How to format your references using the ACI Materials Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACI Materials Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. “Mapping life-science skills,” Nature, V. 427, No. 6973, 2004, p. 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rouyer, F., and Chatterjee, A. “Circadian clocks: A receptor for subtle temperature changes,” Nature, V. 527, No. 7579, 2015, pp. 449–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mooney, H., Cropper, A., and Reid, W. “Confronting the human dilemma,” Nature, V. 434, No. 7033, 2005, pp. 561–2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiong, J. P., Stehle, T., Diefenbach, B., et al. “Crystal structure of the extracellular segment of integrin alpha Vbeta3,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 294, No. 5541, 2001, pp. 339–45.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertolo, D. “Interactions on Digital Tablets in the Context of 3D Geometry Learning,” Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Krutmann, J., and Humbert, P., eds. “Nutrition for Healthy Skin: Strategies for Clinical and Cosmetic Practice,” Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2011, X, 208 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, D.-H., Kim, K.-R., and Kim, H.-J. “Bunker Oil C Heating Using Induction Heating.” In: Lee, J., Lee, M. C., Liu, H. et al., eds. Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 6th International Conference, ICIRA 2013, Busan, South Korea, September 25-28, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013. pp. 25–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACI Materials Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. “Life Would Go On in Hot, Stinky World Without Microbes.” IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “HUD Information Systems: Immature Software Acquisition Capability Increases Project Risks,” Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forshey, T. M. “Neural basis of the neurological diagnostic power of vibrotactile sensory testing.” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by BEN SISARIO. “Graphic Bullying,” New York Times, 2010, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACI Materials Journal
ISSN (print)0889-325x
ISSN (online)1944-737X

Other styles