How to format your references using the Arzneimitteltherapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arzneimitteltherapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toulouse G. Community groups could show Unesco the way. Nature. 2000;405(6785):394.
A journal article with 2 authors
Du H, Rosbash M. The U1 snRNP protein U1C recognizes the 5’ splice site in the absence of base pairing. Nature. 2002;419(6902):86–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blomster JP, Neff H, Glascock MD. Olmec pottery production and export in ancient Mexico determined through elemental analysis. Science. 2005;307(5712):1068–72.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu Y, Xiang J, Yang C, Lu W, et al. Single-crystal metallic nanowires and metal/semiconductor nanowire heterostructures. Nature. 2004;430(6995):61–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D. Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Wichert R, Eberhardt B, editors. Ambient Assisted Living: 5. AAL-Kongress 2012 Berlin, Germany, January 24-25, 2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kunz JS. Clinical Manifestations of Atherothrombosis. In: Taylor AJ, Villines TC, editors. Atherosclerosis: Clinical Perspectives Through Imaging. London: Springer; 2013. p. 45–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arzneimitteltherapie.

Blog post
Luntz S. Meet The “Living Rock” [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Armored Systems Modernization: Program Inconsistent With Current Threat and Budgetary Constraints. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McLean MR. Analyzing the relationship of geographic mobility and institutional prestige to career advancement of women in academic medicine pursuing midcareer-, senior-, or executive-level administrative positions: Implications for career advancement strategies. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr, Mueller B, Schweber N. Second Chances Kept Coming for Suspect in Officer’s Death. New York Times. 2015;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleArzneimitteltherapie
ISSN (print)0723-6913

Other styles