How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Humphries C. Drug development: a complicated path. Nature. 2014;515:S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Meldrum FC, Sear RP. Materials science. Now you see them. Science. 2008;322:1802–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sinclair ARE, Mduma S, Brashares JS. Patterns of predation in a diverse predator-prey system. Nature. 2003;425:288–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bivona TG, Pérez De Castro I, Ahearn IM, Grana TM, Chiu VK, Lockyer PJ, et al. Phospholipase Cgamma activates Ras on the Golgi apparatus by means of RasGRP1. Nature. 2003;424:694–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Paschedag AR. CFD in der Verfahrenstechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1. Nickerson CA, Pellis NR, Ott CM, editors. Effect of Spaceflight and Spaceflight Analogue Culture on Human and Microbial Cells: Novel Insights into Disease Mechanisms. 1st ed. 2016. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bresciani R, Butterfield A. A Probabilistic Theory of Designs Based on Distributions. In: Wolff B, Gaudel M-C, Feliachi A, editors. Unifying Theories of Programming: 4th International Symposium, UTP 2012, Paris, France, August 27-28, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 105–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Neurology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Cell Structure Has A Similar Shape To Matter In Neutron Stars. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Unresolved Issues Involving U.S.-Registered Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jun. Report No.: RCED-93-135.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McCarter KM. The effect of auditory stimulation on learners with different learning styles [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sulcas R. Alla Sizova, Star Kirov Ballerina, 75. New York Times. 2014 Dec 9;B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Neurology
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Neurol.
ISSN (print)1092-8480
ISSN (online)1534-3138
ScopeClinical Neurology

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