How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colliex, C. 2012. Materials science. Watching solution growth of nanoparticles in graphene cells. Science 336: 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Riser, S.C., and Johnson, K.S. 2008. Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean. Nature 451: 323–325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiorillo, C.D., Tobler, P.N., and Schultz, W. 2003. Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons. Science 299: 1898–1902.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marriner, N., Morhange, C., Kaniewski, D., and Carayon, N. 2014. Ancient harbour infrastructure in the Levant: tracking the birth and rise of new forms of anthropogenic pressure. Sci. Rep. 4: 5554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shynk, J.J. 2016. Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Meersman, R., Panetto, H., Dillon, T., Missikoff, M., Liu, L., Pastor, O., Cuzzocrea, A., and Sellis, T. (eds.) 2014. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2014 Conferences: Confederated International Conferences: CoopIS, and ODBASE 2014, Amantea, Italy, October 27-31, 2014, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pohlmann, M. 2013. The Migration of Elites in a Borderless World: Citizenship as an Incentive for Professionals and Managers? Pages 59–70 in M. Pohlmann, J. Yang, and J.-H. Lee, eds. Citizenship and Migration in the Era of Globalization: The Flow of Migrants and the Perception of Citizenship in Asia and Europe. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Plant Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016.October 11. New Technique Mimics Animal Senses To Screen For Toxic Chemicals. IFLScience. [Online] Available: [2018 Oct. 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1989. Health Care: Children’s Medical Services Programs in 10 States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
He, W. 2017. A Comprehensive Analysis of Fracture Initiation and Propagation in Sandstones based on Micro-Level Observation and Digital Imaging Correlation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. 2016.February 3. A Warning on Bankruptcy in Puerto Rico’s Debt Crisis. New York Times: B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colliex 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Riser and Johnson 2008; Colliex 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Riser and Johnson 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Marriner et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Plant Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-4220
ISSN (online)1918-1833
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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