How to format your references using the Translation Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translation Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice, S. A. 2000. “Optical Control of Reactions.” Nature 403 (6769): 496–497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Merikangas, Kathleen Ries, and Neil Risch. 2003. “Genomic Priorities and Public Health.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5645): 599–601.
A journal article with 3 authors
Budday, Silvia, Charles Raybaud, and Ellen Kuhl. 2014. “A Mechanical Model Predicts Morphological Abnormalities in the Developing Human Brain.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5644.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Han, Xue, Chih-Tien Wang, Jihong Bai, Edwin R. Chapman, and Meyer B. Jackson. 2004. “Transmembrane Segments of Syntaxin Line the Fusion Pore of Ca2+-Triggered Exocytosis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5668): 289–292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Basener, William F. 2006. Topology and Its Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
González-Prida Díaz, Vicente. 2014. After–Sales Service of Engineering Industrial Assets: A Reference Framework for Warranty Management. Edited by Adolfo Crespo Márquez. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Hao, Biren Zhao, Ivan Vrcek, John M. Johnston, and Yu-Guang He. 2012. “Role of Malondialdehyde in the Age-Related Macular Degeneration.” In Studies on Retinal and Choroidal Disorders, edited by Robert D. Stratton, William W. Hauswirth, and Thomas W. Gardner, 85–93. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translation Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Is There Life Through The Looking-Glass? The Riddle Of Life’s Single-Handedness.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Aviation Security: Posting Notices at Domestic Airports. RCED-97-88R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parker, Emily C. 2010. “Perceptions of Youth with Diabetes and Their Parents/Guardians about Youth Eating Habits and Nutrition-Related Difficulties.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben. 2016. “Rebels’ Plight Is Clear in Yemeni Capital.” New York Times, November 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rice 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rice 2000; Merikangas and Risch 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Merikangas and Risch 2003)
  • Three authors: (Budday, Raybaud, and Kuhl 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Han et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslation Studies
ISSN (print)1478-1700
ISSN (online)1751-2921
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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