How to format your references using the Contemporary South Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary South Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sadler, J. Evan. 2002. “Biomedicine. Contact--How Platelets Touch von Willebrand Factor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5584): 1128–1129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Polka, Jessica K., and Kristin A. Krukenberg. 2014. “Making Science a Desirable Career.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6215): 1422.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pawloski, J. R., D. T. Hess, and J. S. Stamler. 2001. “Export by Red Blood Cells of Nitric Oxide Bioactivity.” Nature 409 (6820): 622–626.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jiang, Zhiliang, Guiqing Wen, Yanghe Luo, Xinghui Zhang, Qingye Liu, and Aihui Liang. 2014. “A New Silver Nanorod SPR Probe for Detection of Trace Benzoyl Peroxide.” Scientific Reports 4 (June): 5323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley, Weinstein, and Barden Pamela. 2017. The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Papasratorn, Borworn, Nipon Charoenkitkarn, Vajirasak Vanijja, and Vithida Chongsuphajaisiddhi, eds. 2013. Advances in Information Technology: 6th International Conference, IAIT 2013, Bangkok, Thailand, December 12-13, 2013. Proceedings. Vol. 409. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Staack, Helge. 2005. “Xetra Active Funds (XAF) — More than ‘Just’ Index Tracking.” In Exchange Traded Funds: Structure, Regulation and Application of a New Fund Class, edited by Elisabeth Hehn, 61–70. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary South Asia.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “How DNA Is Helping Us Fight Back Against Pest Invasions.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s First-Year Implementation of the Federal Manager’s Financial Integrity Act. NSIAD-84-100. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldberg, Deborah Sweet. 2010. “Poly (Amido Amine) Dendrimers: Transepithelial Transport Mechanisms and Applications in Oral Drug Delivery.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2000. “Powells Are Sticking Together.” New York Times, July 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sadler 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sadler 2002; Polka and Krukenberg 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Polka and Krukenberg 2014)
  • Three authors: (Pawloski, Hess, and Stamler 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary South Asia
AbbreviationContemp. South Asia
ISSN (print)0958-4935
ISSN (online)1469-364X
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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