How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans, R.L. 2014. Geophysics: Making the Earth move. Nature 509: 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janvier, P., and Arsenault, M. 2002. Palaeobiology: calcification of early vertebrate cartilage. Nature 417: 609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palazzo, A., Ackerman, B., and Gundersen, G.G. 2003. Cell biology: Tubulin acetylation and cell motility. Nature 421: 230.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Davidson, D.W., Cook, S.C., Snelling, R.R., and Chua, T.H. 2003. Explaining the abundance of ants in lowland tropical rainforest canopies. Science 300: 969–972.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hulin, W., and Jin-Ting, Z. 2006. Nonparametric Regression Methods for Longitudinal Data Analysis: Mixed-Effects Modeling Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
McLysaght, A., and Huson, D.H. (eds.) 2005. Comparative Genomics: RECOMB 2005 International Workshop, RCG 2005, Dublin, Ireland, September 18-20, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
von Oertzen, W., and Milin, M. 2014. Covalent Binding on the Femtometer Scale: Nuclear Molecules. Pages 147–182 in C. Beck, ed. Clusters in Nuclei, Volume 3. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Plant Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015.August 5. We’re Only Just Starting To Understand The Side-Effects Of Driverless Cars. IFLScience. [Online] Available: [2018 Oct. 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2009. Federal Lands: Survey of Land Managers’ Perspectives of Off-Highway Vehicle Use (GAO-09-547SP, June 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-09-509. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mande, M. 2017. Sisyphus’s Fault: How the Shifting Terrain of a Changing Institution Makes Curriculum Reform an “Impossible Task.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2015.September 14. Russian Local Elections Draw Charges of Fraud. New York Times: A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Janvier and Arsenault 2002; Evans 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Janvier and Arsenault 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Davidson et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Plant Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-4220
ISSN (online)1918-1833
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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