How to format your references using the Ocean and Coastal Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocean and Coastal Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frey, B.S., 2011. Psychology. Happy people live longer. Science 331, 542–543.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoon, S.-J., Lee, Y.-W., 2002. An aligned stream of low-metallicity clusters in the halo of the Milky Way. Science 297, 578–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eerenstein, W., Mathur, N.D., Scott, J.F., 2006. Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials. Nature 442, 759–765.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Anderson, K., Lutz, C., van Delft, F.W., Bateman, C.M., Guo, Y., Colman, S.M., Kempski, H., Moorman, A.V., Titley, I., Swansbury, J., Kearney, L., Enver, T., Greaves, M., 2011. Genetic variegation of clonal architecture and propagating cells in leukaemia. Nature 469, 356–361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berthou, P., Baudoin, C., Gayraud, T., Gineste, M., 2015. Satellite and Terrestrial Hybrid Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Starke, K., Gaestel, M. (Eds.), 2006. Molecular Chaperones in Health and Disease, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chfouka, H., Nemati, H., Guanciale, R., Dam, M., Ekdahl, P., 2015. Trustworthy Prevention of Code Injection in Linux on Embedded Devices, in: Pernul, G., Y A Ryan, P., Weippl, E. (Eds.), Computer Security -- ESORICS 2015: 20th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Vienna, Austria, September 21-25, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 90–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocean and Coastal Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Newly discovered hand bone bridges important gap of human evolution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Surface Transportation: Financing Program Could Benefit from Increased Performance Focus and Better Communication (No. GAO-12-641). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fahmy, C., 2012. Intoxicated by music: A content analysis of the prevalence of alcohol, illicit substances, and tobacco in popular music from 2000 to 2011 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Del Potro Shakes an Illness To Reach the Quarterfinals. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frey, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Frey, 2011; Yoon and Lee, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yoon and Lee, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Anderson et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleOcean and Coastal Management
AbbreviationOcean Coast. Manag.
ISSN (print)0964-5691
ScopeAquatic Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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