How to format your references using the Familial Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Familial Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaplan WD (2015) MATERIALS SCIENCE. The mechanism of crystal deformation. Science 349:1059–1060
A journal article with 2 authors
Chandler JA, Turelli M (2014) Comment on “The hologenomic basis of speciation: gut bacteria cause hybrid lethality in the genus Nasonia.” Science 345:1011
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfanner N, Wiedemann N, Meisinger C (2004) Cell biology. Double membrane fusion. Science 305:1723–1724
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li K, Wang W, Ge M, et al (2014) Optical properties of secondary organic aerosols generated by photooxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons. Sci Rep 4:4922

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gostick A, Elton C (2006) Führen mit Möhren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Syrigos KN, Nutting CM, Roussos C (2006) Tumors of the Chest: Biology, Diagnosis and Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Harvey S, Baudet M-L (2011) Proteomic Actions of Growth Hormone in the Nervous System. In: Clelland JD (ed) Genomics, Proteomics, and the Nervous System. Springer, New York, NY, pp 137–158

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Familial Cancer.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Mysterious Signals From Center Of The Milky Way Probably Pulsars Not Dark Matter. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) ICBM Modernization: Availability Problems and Flight Test Delays in Peacekeeper Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DiPasquale VL (2010) A phenomenological study of industry professionals’ perceptions of ethics in the title insurance industry. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Ryan Tries to Flatten A Persistent Opponent. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFamilial Cancer
AbbreviationFam. Cancer
ISSN (print)1389-9600
ISSN (online)1573-7292
ScopeCancer Research

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