How to format your references using the GigaScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GigaScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zegers R. Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 5. Nature. 2005;433:689.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Falkowski PG, Isozaki Y. Geology. The story of O2. Science. 2008;322:540–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Thomas JA, Simcox DJ, Clarke RT. Successful conservation of a threatened Maculinea butterfly. Science. 2009;325:80–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mangone M, Manoharan AP, Thierry-Mieg D, Thierry-Mieg J, Han T, Mackowiak SD, et al. The landscape of C. elegans 3’UTRs. Science. 2010;329:432–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Groves E. The Constant Contact Guide to Email Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Bhowmick SS, Küng J, Wagner R, editors. Database and Expert Systems Applications: 19th International Conference, DEXA 2008, Turin, Italy, September 1-5, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mélin T, Zdrojek M, Brunel D. Electrostatic Force Microscopy and Kelvin Force Microscopy as a Probe of the Electrostatic and Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes. In: Bhushan B, editor. Scanning Probe Microscopy in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 89–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GigaScience.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Cat Eyes Provide Solution For Looking Inside Nuclear Reactors [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/cats-eyes-provide-solution-looking-inside-nuclear-reactors/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Superhighway: Issues Affecting Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Sep. Report No.: RCED-94-285.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ellerbrock G. Intergenerational Ontology & Leadership: Uniting the Multigenerational Workforce [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Otis J. Young Immigrant Seizes a Culinary Opportunity. New York Times. 2016 Dec 7;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGigaScience
AbbreviationGigascience
ISSN (online)2047-217X
Scope

Other styles