How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buskirk, S. 2004. Ecology. Keeping an eye on the neighbors. Science 306: 238–239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higgins, C.F., and Linton, K.J. 2001. Structural biology. The xyz of ABC transporters. Science 293: 1782–1784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shanavas, K.V., Parker, D., and Singh, D.J. 2014. Theoretical study on the role of dynamics on the unusual magnetic properties in MnBi. Sci. Rep. 4: 7222.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Esch, F., Fabris, S., Zhou, L., Montini, T., Africh, C., Fornasiero, P., Comelli, G., and Rosei, R. 2005. Electron localization determines defect formation on ceria substrates. Science 309: 752–755.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donald, H., and Robert D., G. 2006. Longitudinal Data Analysis: Hedeker/Longitudinal. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gould, J., Hoelmer, K., and Goolsby, J. (eds.) 2008. Classical Biological Control of Bemisia tabaci in the United States - A Review of Interagency Research and Implementation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Knutson, T.R., Zeng, F., Wittenberg, A., Kim, H.-S., Sirutis, J., Bender, M., Zhao, M., and Tuleya, R. 2014. Recent Research at GFDL on Surface Temperature Trends and Simulations of Tropical Cyclone Activity in the Indian Ocean Region. Pages 50–62 in U.C. Mohanty, M. Mohapatra, O.P. Singh, B.K. Bandyopadhyay, and L.S. Rathore, eds. Monitoring and Prediction of Tropical Cyclones in the Indian Ocean and Climate Change. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Plant Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016.August 4. According To Science, Are Male Or Female Orgasms Better? IFLScience. [Online] Available: [2018 Oct. 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1976. NASA Designation of Their Ames Facility to Be Lead Center for Helicopter Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cinquemani, S. 2017. Fostering New Spaces: Challenging Dominant Constructions of Power and Knowledge in Early Childhood Art Education. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. 2016.December 16. What Shot Rocky Up Those Steps. New York Times: AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buskirk 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Higgins and Linton 2001; Buskirk 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higgins and Linton 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Esch et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Plant Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-4220
ISSN (online)1918-1833
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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