How to format your references using the Transition Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transition Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kelly JD (2014) Make diagnostic centres a priority for Ebola crisis. Nature 513:145
A journal article with 2 authors
Mounce RCP, Wills MA (2011) Phylogenetic position of Diania challenged. Nature 476:E1; discussion E3-4
A journal article with 3 authors
Spencer JP, Dineva E, Smith LB (2009) Comment on “Infants’’ perseverative search errors are induced by pragmatic misinterpretation".” Science 325:1624; author reply 1624
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Campbell M, Cleland J, Ezeh A, Prata N (2007) Public health. Return of the population growth factor. Science 315:1501–1502

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ledolter J (2013) Data Mining and Business Analytics with R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kagan V (2013) Sentiment Analysis for PTSD Signals. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Amarouche IA, Benslimane D, Barhamgi M, et al (2011) Electronic Health Record Data-as-a-Services Composition Based on Query Rewriting. In: Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, et al. (eds) Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems IV: Special Issue on Database Systems for Biomedical Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 95–123

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transition Studies Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Molecules Have Been Built Using a Laser Beam for the First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Screening Partnership Program: TSA Should Issue More Guidance to Airports and Monitor Private versus Federal Screener Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olanisa EL (2012) Mental health issues and use of health care services among older immigrant women in California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2016) A Carnival of Consciousness. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kelly 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mounce and Wills 2011; Kelly 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mounce and Wills 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Campbell et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransition Studies Review
ISSN (print)1614-4007
ISSN (online)1614-4015

Other styles