How to format your references using the mAbs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for mAbs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lenski RE. Genetics and evolution. Come fly, and leave the baggage behind. Science 2001; 294:533–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Emerson BC, Kolm N. Species diversity can drive speciation. Nature 2005; 434:1015–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arakawa H, Hauschild J, Buerstedde J-M. Requirement of the activation-induced deaminase (AID) gene for immunoglobulin gene conversion. Science 2002; 295:1301–6.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Uehara T, Nakamura T, Yao D, Shi Z-Q, Gu Z, Ma Y, Masliah E, Nomura Y, Lipton SA. S-nitrosylated protein-disulphide isomerase links protein misfolding to neurodegeneration. Nature 2006; 441:513–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cardon A, Itmi M. New Autonomous Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Papathanasiou J, Ploskas N, Linden I, editors. Real-World Decision Support Systems: Case Studies. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Andronikou S. Brain Surface Anatomy and Functional Regions. In: Andronikou S, editor. See Right Through Me: An Imaging Anatomy Atlas. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. page 101–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for mAbs.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch Diver Fend Off Sea Lion Attack [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Challenges of Protecting Personal Information in an Expanding Federal Computer Network Environment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ficchi G. A Qualitative Inquiry: Parental Approaches and Expectations, What Role Does Disability Play? 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Fashion’s Intrepid Pursuer. New York Times2013; :E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlemAbs
ISSN (print)1942-0862
ISSN (online)1942-0870
Immunology and Allergy

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