How to format your references using the Translational Medicine of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Medicine of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.G. Simmons, Timeline: Lindau and the zeitgeist, Nature. 467 (2010) S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.M. Heyes, C.D. Frith, The cultural evolution of mind reading, Science. 344 (2014) 1243091.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Bali, A. Audétat, H. Keppler, Water and hydrogen are immiscible in Earth’s mantle, Nature. 495 (2013) 220–222.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Yu, S.-O. Yoon, G. Poulogiannis, Q. Yang, X.M. Ma, J. Villén, N. Kubica, G.R. Hoffman, L.C. Cantley, S.P. Gygi, J. Blenis, Phosphoproteomic analysis identifies Grb10 as an mTORC1 substrate that negatively regulates insulin signaling, Science. 332 (2011) 1322–1326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Sehgal, Supply Chain as Strategic Asset, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
P.B. Tomascak, Advances in Lithium Isotope Geochemistry, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K. East, L.M. Fitzgerald, M.L. Heston, Talking Teaching and Learning: Using Dialogue in Self-Study, in: L. Fitzgerald, M. Heston, D. Tidwell (Eds.), Research Methods for the Self-Study of Practice, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Medicine of Aging.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Slowing Down The Development Of Alzheimer’s Plaques, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Student Aid Formula: Cost-of-Living Adjustment Could Increase Aid to a Small Percentage of Students in High-Cost Areas but Could Also Further Complicate Aid Process, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Pulukkunat, Biochemical Studies on Archaeal Ribonuclease P Reveal Thematic Convergence in Protein-Facilitated RNA Catalysis, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Higgins, Putin-Era Taboo: Dissecting Roots of Nazi Sympathy, New York Times. (2017) A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Medicine of Aging
ISSN (print)2468-5011

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