How to format your references using the Transition Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transition Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fukami T (2013) IBI* series winner. Integrating inquiry-based teaching with faculty research. Science 339:1536–1537
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang X, Chen XJ (2015) A cytosolic network suppressing mitochondria-mediated proteostatic stress and cell death. Nature 524:481–484
A journal article with 3 authors
Pearson PD, Moje E, Greenleaf C (2010) Literacy and science: each in the service of the other. Science 328:459–463
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Taguchi Y, Oohara Y, Yoshizawa H, et al (2001) Spin chirality, Berry phase, and anomalous Hall effect in a frustrated ferromagnet. Science 291:2573–2576

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kizer G (2013) Digital Microwave Communication. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ali SZ (2007) Breast Cytopathology. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Voyiadjis GZ, Woelke P (2008) Geometrically Non-linear Finite Element Analysis of Thick Plates and Shells. In: Woelke P (ed) Elasto-Plastic and Damage Analysis of Plates and Shells. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 77–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transition Studies Review.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Australian Biosecurity Officials Incinerate Rare Botanical Collection Due To “Paperwork Mix-Up.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Government Computer Acquisition Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murdock JM (2017) Lethe and the Twin Bodhisattvas of Forgiveness and Forgetfulness. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J, Shear MD, Paulson M (2014) New Tack on Unrest Eases Tension in Missouri. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fukami 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fukami 2013; Wang and Chen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Chen 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Taguchi et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransition Studies Review
ISSN (print)1614-4007
ISSN (online)1614-4015

Other styles