How to format your references using the Transplantation Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transplantation Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Butler D. Spiralling costs dog comet mission. Nature. 2003;423:372.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kubatko LS, Pearl DK. Evolution. Seeing the trees in your terrace. Science. 2011;333:411–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chen M, McCauley JW, Hemker KJ. Shock-induced localized amorphization in boron carbide. Science. 2003;299:1563–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Miller MJ, Wei SH, Parker I, Cahalan MD. Two-photon imaging of lymphocyte motility and antigen response in intact lymph node. Science. 2002;296:1869–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hochberg Z. Evo-Devo of Child Growth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Perna C, Sibillo M, editors. Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance. Milano: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lourenço R, Lourenço N, Horta N. Kernel Validation Using CEC2009 Benchmarks. In: Lourenço N, Horta N, editors. AIDA-CMK: Multi-Algorithm Optimization Kernel Applied to Analog IC Sizing. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 43–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transplantation Research.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Man Given Eight-Inch Bionic Penis After Losing Use Of Genitals In An Accident [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/man-given-eight-inch-bionic-penis-after-losing-use-genitals-accident/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Impact of New Trade Compliance Strategy Needs to Be Assessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Dec. Report No.: GGD-00-23.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Estep KL. Outreach Communication by Grassroots Environmental Organizations: A Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Russian Takes Critical Tone On Economy. New York Times. 2008 Jun 8;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransplantation Research
AbbreviationTransplant. Res.
ISSN (online)2047-1440
Scope

Other styles