How to format your references using the Transition Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transition Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hess H (2006) Materials science. Toward devices powered by biomolecular motors. Science 312:860–861
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulin PR, Nelson KA (2006) Irreversible organic crystalline chemistry monitored in real time. Science 313:1756–1760
A journal article with 3 authors
Dekas AE, Poretsky RS, Orphan VJ (2009) Deep-sea archaea fix and share nitrogen in methane-consuming microbial consortia. Science 326:422–426
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lemon B, Inouye C, King DS, Tjian R (2001) Selectivity of chromatin-remodelling cofactors for ligand-activated transcription. Nature 414:924–928

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood JM (2014) Wiley Gaap 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Stiglitz JE, Guzman M (eds) (2016) Contemporary Issues in Microeconomics. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Neves MF, Trombin VG, Lopes FF, et al (2012) Destinations of exports. In: Trombin VG, Lopes FF, Kalaki R, Milan P (eds) The orange juice business: A Brazilian perspective. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, pp 27–29

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transition Studies Review.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Magnetic Levitation Train Could Reach Speeds Of 1,800 Miles Per Hour. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Attrition of Scientists at Three Regulatory Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayo J (2010) Rates and factors associated with child maltreatment recurrence for children from birth to 5 years of age in Ventura County. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2009) Baked by Hand, With Heart. New York Times NJ8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hess 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hess 2006; Poulin and Nelson 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulin and Nelson 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lemon et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransition Studies Review
ISSN (print)1614-4007
ISSN (online)1614-4015

Other styles