How to format your references using the Contemporary South Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary South Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
French, Charles. 2010. “Archaeology. People, Societies, and Landscapes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5977): 443–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chopra, Harsh Deep, and Manfred Wuttig. 2015. “Non-Joulian Magnetostriction.” Nature 521 (7552): 340–343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, Henrik, Eric Westhof, and Steinar Johansen. 2005. “An MRNA Is Capped by a 2’, 5’ Lariat Catalyzed by a Group I-like Ribozyme.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5740): 1584–1587.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Grom, G. F., D. J. Lockwood, J. P. McCaffrey, H. J. Labbe, P. M. Fauchet, B. White Jr, J. Diener, D. Kovalev, F. Koch, and L. Tsybeskov. 2000. “Ordering and Self-Organization in Nanocrystalline Silicon.” Nature 407 (6802): 358–361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Bodic, Gwenaël. 2005. Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Matsumoto, Kiyoshi, and Naoto Hayashi, eds. 2009. Heterocyclic Supramolecules II. Vol. 18. Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
de Lara, Juan, and Esther Guerra. 2012. “Reusable Graph Transformation Templates.” In Applications of Graph Transformations with Industrial Relevance: 4th International Symposium, AGTIVE 2011, Budapest, Hungary, October 4-7, 2011, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, edited by Andy Schürr, Dániel Varró, and Gergely Varró, 35–50. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary South Asia.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Will The Great Barrier Reef Recover From Its Worst-Ever Bleaching?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Telephone Communications: Bell Operating Company Entry Into New Lines of Business. RCED-86-138. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rayford, Sherrill. 2014. “A Qualitative Analysis of Mentoring Experiences and Perceptions of Female Students Enrolled in a Doctoral Program in Education at a Midwestern University.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2008. “Court Blocks Plans for New Gas Plant in New Jersey.” New York Times, April 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (French 2010).
This sentence cites two references (French 2010; Chopra and Wuttig 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chopra and Wuttig 2015)
  • Three authors: (Nielsen, Westhof, and Johansen 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Grom et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary South Asia
AbbreviationContemp. South Asia
ISSN (print)0958-4935
ISSN (online)1469-364X
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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