How to format your references using the International Journal of Exercise Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Exercise Science (IJES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Davis B. Education. Mathematics teachers’ subtle, complex disciplinary knowledge. Science 332(6037): 1506–7, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gravitz L, Pincock S. Sickle-cell disease. Nature 515(7526): S1, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gitlin L, Karelsky S, Andino R. Short interfering RNA confers intracellular antiviral immunity in human cells. Nature 418(6896): 430–4, 2002.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wang Q, Zhang Y, Yang C, Xiong H, Lin Y, Yao J, et al. Acetylation of metabolic enzymes coordinates carbon source utilization and metabolic flux. Science 327(5968): 1004–7, 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Belsey C. A Future for Criticism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
1.
Chinchuluun A, Pardalos PM, Enkhbat R, Tseveendorj I (eds.). Optimization and Optimal Control: Theory and Applications. New York, NY: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sheng Z, Dewilde P, Chandrasekaran S. Algorithms to Solve Hierarchically Semi-separable Systems. In: System Theory, the Schur Algorithm and Multidimensional Analysis. Alpay D, Vinnikov V, eds. . Basel: Birkhäuser, 2007.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Exercise Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Data Suggests Global Ocean Warming Rates May Have Been Severely Underestimated [Internet]. IFLScience. , 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Amtrak: Deteriorated Financial Condition and Costly Future Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sowers PA. “Klanaheim”: Suburbia, civic identity, and the second Ku Klux Klan [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Grynbaum MM. Another Press Secretary Profile. New York Times. A2, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (2,5,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Exercise Science
ISSN (print)1939-795X
Scope

Other styles