How to format your references using the ACI Materials Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACI Materials Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaplan, K. “Unmasking the impostor,” Nature, V. 459, No. 7245, 2009, pp. 468–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Remondes, M., and Schuman, E. M. “Role for a cortical input to hippocampal area CA1 in the consolidation of a long-term memory,” Nature, V. 431, No. 7009, 2004, pp. 699–703.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A., and Oganesyan, V. “Physics. Electron nematic phase in a transition metal oxide,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 315, No. 5809, 2007, pp. 196–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zou, P., Pinotsis, N., Lange, S., et al. “Palindromic assembly of the giant muscle protein titin in the sarcomeric Z-disk,” Nature, V. 439, No. 7073, 2006, pp. 229–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCormick, K., and Salcedo, J. “SPSS reg Statistics for Data Analysis and Visualization,” Indianapolis, Indiana, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
Murthy, C. R. “Modelling and Monitoring of Coastal Marine Processes,” Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2008, X, 246 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, J. S., and Hochman, M. G. “Osseous Tumors.” In: Hochman, M. G., ed. Bone Tumors: A Practical Guide to Imaging. New York, NY, Springer, 2012. pp. 113–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACI Materials Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. “New Hypothesis Shows How Supermassive Black Holes Formed.” IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Federal Research: Policies Guiding the Dissemination of Scientific Research from Selected Agencies Should Be Clarified and Better Communicated,” Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joubert, B. R. “Human genetic susceptibility to mother to child transmission of HIV: A study of mother-infant pairs in Malawi.” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. “Hands Speak Louder Than Words,” New York Times, 2014, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACI Materials Journal
ISSN (print)0889-325x
ISSN (online)1944-737X

Other styles