How to format your references using the Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C.: Emerging powers need a more-inclusive science. Nature. 505, 7 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedraza, J.M., van Oudenaarden, A.: Noise propagation in gene networks. Science. 307, 1965–1969 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Pérez-Isidoro, R., Sierra-Valdez, F.J., Ruiz-Suárez, J.C.: Anesthetic diffusion through lipid membranes depends on the protonation rate. Sci. Rep. 4, 7534 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goldstone, D.C., Ennis-Adeniran, V., Hedden, J.J., Groom, H.C.T., Rice, G.I., Christodoulou, E., Walker, P.A., Kelly, G., Haire, L.F., Yap, M.W., de Carvalho, L.P.S., Stoye, J.P., Crow, Y.J., Taylor, I.A., Webb, M.: HIV-1 restriction factor SAMHD1 is a deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase. Nature. 480, 379–382 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jazar, R.N.: Advanced Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Leszczynski, J., Shukla, M.K. eds: Practical Aspects of Computational Chemistry I: An Overview of the Last Two Decades and Current Trends. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Vormbaum, T., Bohlander, M.: § 5 The Twentieth Century. In: Bohlander, M. (ed.) A Modern History of German Criminal Law. pp. 127–249. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: What Happens When A Man In A Mentos Suit Jumps Into A Tank Of Diet Coke?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Solid Rocket Motors: Loss of Oxidizer Production Necessitates Emergency Allocation Procedures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, D.N.: Career decision process of first generation Vietnamese American college students, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J.: European Leaders, Reeling, Meet to Weigh Fallout of U.S. Election, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
AbbreviationArab. J. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1319-8025
ISSN (online)2191-4281

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