How to format your references using the Arzneimitteltherapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arzneimitteltherapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steig EJ. Paleoclimate. No two latitudes alike. Science. 2001;293(5537):2015–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rappaport SM, Smith MT. Epidemiology. Environment and disease risks. Science. 2010;330(6003):460–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agrawal AF, Brodie ED 3rd, Brown J. Parent-offspring coadaptation and the dual genetic control of maternal care. Science. 2001;292(5522):1710–2.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Himler AG, Adachi-Hagimori T, Bergen JE, Kozuch A, et al. Rapid spread of a bacterial symbiont in an invasive whitefly is driven by fitness benefits and female bias. Science. 2011;332(6026):254–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cuddy-Keane M, Hammond A, Peat A. Modernism: Keywords. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
de la Peña L. The Emerging Quantum: The Physics Behind Quantum Mechanics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Wolff MPH. Banach Spaces and Linear Operators. In: Loeb PA, Wolff MPH, editors. Nonstandard Analysis for the Working Mathematician. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 107–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arzneimitteltherapie.

Blog post
Andrews R. Tropical Cyclones Will Become Less Common But Far More Intense Thanks To Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Loans: Audits and Reviews of the Federal Family Education Loan and Federal Direct Loan Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karriem KL. The relationship between stress and emotional intelligence among direct-care workers. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E. Attacks Revive Russian Concern That Guerrilla Warfare Will Spread. New York Times. 2010;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleArzneimitteltherapie
ISSN (print)0723-6913

Other styles