How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dagotto E. Complexity in strongly correlated electronic systems. Science. 2005;309:257–62.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kalinin SV, Spaldin NA. Materials science. Functional ion defects in transition metal oxides. Science. 2013;341:858–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Keller KE, Tan IS, Lee Y-S. SAICAR stimulates pyruvate kinase isoform M2 and promotes cancer cell survival in glucose-limited conditions. Science. 2012;338:1069–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schunck CH, Shin Y-I, Schirotzek A, Ketterle W. Determination of the fermion pair size in a resonantly interacting superfluid. Nature. 2008;454:739–43.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. CCPS. Safe Design and Operation of Process Vents and Emission Control Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Zheng R. Sequential Learning and Decision-Making in Wireless Resource Management. Hua C, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Strand P. Introduction – Norwegian Perspective on Nuclear Legacy. In: Sneve MK, Kiselev MF, editors. Challenges in Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Nuclear Legacy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 27–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Neurology.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Deadly Medical Errors Are Less Common Than Headlines Suggest [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Questions on Administrative Costs of an Equipment Subsidy Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-837R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Aghaee M. Analysis of Dynamics and Optimal Control for an SIR Epidemiological Model with Time-varying Populations [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. Feeding Nostalgia With a Remix. New York Times. 2016 Aug 29;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Neurology
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Neurol.
ISSN (print)1092-8480
ISSN (online)1534-3138
ScopeClinical Neurology

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