How to format your references using the Traffic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Traffic. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Liechty J. Scientists and bankers - a new model army. Nature 2012;484:143.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Monroe C, Kim J. Scaling the ion trap quantum processor. Science 2013;339:1164–1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Supèr H, Spekreijse H, Lamme VA. A neural correlate of working memory in the monkey primary visual cortex. Science 2001;293:120–124.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
1.
Nesbitt SJ, Smith ND, Irmis RB, Turner AH, Downs A, Norell MA. A complete skeleton of a Late Triassic saurischian and the early evolution of dinosaurs. Science 2009;326:1530–1533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kuo JB, Lin S-C. Low-Voltage SOI CMOS VLSI Devices and Circuits. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
1.
Demidenko GV, Vaskevich VL, editors. Selected Works of S.L. Sobolev: Volume I: Mathematical Physics, Computational Mathematics, and Cubature Formulas. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Deb K, Lele S, Datta R. A Hybrid Evolutionary Multi-objective and SQP Based Procedure for Constrained Optimization. In: Kang L, Liu Y, Zeng S, editors. Advances in Computation and Intelligence: Second International Symposium, ISICA 2007 Wuhan, China, September 21-23, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 36–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Traffic.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Hammerhead Sharks Swim On Their Side Nearly All The Time [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/hammerhead-sharks-swim-on-their-side-nearly-all-the-time/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Government’s Efforts To Standardize Data Elements and Codes for Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Flores MY. Delinquency prevention program for Latino youth: A grant proposal project. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Apuzzo M, Risen J. Plan to Revive Waterboarding Faces Obstacles. New York Times. 2016;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTraffic
AbbreviationTraffic
ISSN (print)1398-9219
ISSN (online)1600-0854
ScopeBiochemistry
Cell Biology
Genetics
Molecular Biology
Structural Biology

Other styles