How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Boyle E. Oceanography. Oceanic salt switch. Science. 2002;298:1724–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kuwahara H, Gao X. Stochastic effects as a force to increase the complexity of signaling networks. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2297.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ninomiya H, Elinson RP, Winklbauer R. Antero-posterior tissue polarity links mesoderm convergent extension to axial patterning. Nature. 2004;430:364–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bond HE, Henden A, Levay ZG, Panagia N, Sparks WB, Starrfield S, et al. An energetic stellar outburst accompanied by circumstellar light echoes. Nature. 2003;422:405–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lawless HT. Quantitative Sensory Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1. Kiang TKL, Wilby KJ, Ensom MHH, editors. Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Drug Interactions Associated with Antiretroviral Drugs. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cleophas TJ, Zwinderman AH. Ordinal Scaling for Clinical Scores with Inconsistent Intervals (900 Patients with Different Levels of Health). In: Zwinderman AH, editor. Machine Learning in Medicine - Cookbook Three. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 29–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Neurology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Homemade Magneto Shoes Let This X-Men Fan Walk On The Ceiling. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Freight Transportation: Short Sea Shipping Option Shows Importance of Systematic Approach to Public Investment Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jul. Report No.: GAO-05-768.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Eaglin M. A secondary data analysis of Latino families who successfully terminated with family preservation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Branch J. Cheers on a Soccer Field, Far From Las Vegas. New York Times. 2017 Oct 11;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Neurology
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Neurol.
ISSN (print)1092-8480
ISSN (online)1534-3138
ScopeClinical Neurology

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