How to format your references using the Translational Andrology and Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Andrology and Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuntz M. Carbon cycle: a dent in carbon’s gold standard. Nature. 2011 Sep 28;477(7366):547–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bromm V, Loeb A. The formation of the first low-mass stars from gas with low carbon and oxygen abundances. Nature. 2003 Oct 23;425(6960):812–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Girart JM, Rao R, Marrone DP. Magnetic fields in the formation of sun-like stars. Science. 2006 Aug 11;313(5788):812–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hu QH, Liu RJ, Fang ZP, Zhang J, Ding YY, Tan M, et al. Discovery of a potent benzoxaborole-based anti-pneumococcal agent targeting leucyl-tRNA synthetase. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambachtsheer KP. The Future of Pension Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Minter D. Pro Hibernate 3. Linwood J, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2005. 264 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Barrero DF, Camacho D, R-Moreno MD. A Framework for Agent-Based Evaluation of Genetic Algorithms. In: Papadopoulos GA, Badica C, editors. Intelligent Distributed Computing III: Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2009, Ayia Napa, Cyprus,October 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 31–41. (Kacprzyk J, editor. Studies in Computational Intelligence).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Andrology and Urology.

Blog post
Davis J. Scientists Use Drones To Count Whales [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Survey of the Activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Weather Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Aug. Report No.: 091303.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weir B. The transfer of momentum from waves to currents due to wave breaking [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. A Hospital, Once Afloat, Is Buoyant With Over a Century of Memories. New York Times. 2017 Apr 28;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Andrology and Urology
AbbreviationTransl. Androl. Urol.
ISSN (print)2223-4683
ISSN (online)2223-4691
ScopeReproductive Medicine

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