How to format your references using the Transition Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transition Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Apkarian VA (2006) Chemistry. A pixellated window on chemistry in solids. Science 313:1747–1748
A journal article with 2 authors
Parren PWHI, Burton DR (2009) Immunology. Two-in-one designer antibodies. Science 323:1567–1568
A journal article with 3 authors
Esposito MS, Capelli P, Arber S (2014) Brainstem nucleus MdV mediates skilled forelimb motor tasks. Nature 508:351–356
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van der Wal CH, Eisaman MD, André A, et al (2003) Atomic memory for correlated photon states. Science 301:196–200

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collins D (2008) Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Moeslund TB, Hilton A, Krüger V, Sigal L (eds) (2011) Visual Analysis of Humans: Looking at People. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Poirier EJ, Poirier DR (2016) Energy Balance Applications in Fluid Flow. In: Poirier DR (ed) Solutions Manual To accompany Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transition Studies Review.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Why Do Galaxies Stop Forming Stars? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Medicare Part D: CMS Has Implemented Processes to Oversee Plan Finder Pricing Accuracy and Improve Website Usability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clement TE (2009) The makings of digital modernism: Rereading Gertrude Stein’s “The Making of Americans” and poetry by Elsa von Freytag -Loringhoven. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2011) In California, Study Says, Teachers’ Pensions Fall Short of Other Public Workers’. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Apkarian 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Apkarian 2006; Parren and Burton 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parren and Burton 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (van der Wal et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransition Studies Review
ISSN (print)1614-4007
ISSN (online)1614-4015

Other styles