How to format your references using the Ocean and Coastal Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocean and Coastal Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexandrov, L.B., 2015. Understanding the origins of human cancer. Science 350, 1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buyx, A., Tait, J., 2011. Ethics. Ethical framework for biofuels. Science 332, 540–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krupic, J., Burgess, N., O’Keefe, J., 2012. Neural representations of location composed of spatially periodic bands. Science 337, 853–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Del Punta, K., Leinders-Zufall, T., Rodriguez, I., Jukam, D., Wysocki, C.J., Ogawa, S., Zufall, F., Mombaerts, P., 2002. Deficient pheromone responses in mice lacking a cluster of vomeronasal receptor genes. Nature 419, 70–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2003. Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rikowski, R. (Ed.), 2011. Digitisation Perspectives, Educational Futures Rethinking Theory and Practice. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Felbinger, H., Pill, I., Wotawa, F., 2016. Classifying Test Suite Effectiveness via Model Inference and ROBBDs, in: Aichernig, B.K., Furia, C.A. (Eds.), Tests and Proofs: 10th International Conference, TAP 2016, Held as Part of STAF 2016, Vienna, Austria, July 5-7, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 76–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocean and Coastal Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Does Your Vulva Hurt? You Could Have Vulvodynia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. FCC: Unlicensed NII Devices in the 5 GHz Frequency Range (No. OGC-97-19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang, H., 2008. Studies of Zeolite-Based Artificial Photosynthetic Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2004. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: TV Journalist Suspended For Comment. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alexandrov, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Alexandrov, 2015; Buyx and Tait, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buyx and Tait, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Del Punta et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleOcean and Coastal Management
AbbreviationOcean Coast. Manag.
ISSN (print)0964-5691
ScopeAquatic Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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