How to format your references using the Translation Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translation Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knill, E. 2005. “Quantum Computing with Realistically Noisy Devices.” Nature 434 (7029): 39–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vrabioiu, Alina M., and Timothy J. Mitchison. 2006. “Structural Insights into Yeast Septin Organization from Polarized Fluorescence Microscopy.” Nature 443 (7110): 466–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abdenur, Roberto, Liz Palmer, and Gary Milhollin. 2005. “Brazil’s Nuclear Activities.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5711): 847–851.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Becker, L., R. J. Poreda, A. R. Basu, K. O. Pope, T. M. Harrison, C. Nicholson, and R. Iasky. 2004. “Bedout: A Possible End-Permian Impact Crater Offshore of Northwestern Australia.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5676): 1469–1476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertau, Martin, Armin Müller, Peter Fröhlich, and Michael Katzberg. 2013. Industrielle Anorganische Chemie. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Barták, Roman, and Michela Milano, eds. 2005. Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimization Problems: Second International Conference, CPAIOR 2005, Prague, Czech Republic, May 31-June 1, 2005. Proceedings. Vol. 3524. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zanin, Massimiliano, Ernestina Menasalvas, Stefano Boccaletti, and Pedro A. Sousa. 2014. “Analysis of Complex Data by Means of Complex Networks.” In Technological Innovation for Collective Awareness Systems: 5th IFIP WG 5.5/SOCOLNET Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems, DoCEIS 2014, Costa de Caparica, Portugal, April 7-9, 2014. Proceedings, edited by Luis M. Camarinha-Matos, Nuno S. Barrento, and Ricardo Mendonça, 39–46. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translation Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Mini-Spiral Galaxies Might Tell A Different Dark Matter Story.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Implications of Joint NASA/DOD Participation in Space Shuttle Operations. NSIAD-84-13. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weber, Christine. 2013. “Exercise for Older Adults with Dementia.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael. 2017. “A Red State’s Cultural Blues.” New York Times, April 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knill 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Knill 2005; Vrabioiu and Mitchison 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vrabioiu and Mitchison 2006)
  • Three authors: (Abdenur, Palmer, and Milhollin 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Becker et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslation Studies
ISSN (print)1478-1700
ISSN (online)1751-2921
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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