How to format your references using the Translation Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translation Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sime, Louise Claire. 2014. “Climate. Greenland Deglaciation Puzzles.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6201): 1116–1117.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kampmann, Martin, and Günter Blobel. 2009. “Biochemistry. Nascent Proteins Caught in the Act.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5958): 1352–1353.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fu, Qi, Howard Saltsburg, and Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos. 2003. “Active Nonmetallic Au and Pt Species on Ceria-Based Water-Gas Shift Catalysts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5635): 935–938.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yoshihara, Motojiro, Bill Adolfsen, Kathleen T. Galle, and J. Troy Littleton. 2005. “Retrograde Signaling by Syt 4 Induces Presynaptic Release and Synapse-Specific Growth.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5749): 858–863.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolinski, Michael. 2011. Plastics and Sustainability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dario, Paolo, and Raja Chatila, eds. 2005. Robotics Research. The Eleventh International Symposium: With 303 Figures. Vol. 15. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
de Alwis Weerasekera, Hasitha, May Griffith, and Emilio I. Alarcon. 2015. “Biomedical Uses of Silver Nanoparticles: From Roman Wine Cups to Biomedical Devices.” In Silver Nanoparticle Applications: In the Fabrication and Design of Medical and Biosensing Devices, edited by Emilio I. Alarcon, May Griffith, and Klas I. Udekwu, 93–125. Engineering Materials. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translation Studies.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “CRISPR Gene Editing Used To Edit Out Sickle Cell Mutation.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Aviation Security: TSA Has Enhanced Its Explosives Detection Requirements for Checked Baggage, but Additional Screening Actions Are Needed. GAO-11-740. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koller, Ronald J. 2014. “The Nonlinear Relationship of Individual Commitment to Organizational Change and Behavioral Support.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder, Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by Lawrence. 2005. “Arts, Briefly; ‘Vagina Monologues’ in Moscow.” New York Times, June 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sime 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sime 2014; Kampmann and Blobel 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kampmann and Blobel 2009)
  • Three authors: (Fu, Saltsburg, and Flytzani-Stephanopoulos 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yoshihara et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslation Studies
ISSN (print)1478-1700
ISSN (online)1751-2921
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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