How to format your references using the Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Heuvel, E.P.J.: Astronomy. An eccentric pulsar: result of a threesome? Science. 320, 1298–1299 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, J.A., Roth, B.L.: Cell biology. A last GASP for GPCRs? Science. 297, 529–531 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bobrov, K., Mayne, A.J., Dujardin, G.: Atomic-scale imaging of insulating diamond through resonant electron injection. Nature. 413, 616–619 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, T.I., Causton, H.C., Holstege, F.C., Shen, W.C., Hannett, N., Jennings, E.G., Winston, F., Green, M.R., Young, R.A.: Redundant roles for the TFIID and SAGA complexes in global transcription. Nature. 405, 701–704 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horrocks, G.: Greek. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Toulouevski, Y.N.: Electric Arc Furnace with Flat Bath: Achievements and Prospects. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Thompson, K.: Disruptive Innovators? In: Evans, H.M. and Burt, T.P. (eds.) The Collegiate Way: University Education in a Collegiate Context. pp. 57–60. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Anthropocene Has Been Shaped By The Media And Our Digital Lives,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Trade Adjustment Assistance: Labor Awarded Community College Grants in Accordance with Requirements, but Needs to Improve Its Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skiold-Hanlin, S.: Functional and Ecological Aspects of the Mucus Trails of the Freshwater Gastropod Elimia potosiensis, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J.: Cagey Mayweather Saves Fireworks for Last, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
AbbreviationArab. J. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1319-8025
ISSN (online)2191-4281

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