How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Corridor at the crossroads: Michigan. Nature 2002;420:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Enemark EJ, Joshua-Tor L. Mechanism of DNA translocation in a replicative hexameric helicase. Nature 2006;442:270–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tynan CT, DeMaster DP, Peterson WT. Endangered right whales on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf. Science 2001;294:1894.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jones MWM, Elgass K, Junker MD, et al. Mapping biological composition through quantitative phase and absorption X-ray ptychography. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:6796.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smith JDH, Romanowska AB. Post-Modern Algebra. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1999.
An edited book
1. Arapis G, Goncharova N, Baveye P eds. Ecotoxicology, Ecological Risk Assessment and Multiple Stressors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Noriega P, de Jonge D. Electronic Institutions: The EI/EIDE Framework. In: Aldewereld H, Boissier O, Dignum V, Noriega P, Padget J, editors. Social Coordination Frameworks for Social Technical Systems. Law, Governance and Technology Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016:47–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Hubble’s Incredible Final Image Of The Frontier Fields. IFLScience 2017. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/hubbles-incredible-final-image-of-the-frontier-fields/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Technology Assessment: Water in the Energy Sector: Reducing Freshwater Use in Hydraulic Fracturing and Thermoelectric Power Plant Cooling. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Allard L. Exposure to Low-Level Ionizing Radiation and Risk of Leukemia and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in Participants of the Fernald Medical Monitoring Program. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Once ‘All In,’ Mets Are More Than 10 Games Out at the All-Star Break. New York Times 2017:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0735-1097
ISSN (online)1558-3597
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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