How to format your references using the ACI Materials Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACI Materials Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K. “Neuroscience: Rewiring the brain,” Nature, V. 522, No. 7557, 2015, pp. S50-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhart, B. J., and Bartel, D. P. “Small RNAs correspond to centromere heterochromatic repeats,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 297, No. 5588, 2002, p. 1831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bushey, D., Tononi, G., and Cirelli, C. “Sleep and synaptic homeostasis: structural evidence in Drosophila,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 332, No. 6037, 2011, pp. 1576–81.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sullivan, N. J., Geisbert, T. W., Geisbert, J. B., et al. “Accelerated vaccination for Ebola virus haemorrhagic fever in non-human primates,” Nature, V. 424, No. 6949, 2003, pp. 681–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalanne, C. “Mechanical Shock,” Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Macheras, P. “Modeling in Biopharmaceutics, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Approaches,” v. vol. 30, 2nd ed. 2016, Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, XXII, 483 p. 157 illus., 1 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Münch, J., Armbrust, O., Kowalczyk, M., et al. “Process Modeling Notations and Tools.” In: Armbrust, O., Kowalczyk, M., Soto, M., eds. Software Process Definition and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012. pp. 111–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACI Materials Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. “Birds Go Nuts Choosing Most Promising Shell.” IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “USDA Proposal To Acquire Automatic Data Processing Equipment,” Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hantgan, A. “Aspects of Bangime Phonology, Morphology, and Morphosyntax.” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Etheredge, P. by G. “The High Line,” New York Times, 2016, p. RE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACI Materials Journal
ISSN (print)0889-325x
ISSN (online)1944-737X

Other styles