewan, S., 2014. Mostly White Forces in Mostly Black Towns: Police Struggle for Racial Diversity. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Catling, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Catling, 2006; Lucadamo and Medlin, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lucadamo and Medlin, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. C. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1532-0456
Cell Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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