How to format your references using the ACI Materials Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACI Materials Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swift, J. “The point of it all,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 346, No. 6211, 2014, p. 882.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barve, A., and Wagner, A. “A latent capacity for evolutionary innovation through exaptation in metabolic systems,” Nature, V. 500, No. 7461, 2013, pp. 203–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Efremov, R. G., Baradaran, R., and Sazanov, L. A. “The architecture of respiratory complex I,” Nature, V. 465, No. 7297, 2010, pp. 441–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kimura, Y., Hisano, Y., Kawahara, A., et al. “Efficient generation of knock-in transgenic zebrafish carrying reporter/driver genes by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome engineering,” Scientific reports, V. 4, 2014, p. 6545.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reed, S. M., and Hrci. “The HRCI Official Body of Knowledge,” Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2017.
An edited book
Kubicek, C. P., and Druzhinina, I. S., eds. “Environmental and Microbial Relationships,” v. vol. 4, 2nd edition, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2007, XXIV, 350 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Alfred, W., and John, A. “Stigmergic Navigation for Multi-Agent Teams in Complex Environments.” In: Crina, G., Vitorino, R., eds. Stigmergic Optimization. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2006. pp. 85–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACI Materials Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. “Six Awesome Facts We Learned About Pluto This Week.” IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Mass Transit: Status of New Starts Program and Potential for Bus Rapid Transit Projects,” Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Navarro, C. “Advocacy services for high-risk Latino families caring for children with autism: A grant proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. “In Seeking Taxes, New York Challenges India and Mongolia in U.S. Supreme Court,” New York Times, 2007, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACI Materials Journal
ISSN (print)0889-325x
ISSN (online)1944-737X

Other styles