How to format your references using the Genome Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genome Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Austin J. Reviewing the reviewers. Science. 2014;345:1206.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Deng M, Hochstrasser M. Spatially regulated ubiquitin ligation by an ER/nuclear membrane ligase. Nature. 2006;443:827–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Huynh WU, Dittmer JJ, Alivisatos AP. Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells. Science. 2002;295:2425–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Katsanis N, Ansley SJ, Badano JL, Eichers ER, Lewis RA, Hoskins BE, et al. Triallelic inheritance in Bardet-Biedl syndrome, a Mendelian recessive disorder. Science. 2001;293:2256–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Anjum B, Perros H. Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Gordon IJ, Prins HHT, editors. The Ecology of Browsing and Grazing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shah O, Marien T. Ureteral and Ureteroenteric Strictures. In: Monga M, editor. Ureteroscopy: Indications, Instrumentation & Technique. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. p. 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genome Medicine.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. China Has Apparently Been Testing The EmDrive In Space [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/china-has-apparently-been-testing-the-emdrive-in-space/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Condition of Information on Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Feb. Report No.: 129118.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Vickovic SG. Medical marijuana and the media [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Novick SM. Feast of Championships. New York Times. 2015 Jan 18;LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenome Medicine
AbbreviationGenome Med.
ISSN (online)1756-994X
ScopeGenetics
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Genetics(clinical)

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