How to format your references using the Translational Neurodegeneration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Neurodegeneration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ron D. Cell biology. Stressed cells cope with protein overload. Science. 2006;313:52–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Takeuchi T, Morris RGM. Neuroscience: Shedding light on a change of mind. Nature. 2014;513:323–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Terry LJ, Shows EB, Wente SR. Crossing the nuclear envelope: hierarchical regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport. Science. 2007;318:1412–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Piot P, Bartos M, Ghys PD, Walker N, Schwartländer B. The global impact of HIV/AIDS. Nature. 2001;410:968–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Johnson DW, Woodward JL. Release. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. De Doncker R. Advanced Electrical Drives: Analysis, Modeling, Control. Pulle DWJ, Veltman A, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. de Arruda MCC. Latin America: Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility in Latin American Small and Medium Sized Enterprises: Challenging Development. In: Spence L, Painter-Morland M, editors. Ethics in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises: A Global Commentary. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Neurodegeneration.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Blue Hole In South China Sea Declared World’s Deepest Underwater Sinkhole. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commercial Trucking: Safety Concerns About Mexican Trucks Remain Even as Inspection Activity Increases. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: RCED-97-68.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Frantz DE. The effects of Aroclor 1254 on the reproductive function of male round stingrays (Urobatis halleri) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schwartz J. Measure in Florida That Claims to Support Solar Power Could Discourage It. New York Times. 2016 Oct 27;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Neurodegeneration
AbbreviationTransl. Neurodegener.
ISSN (online)2047-9158
Scope

Other styles