How to format your references using the Arzneimitteltherapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arzneimitteltherapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinstock JV. Autoimmunity: The worm returns. Nature. 2012;491(7423):183–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen FE, Kelly JW. Therapeutic approaches to protein-misfolding diseases. Nature. 2003;426(6968):905–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hannon JB, Tersoff J, Tromp RM. Surface stress and thermodynamic nanoscale size selection. Science. 2002;295(5553):299–301.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dreber A, Rand DG, Fudenberg D, Nowak MA. Winners don’t punish. Nature. 2008;452(7185):348–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiedenmannott W. Industrielle Wasseraufbereitung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
Arthur W. A Practical Guide to TPM 2.0: Using the New Trusted Platform Module in the New Age of Security. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Li L. The Indian Growth Model: A Chinese Perspective. In: Naidu GVC, Chen M, Narayanan R, editors. India and China in the Emerging Dynamics of East Asia. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arzneimitteltherapie.

Blog post
Andrew E. No, A Study Hasn’t Found That Smoking Weed Gives You Diabetes [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2005 Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Capelli AM. The (Un)Balanced Canon: Re-Visioning Feminist Conceptions of Madness and Transgression. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K, Thomas L Jr. Blackstone Group Joins Forces With Saudis on U.S. Infrastructure Investments. New York Times. 2017;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleArzneimitteltherapie
ISSN (print)0723-6913

Other styles