How to format your references using the Translational Medicine of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Medicine of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Holden, DIVERSITY: Parity as a Goal Sparks Bitter Battle, Science. 289 (2000) 380.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. MacCoun, S. Perlmutter, Blind analysis: Hide results to seek the truth, Nature. 526 (2015) 187–189.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Nishida, J.-P. Montagner, H. Kawakatsu, Global surface wave tomography using seismic hum, Science. 326 (2009) 112.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Xia, Y. Zhang, J. Qian, X. Zhu, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. Zhao, Isolation, identification and expression of specific human CD133 antibodies, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. French, C. Szepesvári, E. Rogers, Performance of Nonlinear Approximate Adaptive Controllers, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
X. Tao, Group Cell Architecture for Cooperative Communications, Springer, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Zhang, J. Pang, Distance and Friendship: A Distance-Based Model for Link Prediction in Social Networks, in: R. Cheng, B. Cui, Z. Zhang, R. Cai, J. Xu (Eds.), Web Technologies and Applications: 17th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2015, Guangzhou, China, September 18-20, 2015, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Medicine of Aging.

Blog post
E. Andrew, According to Stephen Hawking, black holes as we currently understand them do not exist, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Corrective Actions Taken or in Process To Reduce Job Corps’ Vulnerability to Improper Use of Contracting Authority, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.A. Newsome, Novel instrumentation and method development for a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.C. Bogle, Putting Clients Second, New York Times. (2017) A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Medicine of Aging
ISSN (print)2468-5011

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