How to format your references using the Contemporary South Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary South Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Wijn, Alfred G. 2012. “Astronomy. Measuring Solar Magnetism.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6106): 476–477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller, Ulrike K., and Sander Kranenbarg. 2004. “Physiology. Power at the Tip of the Tongue.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5668): 217–219.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharma, Babu Ram, Aaditya Manjanath, and Abhishek K. Singh. 2014. “Pentahexoctite: A New Two-Dimensional Allotrope of Carbon.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7164.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Glotch, Timothy D., Paul G. Lucey, Joshua L. Bandfield, Benjamin T. Greenhagen, Ian R. Thomas, Richard C. Elphic, Neil Bowles, et al. 2010. “Highly Silicic Compositions on the Moon.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5998): 1510–1513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, C. Lakshmana, V. Narayanamurthy, and K. R. Y. Simha. 2016. Applied Impact Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hasegawa, Yasumichi. 2006. Realization Theory and Design of Digital Images. Edited by Tatsuo Suzuki. Vol. 342. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Andreão, Rodrigo Varejão, Jérôme Boudy, Bernadette Dorizzi, Jean-Marc Boucher, and Salim Graja. 2009. “Statistical Models Based ECG Classification.” In Advanced Biosignal Processing, edited by Amine Naït-Ali, 71–93. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary South Asia.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2017. “Amateur Astronomers Find Supernova That Exploded 970 Million Years Ago.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Office of Education’s Basic Grant Program Can Be Improved. HRD-77-91. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Evan B. 2017. “Environmental Thyroid Endocrine Disruption in Shiner Perch (Cymatogaster Aggregata): An Analysis of Thyroid Glandular Function.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Scouting Report.” New York Times, September 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Wijn 2012).
This sentence cites two references (de Wijn 2012; Müller and Kranenbarg 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Müller and Kranenbarg 2004)
  • Three authors: (Sharma, Manjanath, and Singh 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Glotch et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary South Asia
AbbreviationContemp. South Asia
ISSN (print)0958-4935
ISSN (online)1469-364X
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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