How to format your references using the Translational Andrology and Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Andrology and Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schloss PD. Microbiology: An integrated view of the skin microbiome. Nature. 2014 Oct 2;514(7520):44–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Finkel T, Holbrook NJ. Oxidants, oxidative stress and the biology of ageing. Nature. 2000 Nov 9;408(6809):239–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yu F, Ma J, Han S. Adsorption of tetracycline from aqueous solutions onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes with different oxygen contents. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 17;4:5326.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rems L, Ušaj M, Kandušer M, Reberšek M, Miklavčič D, Pucihar G. Cell electrofusion using nanosecond electric pulses. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 29;3:3382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Roeder T. Managing Project Stakeholders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Rodríguez-Merchán EC, editor. Joint Surgery in the Adult Patient with Hemophilia. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. VIII, 126 p. 47 illus., 22 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wang X, Wang R. Co-presence in Mixed Reality-Mediated Collaborative Design Space. In: Wang X, Tsai JJ-H, editors. Collaborative Design in Virtual Environments. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Andrology and Urology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. New Footage Shows A Wild Orangutan Using A Saw To Cut A Tree In Half. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Oct. Report No.: AA-95-21(4).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Krauss WF. The role of a middle management team during a directed restructuring: A case study of a government agency using Stones’ strong structuration [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M. For Stepping Across a Bridge. New York Times. 2010 May 6;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Andrology and Urology
AbbreviationTransl. Androl. Urol.
ISSN (print)2223-4683
ISSN (online)2223-4691
ScopeReproductive Medicine
Urology

Other styles