How to format your references using the mAbs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for mAbs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun DM. Plant science. SWEET! The pathway is complete. Science 2012; 335:173–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Herlihy CR, Eckert CG. Genetic cost of reproductive assurance in a self-fertilizing plant. Nature 2002; 416:320–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baumgart T, Hess ST, Webb WW. Imaging coexisting fluid domains in biomembrane models coupling curvature and line tension. Nature 2003; 425:821–4.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Siveter DJ, Sutton MD, Briggs DEG, Siveter DJ. An ostracode crustacean with soft parts from the Lower Silurian. Science 2003; 302:1749–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme R. Flows and Chemical Reactions in Homogeneous Mixtures. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Calude CS, Kari J, Petre I, Rozenberg G, editors. Unconventional Computation: 10th International Conference, UC 2011, Turku, Finland, June 6-10, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Korelc J, Wriggers P. Automation of Discretization Techniques. In: Wriggers P, editor. Automation of Finite Element Methods. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. page 97–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for mAbs.

Blog post
Taub B. Dark Web Drug Sales Have Tripled Since Silk Road Got Busted [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Strategic Bombers: B-2 Program Status and Current Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slayton KA. A psychoeducational support group for families of youth experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia: A grant proposal. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L. Fact Check: What Trump Got Wrong at His Rally. New York Times2017; :A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlemAbs
ISSN (print)1942-0862
ISSN (online)1942-0870
Immunology and Allergy

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