How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thiffeault, J.-L. 2010. Oceans. Chaos in the Gulf. Science 330: 458–459.
A journal article with 2 authors
Edmunds, J.W., and Mahadevan, L.C. 2006. Cell signaling. Protein kinases seek close encounters with active genes. Science 313: 449–451.
A journal article with 3 authors
Corominas-Murtra, B., Fortuny, J., and Solé, R.V. 2014. Towards a mathematical theory of meaningful communication. Sci. Rep. 4: 4587.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goyal, A., Sokalingam, S., Hwang, K.-S., and Lee, S.-G. 2014. Identification of an ideal-like fingerprint for a protein fold using overlapped conserved residues based approach. Sci. Rep. 4: 5643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety 1995. Guidelines for Safe Process Operations and Maintenance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Membrey, P. 2015. Learn Raspberry Pi 2 with Linux and Windows 10. Edited ByD. Hows Second Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Khoury, R., and Harder, D.W. 2016. Taylor Series. Pages 67–75 in D.W. Harder, ed. Numerical Methods and Modelling for Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Plant Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015.April 9. Can You Get a Food Allergy From a Blood Transfusion? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1982. NSF Experiment in Research Grant Administration Promising. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kafi, W. 2013. The effects of patient demographic variables on cesarean section-related surgical site infection rates. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G. 2014.March 27. A Wealth of Ideas. New York Times: E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thiffeault 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Edmunds and Mahadevan 2006; Thiffeault 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Edmunds and Mahadevan 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Goyal et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Plant Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-4220
ISSN (online)1918-1833
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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