How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Perkel JM. Lab-inventory management: Time to take stock. Nature 2015;524:125–126.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bouhifd MA, Jephcoat AP. Aluminium control of argon solubility in silicate melts under pressure. Nature 2006;439:961–964.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Totan Y, Güler E, Dervişoğulları MS. Brilliant Blue G assisted epiretinal membrane surgery. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:3956.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bailey JA, Gu Z, Clark RA, et al. Recent segmental duplications in the human genome. Science 2002;297:1003–1007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wood T, Anderson M, Analytics F. The Commercial Real Estate Tsunami. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Harrison SD, Welch GF, Adler A eds. Perspectives on Males and Singing. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Schweingruber FH, Börner A, Schulze E-D. Anatomical Adaptations to Environmental Conditions. In: Börner A, Schulze E-D, editors. Atlas of Stem Anatomy in Herbs, Shrubs and Trees: Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013:355–370.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Divers Find The Flying Spaghetti Monster Under The Ocean. IFLScience 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/flying-spaghetti-monster-real/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Women in the Workplace: An Annotated Bibliography. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Anthony PJ. Determining courses of action for educational leaders to achieve Adequate Yearly Progress. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Powell M. Power Players Behind A Gooden Ceremony. New York Times 2017:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0735-1097
ISSN (online)1558-3597
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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