How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McNutt M. Climate change impacts. Science. 2013;341:435.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Elsner C, Abel B. Ultrafast high-resolution mass spectrometric finger pore imaging in latent finger prints. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6905.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Christodoulides DN, Lederer F, Silberberg Y. Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices. Nature. 2003;424:817–23.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pappu R, Recht B, Taylor J, Gershenfeld N. Physical one-way functions. Science. 2002;297:2026–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Heckman R. Designing Platform Independent Mobile Apps and Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Bast G, Carayannis EG, Campbell DFJ, editors. Arts, Research, Innovation and Society. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Poveda RL, Gupta N. Environmental Effects on CNF/Polymer Composites. In: Gupta N, editor. Carbon Nanofiber Reinforced Polymer Composites. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 43–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Neurology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists May Have Finally Detected A Dark Matter Signal. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Apr. Report No.: GAO-14-315.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Iniguez A. The Latino immigrant families and involvement with child welfare system: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Has Another Debt Worry on Horizon. New York Times. 2015 Aug 5;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Neurology
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Neurol.
ISSN (print)1092-8480
ISSN (online)1534-3138
ScopeClinical Neurology

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