How to format your references using the Nurse Education in Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nurse Education in Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Irvine, R., 2007. Cell signaling. The art of the soluble. Science 316, 845–846.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rinberg, D., Davidowitz, H., 2000. Do cockroaches “know” about fluid dynamics? Nature 405, 756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berg, E., Metlitski, M.A., Sachdev, S., 2012. Sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo of the onset of antiferromagnetism in metals. Science 338, 1606–1609.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bowler, J.M., Johnston, H., Olley, J.M., Prescott, J.R., Roberts, R.G., Shawcross, W., Spooner, N.A., 2003. New ages for human occupation and climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia. Nature 421, 837–840.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lagraña, F., 2016. E-mail and Behavioral Changes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rumley, D., Forbes, V.L., Griffin, C. (Eds.), 2006. Australia’s Arc of Instability: The Political and Cultural Dynamics of Regional Security, The GeoJournal Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaburaki, T., 2015. Ocular Involvement, in: Ishigatsubo, Y. (Ed.), Behçet’s Disease: From Genetics to Therapies. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 55–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nurse Education in Practice.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Researchers Discover New Critters Who Feed on Human Corpses [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-98-13(3)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masumdar, S., 2017. Vibration-based electromagnetic energy harvester for low-frequency road traffic (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Madoff Had Everything to Do With Reyes’s Leaving. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Irvine, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Irvine, 2007; Rinberg and Davidowitz, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rinberg and Davidowitz, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Bowler et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNurse Education in Practice
AbbreviationNurse Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1471-5953
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Nursing

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