How to format your references using the Translational Medicine of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Medicine of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Makovicky, Comment on “Decagonal and quasi-crystalline tilings in medieval Islamic architecture,” Science. 318 (2007) 1383; author reply 1383.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.K. Goyal, T. Konrad, Teleporting photonic qudits using multimode quantum scissors, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3548.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Bao, V.T. Chan, M.M. Merzenich, Cortical remodelling induced by activity of ventral tegmental dopamine neurons, Nature. 412 (2001) 79–83.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Ali, K. Sugimoto, A. Ramadan, G.-I. Arimura, Memory of plant communications for priming anti-herbivore responses, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Schrör, Acetylsalicylic Acid, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
N. Gülpınar, P. Harrison, B. Rüstem, eds., Performance Models and Risk Management in Communications Systems, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-P. Close, E. de Groot, P. Cluitmans, Event-Linked Communication, in: J.-P. Close (Ed.), AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City: Phase 3: Civilian Participation – Including the Global Health Deal Proposition, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 97–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Medicine of Aging.

Blog post
B. Taub, How Does Stoned Sex Compare To Drunk Sex?, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Data Center Consolidation: Reporting Can Be Improved to Reflect Substantial Planned Savings, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.A. Compagna-Doll, Unearthing the Third: The Crone in Depth Psychotherapy, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Accountability Would Seem to Begin and End With Referees, New York Times. (2011) D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Medicine of Aging
ISSN (print)2468-5011

Other styles