How to format your references using the Translational Andrology and Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Andrology and Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hogan CJ. Cosmology. The beginning of time. Science. 2002 Mar 22;295(5563):2223–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liao J-Q, Nori F. Single-photon quadratic optomechanics. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 9;4:6302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang J, Wang B, Qiu H. Coalescence and breakup of oppositely charged droplets. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 20;4:7123.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fukuda K, Takeda Y, Mizukami M, Kumaki D, Tokito S. Fully solution-processed flexible organic thin film transistor arrays with high mobility and exceptional uniformity. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 4;4:3947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogstad DH, Mileant A, Pham TT. Antenna Arraying Techniques in the Deep Space Network. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Gros B, Kinshuk, Maina M, editors. The Future of Ubiquitous Learning: Learning Designs for Emerging Pedagogies. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. XIV, 271 p. 46 illus., 8 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Educational Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
Willis R, Giles IP, Chen PP, López-Pedrera C, Cuadrado MJ, Pierangeli SS. What is the Mechanism(s) of Antiphospholipid Antibody-Mediated Thrombosis? In: Erkan D, Pierangeli SS, editors. Antiphospholipid Syndrome: Insights and Highlights from the 13th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. p. 57–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Andrology and Urology.

Blog post
Davis J. CRISPR Gene Editing Used To Edit Out Sickle Cell Mutation [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Utilization of the United States Coast Guard High Endurance Cutter Fleet. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Nov. Report No.: B-114851.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres N. Do family nurse practitioner students understand the physiological changes associated with andropause in men over forty? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. When Loss Means Disappointment, Not Disaster. New York Times. 2010 Jun 26;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Andrology and Urology
AbbreviationTransl. Androl. Urol.
ISSN (print)2223-4683
ISSN (online)2223-4691
ScopeReproductive Medicine

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