How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Julian B. Plate tectonics. Seismological detection of slab metamorphism. Science 2002;296:1625–1626.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Apesteguía S, Novas FE. Large Cretaceous sphenodontian from Patagonia provides insight into lepidosaur evolution in Gondwana. Nature 2003;425:609–612.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mulligan CJ, Kitchen A, Miyamoto MM. Comment on “Population size does not influence mitochondrial genetic diversity in animals.” Science 2006;314:1390.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Duan X, Huang Y, Agarwal R, Lieber CM. Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers. Nature 2003;421:241–245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Keene J. Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Besson J. Non-Linear Mechanics of Materials. (Cailletaud G, Chaboche J-L, Forest S, editors.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bassiony M. Head and Neck Anatomy. In: Radosevich JA, editor. Head & Neck Cancer: Current Perspectives, Advances, and Challenges. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013:87–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Hubble’s Ultraviolet Telescope Has Revealed More About The Stars Than We Could Ever See. IFLScience 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/hubble-s-ultraviolet-telescope-has-revealed-more-about-stars-we-could-ever-see/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Stafford Student Loans: Millions of Dollars in Loans Awarded to Ineligible Borrowers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gage JD. An inconsistency-based approach for sensing assessment in unknown environments. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly D. BASEBALL BOOKS IN BRIEF. New York Times 2003:718.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0735-1097
ISSN (online)1558-3597
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles