How to format your references using the World Applied Sciences Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Applied Sciences Journal (WASJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenfield, P.M., 2009. Technology and informal education: what is taught, what is learned. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5910): 69–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paerl, H.W. and T.G. Otten, 2013. Environmental science. Blooms bite the hand that feeds them. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6157): 433–434.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krieger, M.J., J.B. Billeter and L. Keller, 2000. Ant-like task allocation and recruitment in cooperative robots. Nature, 406(6799): 992–995.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Holden, L.G., C. Prochnow, Y.P. Chang, R. Bransteitter, L. Chelico, U. Sen, R.C. Stevens, M.F. Goodman and X.S. Chen, 2008. Crystal structure of the anti-viral APOBEC3G catalytic domain and functional implications. Nature, 456(7218): 121–124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coutts, J., 2013. Loft Conversions. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Leeuwen, J. van, A. Muscholl, D. Peleg, J. Pokorný and B. Rumpe, eds., 2010. SOFSEM 2010: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 36th Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Špindlerův Mlýn, Czech Republic, January 23-29, 2010. Proceedings. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Horváth, L. and I.J. Rudas, 2015. Intelligent Content for Product Definition in RFLP Structure, In Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques: 13th International Conference, SoMeT 2014, Langkawi, Malaysia, September 22-24, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, H. Fujita, A. Selamat, eds., Springer International Publishing, pp: 55–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Applied Sciences Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S., Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Surface Transportation: Competitive Grant Programs Could Benefit from Increased Performance Focus and Better Documentation of Key Decisions. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kehoe, R.M., Parental long-term care choices from the perspectives of their sandwich-generation adult children, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. Suozzi Offers Plan to Shore Up Aviation Museum. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Applied Sciences Journal
AbbreviationWorld Appl. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)1818-4952
ISSN (online)1991-6426

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