How to format your references using the Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, J.R.: ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Privatizing the University--the New Tragedy of the Commons. Science. 290, 1701–1702 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ueshima, R., Asami, T.: Evolution: single-gene speciation by left-right reversal. Nature. 425, 679 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Costello, M.J., May, R.M., Stork, N.E.: Response to comments on “Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct?” Science. 341, 237 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Elsig, J., Schmitt, J., Leuenberger, D., Schneider, R., Eyer, M., Leuenberger, M., Joos, F., Fischer, H., Stocker, T.F.: Stable isotope constraints on Holocene carbon cycle changes from an Antarctic ice core. Nature. 461, 507–510 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dormieux, L., Kondo, D.: Micromechanics of Fracture and Damage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Dominik, J.: Heart Valve Surgery: An Illustrated Guide. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Tirri, K., Nokelainen, P.: Emotional Leadership Questionnaire. In: Tirri, K. and Nokelainen, P. (eds.) Measuring Multiple Intelligences and Moral Sensitivities in Education. pp. 77–100. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Elephants May Have The Best Sense Of Smell Documented To Date,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Within-School Discrimination: Inadequate Title VI Enforcement by Education’s Office for Civil Rights. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witowski, L.L.: The relationship between instructional delivery methods and student learning preferences: What contributes to student satisfaction in an online learning environment?, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Supreme Court Constrains Judges’ Power in Sentencing, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
AbbreviationArab. J. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1319-8025
ISSN (online)2191-4281

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