How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rakic P. Neurobiology. Neurocreationism--making new cortical maps. Science 2001;294:1011–1012.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kidner CA, Martienssen RA. Spatially restricted microRNA directs leaf polarity through ARGONAUTE1. Nature 2004;428:81–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Franco A, Malhotra N, Simonovits G. Social science. Publication bias in the social sciences: unlocking the file drawer. Science 2014;345:1502–1505.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yeh A, Soh Y-A, Brooke J, Aeppli G, Rosenbaum TF, Hayden SM. Quantum phase transition in a common metal. Nature 2002;419:459–462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sarisky D. Scriptural Interpretation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Pisani M ed. Aging and Lung Disease: A Clinical Guide. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Koshita Y. Effect of Temperature on Fruit Color Development. In: Kanayama Y, Kochetov A, editors. Abiotic Stress Biology in Horticultural Plants. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2015:47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Supercharged Vancomycin Kills Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria. IFLScience 2017. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Seger JL. The Occupy Movement: Signs of Cultural Shifts in Group Processes Shaped by Place. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Mets Cap Busy Day of Moves by Acquiring a Closer. New York Times 2017:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0735-1097
ISSN (online)1558-3597
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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