How to format your references using the Translational Andrology and Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Andrology and Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris DN. Education. Value-added measures and the future of educational accountability. Science. 2011 Aug 12;333(6044):826–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Golz J, MacLeod DIA. Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy. Nature. 2002 Feb 7;415(6872):637–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhew RC, Miller BR, Weiss RF. Natural methyl bromide and methyl chloride emissions from coastal salt marshes. Nature. 2000 Jan 20;403(6767):292–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wilbanks AM, Fralish GB, Kirby ML, Barak LS, Li YX, Caron MG. Beta-arrestin 2 regulates zebrafish development through the hedgehog signaling pathway. Science. 2004 Dec 24;306(5705):2264–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad WM. Understanding Computational Bayesian Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Schaltegger S, Zvezdov D, Alvarez Etxeberria I, Csutora M, Günther E, editors. Corporate Carbon and Climate Accounting. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XII, 257 p. 21 illus., 13 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Cai SG, Ouahsine A, Sergent P. Modelling Wave Energy Conversion of a Semi-submerged Heaving Cylinder. In: Ibrahimbegovic A, editor. Computational Methods for Solids and Fluids: Multiscale Analysis, Probability Aspects and Model Reduction. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 67–79. (Computational Methods in Applied Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Andrology and Urology.

Blog post
Hale T. Why Do LSD Trips Last So Long? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC: The Local Multipoint Distribution Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Oct. Report No.: OGC-98-3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perlstein JA. Support for families affected by incarceration: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. Groups Trace Soldiers’ Footsteps. New York Times. 1994 Apr 17;514.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Andrology and Urology
AbbreviationTransl. Androl. Urol.
ISSN (print)2223-4683
ISSN (online)2223-4691
ScopeReproductive Medicine

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