How to format your references using the Nurse Education in Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nurse Education in Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hedin, L.O., 2015. Biogeochemistry: signs of saturation in the tropical carbon sink. Nature 519, 295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heyes, C.M., Frith, C.D., 2014. The cultural evolution of mind reading. Science 344, 1243091.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonneh, Y.S., Cooperman, A., Sagi, D., 2001. Motion-induced blindness in normal observers. Nature 411, 798–801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tabata, K., Braam, D., Kushida, S., Tong, L., Kuwabara, J., Kanbara, T., Beckel, A., Lorke, A., Yamamoto, Y., 2014. Self-assembled conjugated polymer spheres as fluorescent microresonators. Sci. Rep. 4, 5902.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinyer, A., 2012. Palliative and End of Life Care for Children and Young People. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Marini, A., Talbi, M. (Eds.), 2009. Desertification and Risk Analysis Using High and Medium Resolution Satellite Data: Training Workshop on Mapping Desertification, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoo, Y., Hwang, I., Choi, S., 2011. Consonance Perception of Vibrotactile Chords: A Feasibility Study, in: Cooper, E.W., Kryssanov, V.V., Ogawa, H., Brewster, S. (Eds.), Haptic and Audio Interaction Design: 6th International Workshop, HAID 2011, Kusatsu, Japan, August 25-26, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 42–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nurse Education in Practice.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Amputee Gamer Gets Bionic Arm That Has Its Own Drone [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Answers to Questions With Regard to Statements on the Office of Technology Assessment (No. B-177806). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliver, C.N., 2008. The relationship between length of kindergarten day and student literacy and math achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W., 2015. Killing of 10 Soldiers Deals a Setback to Colombian Peace Talks. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hedin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hedin, 2015; Heyes and Frith, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heyes and Frith, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tabata et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNurse Education in Practice
AbbreviationNurse Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1471-5953
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Nursing

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