How to format your references using the Ocean and Coastal Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocean and Coastal Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tanaka, K.L., 2000. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Fountains of Youth. Science 288, 2325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kippenberg, T.J., Vahala, K.J., 2008. Cavity optomechanics: back-action at the mesoscale. Science 321, 1172–1176.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amari, T., Luciani, J.-F., Aly, J.-J., 2015. Small-scale dynamo magnetism as the driver for heating the solar atmosphere. Nature 522, 188–191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Waks, E., Inoue, K., Santori, C., Fattal, D., Vuckovic, J., Solomon, G.S., Yamamoto, Y., 2002. Secure communication: quantum cryptography with a photon turnstile. Nature 420, 762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zauderer, E., 2006. Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Melezhik, V.A., Prave, A.R., Hanski, E.J., Fallick, A.E., Lepland, A., Kump, L.R., Strauss, H. (Eds.), 2013. Reading the Archive of Earth’s Oxygenation: Volume 3: Global Events and the Fennoscandian Arctic Russia - Drilling Early Earth Project, Frontiers in Earth Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bonner, T., Sherman, L.D., Hurd, T.C., Jones, L.A., 2016. Patient Navigation, in: Todd, K.H., Thomas, C.R., Jr. (Eds.), Oncologic Emergency Medicine: Principles and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocean and Coastal Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Our Oceans Have Saved The World From Warming An Insane 36°C In The Past Century [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. State Infrastructure Banks: A Mechanism to Expand Federal Transportation Financing (No. RCED-97-9). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diniega, S., 2010. Modeling aeolian dune and dune field evolution (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. A Decision on a Convicted Killer Looses a Rush of Musical Memories. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tanaka, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kippenberg and Vahala, 2008; Tanaka, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kippenberg and Vahala, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Waks et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleOcean and Coastal Management
AbbreviationOcean Coast. Manag.
ISSN (print)0964-5691
ScopeAquatic Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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