How to format your references using the Arzneimitteltherapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arzneimitteltherapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmelcher P. Chemistry. Molecule formation in ultrahigh magnetic fields. Science. 2012;337(6092):302–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller B, Sheen J. Advances in cytokinin signaling. Science. 2007;318(5847):68–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhew RC, Miller BR, Weiss RF. Natural methyl bromide and methyl chloride emissions from coastal salt marshes. Nature. 2000;403(6767):292–5.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang X, Pickin KA, Bose R, Jura N, et al. Inhibition of the EGF receptor by binding of MIG6 to an activating kinase domain interface. Nature. 2007;450(7170):741–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atherton J, Gil F, Center for Chemical Process Safety. Incidents That Define Process Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Lichtfouse E, Goyal A, editors. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews: Cereals. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Freudenburg WR, Gramling R, Laska S, Erikson KT. A “Helpful Explosion.” In: Gramling R, Laska S, Erikson KT, editors. Catastrophe in the Making: The Engineering of Katrina and the Disasters of Tomorrow. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2012. p. 67–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arzneimitteltherapie.

Blog post
Andrew E. In Pursuit Of Happiness: Why Some Pain Helps Us Feel Pleasure [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Observations on American Airlines’ 1997 Study of Future Air Traffic Congestion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gill GJ. The experience of family caregiving of the terminally ill: A phenomenological study. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Pearl Jam, Shakur and Baez to Join Rock Hall of Fame. New York Times. 2016;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleArzneimitteltherapie
ISSN (print)0723-6913

Other styles