How to format your references using the Translation Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translation Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnabel, Jim. 2011. “Amyloid: Little Proteins, Big Clues.” Nature 475 (7355): S12-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickner, William, and Randy Schekman. 2005. “Protein Translocation across Biological Membranes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5753): 1452–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boisvert, Catherine A., Elga Mark-Kurik, and Per E. Ahlberg. 2008. “The Pectoral Fin of Panderichthys and the Origin of Digits.” Nature 456 (7222): 636–638.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rocks, Oliver, Anna Peyker, Martin Kahms, Peter J. Verveer, Carolin Koerner, Maria Lumbierres, Jürgen Kuhlmann, Herbert Waldmann, Alfred Wittinghofer, and Philippe I. H. Bastiaens. 2005. “An Acylation Cycle Regulates Localization and Activity of Palmitoylated Ras Isoforms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5716): 1746–1752.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borchard-Tuch, Claudia, and Michael Groß. 2005. Was Biotronik Alles Kann. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Angelici, Francesco M., ed. 2016. Problematic Wildlife: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yao, Jing, and Bing Li. 2011. “Dynamic Recommendation in Collaborative Filtering Systems: A PSO Based Framework.” In Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Centric Computing 2011 and Embedded and Multimedia Computing 2011: HumanCom & EMC 2011, edited by Jame J. Park, Hai Jin, Xiaofei Liao, and Ran Zheng, 11–21. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translation Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. “Neanderthal Immunity Genes Helped Us Conquer The Planet.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. NASA: Large Programs May Consume Increasing Share of Limited Future Budgets. NSIAD-92-278. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Hyojin. 2017. “Empathy in the Early Childhood Classroom: Exploring Teachers’ Perceptions, Understanding and Practices.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. “Land Mines in the Battlefields of Home and Office.” New York Times, March 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schnabel 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Schnabel 2011; Wickner and Schekman 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wickner and Schekman 2005)
  • Three authors: (Boisvert, Mark-Kurik, and Ahlberg 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rocks et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslation Studies
ISSN (print)1478-1700
ISSN (online)1751-2921
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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