How to format your references using the Nurse Education in Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nurse Education in Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2003. Chicken flu races through Dutch poultry farms. Nature 422, 247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, T.M., Cleveland, D.W., 2005. Medicine. Treating neurodegenerative diseases with antibiotics. Science 307, 361–362.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellberg, M.E., Balch, D.P., Roy, K., 2001. Climate-driven range expansion and morphological evolution in a marine gastropod. Science 292, 1707–1710.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tang, Y., Katuri, V., Dillner, A., Mishra, B., Deng, C.-X., Mishra, L., 2003. Disruption of transforming growth factor-beta signaling in ELF beta-spectrin-deficient mice. Science 299, 574–577.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGuiggan, P., 2005. GPRS in Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dong, G., Lin, X., Wang, W., Yang, Y., Yu, J.X. (Eds.), 2007. Advances in Data and Web Management: Joint 9th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2007, and 8th International Conference, on Web-Age Information Management, WAIM 2007, Huang Shan, China, June 16-18, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
McGinty, S., 2016. From the Boardroom to the Corner Store: Globalization, Law and Economic Organization, in: Fenwick, M., Wrbka, S. (Eds.), Flexibility in Modern Business Law: A Comparative Assessment. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 49–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nurse Education in Practice.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. A 700,000-Year-Old Fossil Find Shows The Hobbits’ Ancestors Were Even Smaller [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. College Work-Study Program at the Bay College of Maryland (No. 089626). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malekian, A., 2009. Combinatorial problems in online advertising (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robbins, L., 2013. Restaurants Were His Life. New York Times MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Miller and Cleveland, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Cleveland, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNurse Education in Practice
AbbreviationNurse Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1471-5953
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Nursing

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