How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farmer, E.E. 2001. Surface-to-air signals. Nature 411: 854–856.
A journal article with 2 authors
McLennan, M.R., and Hockings, K.J. 2014. Wild chimpanzees show group differences in selection of agricultural crops. Sci. Rep. 4: 5956.
A journal article with 3 authors
Monje, M.L., Toda, H., and Palmer, T.D. 2003. Inflammatory blockade restores adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Science 302: 1760–1765.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Graham, I.A., Besser, K., Blumer, S., Branigan, C.A., Czechowski, T., Elias, L., Guterman, I., Harvey, D., Isaac, P.G., Khan, A.M., Larson, T.R., Li, Y., Pawson, T., Penfield, T., Rae, A.M., Rathbone, D.A., Reid, S., Ross, J., Smallwood, M.F., Segura, V., Townsend, T., Vyas, D., Winzer, T., and Bowles, D. 2010. The genetic map of Artemisia annua L. identifies loci affecting yield of the antimalarial drug artemisinin. Science 327: 328–331.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yamaguchi, R., and Fujita, K.-I. 2014. Ligand Platforms in Homogenous Catalytic Reactions with Metals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shigemura, J., and Chhem, R.K. (eds.) 2016. Mental Health and Social Issues Following a Nuclear Accident: The Case of Fukushima. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Giorgi, E. 2013. 1995. Pages 65–78 in R. Betti, A. Guerraggio, and S. Termini, eds. Storie e protagonisti della matematica italiana: per raccontare 20 anni di «Lettera Matematica Pristem». Springer, Milano.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Plant Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015.June 16. Last Of Her Kind, This 100-Year-Old Turtle May Soon Be A Mom. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996. Consumer Health Informatics: Emerging Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liao, W. 2010. The epitope specificity of the human anti-Candida albicans antibody M1g1. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S.M. 2016.April 17. Where Po’ Boys Will Be Po’ Boys. New York Times: LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Farmer 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Farmer 2001; McLennan and Hockings 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McLennan and Hockings 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Graham et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Plant Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-4220
ISSN (online)1918-1833
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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