How to format your references using the Traffic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Traffic. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bignami GF. Astronomy. Two missions, one microquasar. Science 2009;326:1490–1491.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Remondes M, Schuman EM. Role for a cortical input to hippocampal area CA1 in the consolidation of a long-term memory. Nature 2004;431:699–703.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ganem NJ, Godinho SA, Pellman D. A mechanism linking extra centrosomes to chromosomal instability. Nature 2009;460:278–282.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
1.
Chikkatur AP, Shin Y, Leanhardt AE, Kielpinski D, Tsikata E, Gustavson TL, Pritchard DE, Ketterle W. A continuous source of Bose-Einstein condensed atoms. Science 2002;296:2193–2195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kumar V, Petersen JA. Statistical Methods in Customer Relationship Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Yi C-C, editor. The Psychological Well-being of East Asian Youth. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rosen E, Tsesis I. Surgical Anesthesia: When a Tool Becomes a Weapon. In: Tsesis I, editor. Complications in Endodontic Surgery: Prevention, Identification and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 53–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Traffic.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Baby Raccoon Climbs Tree With A Lot Of Help From Its Mom [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/baby-raccoon-climbs-tree-lot-help-its-mom/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: The District of Columbia Remains Behind Schedule. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Subbarao S. An 8-PSK super regenerative receiver: Design and simulation. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kulish N, Clark N. Warning Signs in the Mind of a Pilot Determined to Die. New York Times. 2015;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTraffic
AbbreviationTraffic
ISSN (print)1398-9219
ISSN (online)1600-0854
ScopeBiochemistry
Cell Biology
Genetics
Molecular Biology
Structural Biology

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