How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rampling J. Tudor technology: Shakespeare and science. Nature. 2014;508:39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Voesenek LACJ, Pierik R. Plant science. Plant stress profiles. Science. 2008;320:880–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Titus SL, Wells JA, Rhoades LJ. Repairing research integrity. Nature. 2008;453:980–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mitchell TM, Shinkareva SV, Carlson A, Chang K-M, Malave VL, Mason RA, et al. Predicting human brain activity associated with the meanings of nouns. Science. 2008;320:1191–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ersoy OK. Diffraction, Fourier Optics and Imaging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Degiorgio V. Note di fotonica. Cristiani I, editor. Milano: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Attarian HP, Undevia NS. Epileptiform Abnormalities. In: Undevia NS, editor. Atlas of Electroencephalography in Sleep Medicine. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. p. 47–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Neurology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Invasive Weeds Sustain Malaria-Spreading Mosquitoes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Integration of Current Implementation Efforts with Long-term Planning for the Next Generation Air Transportation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Nov. Report No.: GAO-11-132R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Clement TE. The makings of digital modernism: Rereading Gertrude Stein’s “The Making of Americans” and poetry by Elsa von Freytag -Loringhoven [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. ‘Friday File’: The Whitney’s 1966 Debut (Now the Met Breuer). New York Times. 2016 Feb 26;C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Neurology
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Neurol.
ISSN (print)1092-8480
ISSN (online)1534-3138
ScopeClinical Neurology

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