How to format your references using the ACI Materials Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACI Materials Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baruch, J. “Practical science has a global reach and appeal,” Nature, V. 507, No. 7491, 2014, p. 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chittka, L., and Schürkens, S. “Successful invasion of a floral market,” Nature, V. 411, No. 6838, 2001, p. 653.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abelson, M., Baer, G., and Agnon, A. “Evidence from gabbro of the Troodos ophiolite for lateral magma transport along a slow-spreading mid-ocean ridge,” Nature, V. 409, No. 6816, 2001, pp. 72–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ju, B. G., Jeong, S., Bae, E., et al. “Fringe forms a complex with Notch,” Nature, V. 405, No. 6783, 2000, pp. 191–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grist, F. “Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing,” Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
Zheng, R. “Sequential Learning and Decision-Making in Wireless Resource Management,” Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, XIII, 118 p. 22 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Grand, M., Bossuet, L., Le Gal, B., et al. “Design and Implementation of a Multi-Core Crypto-Processor for Software Defined Radios.” In: Koch, A., Krishnamurthy, R., McAllister, J. et al., eds. Reconfigurable Computing: Architectures, Tools and Applications: 7th International Symposium, ARC 2011, Belfast, UK, March 23-25, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2011. pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACI Materials Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. “Pythons And Boas Evolved In Parallel.” IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Motor Carrier Safety: More Assessment and Transparency Could Enhance Benefits of New Oversight Program,” Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, S. F. “Life-review therapy: A prevention program for the elderly who are experiencing life transitions. A grant proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. “Positive Outlook in the Face of Cancer and Grief,” New York Times, 2016, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACI Materials Journal
ISSN (print)0889-325x
ISSN (online)1944-737X

Other styles