How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Growth Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Growth Regulation (J Plant Growth Regul). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldecott KW (2003) Cell signaling. The BRCT domain: signaling with friends? Science 302:579–580
A journal article with 2 authors
Hagoort P, Levelt WJM (2009) Neuroscience. The speaking brain. Science 326:372–373
A journal article with 3 authors
Ogawa Y, Sun BK, Lee JT (2008) Intersection of the RNA interference and X-inactivation pathways. Science 320:1336–1341
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kovalchuk O, Dubrova YE, Arkhipov A, et al (2000) Wheat mutation rate after Chernobyl. Nature 407:583–584

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rajagopal R (2014) Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Barrett MS, Stauffer SL (eds) (2012) Narrative Soundings: An Anthology of Narrative Inquiry in Music Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Aral A, Gupta V, Agarwal RP (2013) q-Bernstein-Type Integral Operators. In: Gupta V, Agarwal RP (eds) Applications of q-Calculus in Operator Theory. Springer, New York, NY, pp 113–144

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Growth Regulation.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Plastic Banknotes: New Fingerprint Technique Means Criminals Can’t Avoid Capture. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) New Alien Identification System--Little Help in Stopping Illegal Aliens. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson EA (2012) Exploring the Barriers to Online-Business Profitability for Small Business. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
The following scouting report on the Oakland Athletics was prepared by Tom Kelly, The Manager of The, with the editorial assistance of Michael Martinez (1988) This Team Flattens Opponents. New York Times D17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Endy 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Steed 2000; Mann 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hagoort and Levelt 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Smit et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Growth Regulation
AbbreviationJ. Plant Growth Regul.
ISSN (print)0721-7595
ISSN (online)1435-8107
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

Other styles