How to format your references using the Translation Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translation Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolpert, L. 2000. “The Well-Spring.” Nature 405 (6789): 887.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smetacek, Victor, and Franz Mechsner. 2004. “Making Sense.” Nature 432 (7013): 21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marty, Bernard, Sarah Dewonck, and Christian France-Lanord. 2003. “Geochemical Evidence for Efficient Aquifer Isolation over Geological Timeframes.” Nature 425 (6953): 55–58.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Callaghan, Anastasia J., Maria Jose Marcaida, Jonathan A. Stead, Kenneth J. McDowall, William G. Scott, and Ben F. Luisi. 2005. “Structure of Escherichia Coli RNase E Catalytic Domain and Implications for RNA Turnover.” Nature 437 (7062): 1187–1191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoppert, Michael. 2005. Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Vesentini, E., ed. 2011. Geometry of Homogeneous Bounded Domains. Vol. 45. C.I.M.E. Summer Schools. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kelle, Sebastian, Christophe Strobbe, and Gottfried Zimmermann. 2014. “A Showcase for Accessible Online Banking.” In Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice: 8th International Conference, UAHCI 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV, edited by Constantine Stephanidis and Margherita Antona, 37–45. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translation Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “DEA Admits Marijuana Is Definitely Safer Than Heroin.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Review of the Tennessee Valley Authority’s Procurements of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. EMD-81-20. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, Katherine E. 2012. “The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2008. “Where the Romanovs Became Holy Martyrs.” New York Times, August 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolpert 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Wolpert 2000; Smetacek and Mechsner 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smetacek and Mechsner 2004)
  • Three authors: (Marty, Dewonck, and France-Lanord 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Callaghan et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslation Studies
ISSN (print)1478-1700
ISSN (online)1751-2921
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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