How to format your references using the Translation Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translation Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Speirs, Valerie. 2012. “Perspective: Not Just for Women.” Nature 485 (7400): S66.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lavik, Erin, and Jeffrey Ustin. 2012. “Medicine. Leveraging Shear Stress to Bust Clots with Nanoparticles.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6095): 658–659.
A journal article with 3 authors
Visel, Axel, Edward M. Rubin, and Len A. Pennacchio. 2009. “Genomic Views of Distant-Acting Enhancers.” Nature 461 (7261): 199–205.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pawelek, Peter D., Nathalie Croteau, Christopher Ng-Thow-Hing, Cezar M. Khursigara, Natalia Moiseeva, Marc Allaire, and James W. Coulton. 2006. “Structure of TonB in Complex with FhuA, E. Coli Outer Membrane Receptor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5778): 1399–1402.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karlson, Bo, Aurelian Bria, Jonas Lind, Peter Lönnqvist, and Cristian Norlin. 2005. Wireless Foresight. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Castelnuovo, Gianluca. 2011. La Donazione in Italia: Situazione e Prospettive Della Donazione Di Sangue, Organi, Tessuti, Cellule e Midollo Osseo. Edited by Riccardo Menici and Marcello Fedi. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Simsek, Murat, and Neslihan Serap Sengor. 2013. “The Efficiency of Difference Mapping in Space Mapping-Based Optimization.” In Surrogate-Based Modeling and Optimization: Applications in Engineering, edited by Slawomir Koziel and Leifur Leifsson, 99–120. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translation Studies.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Flies Deliberate Before Difficult Decisions.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Information Technology: OMB Has Made Improvements to Its Dashboard, but Further Work Is Needed by Agencies and OMB to Ensure Data Accuracy. GAO-11-262. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gates, Debra A. 2017. “Best Practices and Strategies for Financial Literacy in Faith-Based Organizations.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marshall, Linda. 2011. “From Granny’s Store to G.M.” New York Times, October 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Speirs 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Speirs 2012; Lavik and Ustin 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lavik and Ustin 2012)
  • Three authors: (Visel, Rubin, and Pennacchio 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Pawelek et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslation Studies
ISSN (print)1478-1700
ISSN (online)1751-2921
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

Other styles