How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Growth Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sifers RN (2010) Medicine. Clearing conformational disease. Science 329:154–155
A journal article with 2 authors
Du C, Xiao M (2014) Cu2O nanoparticles synthesis by microplasma. Sci Rep 4:7339
A journal article with 3 authors
Blüher M, Kahn BB, Kahn CR (2003) Extended longevity in mice lacking the insulin receptor in adipose tissue. Science 299:572–574
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Quezada JC, Saussine G, Breul P, Radjaï F (2014) Predicting the settlement of coarse granular materials under vertical loading. Sci Rep 4:5707

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz HR, Porretta S, Silcher M (2008) Concept Research in Food Product Design and Development. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Fortino G, Trunfio P (eds) (2014) Internet of Things Based on Smart Objects: Technology, Middleware and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Lee KW, Yau JXR, Said N, et al (2016) Designing a Collaborative Malaysian-Vietnamese Online Writing Project: A Design-Based Research. In: Luaran JE, Sardi J, Aziz A, Alias NA (eds) Envisioning the Future of Online Learning: Selected Papers from the International Conference on e-Learning 2015. Springer, Singapore, pp 53–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Growth Regulation.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Do Humans Need Dairy? Here’s The Science. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Influence Of Public Affairs Organizations On Information And Advertising Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takayama M (2010) The development of writing in Japanese and English of JHL speakers and the dynamics of bilingual learning. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2010) Out of the Closet and Up, Up and Away. New York Times ST1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sifers 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sifers 2010; Du and Xiao 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Du and Xiao 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Quezada et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Growth Regulation
AbbreviationJ. Plant Growth Regul.
ISSN (print)0721-7595
ISSN (online)1435-8107
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

Other styles