How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walker, P. 2000. Nuclear physics. Doubly magic nickel. Nature 404: 447, 449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mescher, M.C., and De Moraes, C.M. 2014. Plant biology: Pass the ammunition. Nature 510: 221–222.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marshall, C.B., Fletcher, G.L., and Davies, P.L. 2004. Hyperactive antifreeze protein in a fish. Nature 429: 153.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fiebig, M., Lottermoser, T., Fröhlich, D., Goltsev, A.V., and Pisarev, R.V. 2002. Observation of coupled magnetic and electric domains. Nature 419: 818–820.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski, E.G. 2011. Hydromechanics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Pan, Z., Cheok, A.D., Müller, W., and Rhalibi, A.E. (eds.) 2009. Transactions on Edutainment II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Irby, D.J. 2016. Working with Adult Non-Completers to Address the School Dropout Problem. Pages 71–85 in E.R. Drame and D.J. Irby, eds. Black Participatory Research: Power, Identity, and the Struggle for Justice in Education. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Plant Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015.October 31. The Huge “Asteroid” Set To Fly Past Earth Today Is Actually A Dead Comet - And It Looks Just Like A Skull! IFLScience. [Online] Available: [2018 Oct. 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1991. Perkins Student Loans: Need for Better Controls Over Loans Recovered From Closed Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tarar, W.A. 2008. A New Finite Element Procedure for Fatigue Life Predictionand High Strain Rate Assessment of Cold Worked Advanced High Strength Steel. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F. 2006.November 19. Long Island Weekend: A 48-Hour Treadmill of Activity -- Sunday. New York Times: 14LI13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walker 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Walker 2000; Mescher and De Moraes 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mescher and De Moraes 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Fiebig et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Plant Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-4220
ISSN (online)1918-1833
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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