How to format your references using the GigaScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GigaScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Visser AW. Ocean science. Biomixing of the oceans? Science. 2007;316:838–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Li N, DiCarlo JJ. Unsupervised natural experience rapidly alters invariant object representation in visual cortex. Science. 2008;321:1502–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Xiao S, Li R, Chen M. Detecting sedimentary cycles using autocorrelation of grain size. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1653.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Alabadí D, Oyama T, Yanovsky MJ, Harmon FG, Más P, Kay SA. Reciprocal regulation between TOC1 and LHY/CCA1 within the Arabidopsis circadian clock. Science. 2001;293:880–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brown C. Fibonacci Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Král P, Matoušek V, editors. Text, Speech, and Dialogue: 18th International Conference, TSD 2015, Pilsen,Czech Republic, September 14-17, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Reiter D. The Monte Carlo Method for Particle Transport Problems. In: Fehske H, Schneider R, Weiße A, editors. Computational Many-Particle Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 141–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GigaScience.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Sensing Gravity With Acid. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Communications Commission: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services (PCS) Licensees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Sep. Report No.: OGC-00-67.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hobbs E. Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. A New York Icon Who Shone Just Outside the Bright Lights. New York Times. 2015 Jan 29;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGigaScience
AbbreviationGigascience
ISSN (online)2047-217X
Scope

Other styles