How to format your references using the Translational Medicine of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Medicine of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Gewin, Crunch time for multiple-gene tests, Nature. 445 (2007) 354–355.
A journal article with 2 authors
W.K. Milhous, P.J. Weina, Plant science. The botanical solution for malaria, Science. 327 (2010) 279–280.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.D. Drell, G.P. Shultz, S.P. Andreasen, Nuclear safety. A safer nuclear enterprise, Science. 336 (2012) 1236.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Modis, S. Ogata, D. Clements, S.C. Harrison, Structure of the dengue virus envelope protein after membrane fusion, Nature. 427 (2004) 313–319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.H. Rassool, Addiction for Nurses, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
A. Holzinger, I. Jurisica, eds., Interactive Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Biomedical Informatics: State-of-the-Art and Future Challenges, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Field, Splitting the World of International Sport: The 1963 Games of the New Emerging Forces and the Politics of Challenging the Global Sport Order, in: J. Dart, S. Wagg (Eds.), Sport, Protest and Globalisation: Stopping Play, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016: pp. 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Medicine of Aging.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientists Identify Single Protein That Determines Whether Or Not You Are Susceptible To Stress, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Public-Safety Broadband Network: FirstNet Should Strengthen Internal Controls and Evaluate Lessons Learned, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Yamada, The role of the TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 (TIR2) gene in auxin synthesis in Arabidopsis, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.B. Stewart, Twilight of the Guru, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Medicine of Aging
ISSN (print)2468-5011

Other styles