How to format your references using the Contemporary South Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary South Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korenaga, Jun. 2008. “Comment on ‘Intermittent Plate Tectonics?’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5881): 1291; author reply 1291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ginther, Donna K., and Shulamit Kahn. 2015. “WOMEN IN SCIENCE. Comment on ‘Expectations of Brilliance Underlie Gender Distributions across Academic Disciplines.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6246): 391.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zaimi, Khairy, Anuar Ishak, and Ioan Pop. 2014. “Boundary Layer Flow and Heat Transfer over a Nonlinearly Permeable Stretching/Shrinking Sheet in a Nanofluid.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4404.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Y., Y. Hu, J. Meng, and C. Li. 2001. “An Ossified Meckel’s Cartilage in Two Cretaceous Mammals and Origin of the Mammalian Middle Ear.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5541): 357–361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Almeida, J. P. Moitinho, and Edward A. W. Maunder. 2017. Equilibrium Finite Element Formulations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Baldacchino, John, and Raphael Vella, eds. 2013. Mediterranean Art and Education: Navigating Local, Regional and Global Imaginaries Through the Lens of the Arts And Learning. Comparative and International Education, A Diversity of Voices. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Pasha, Mustapha Kamal. 2013. “Modernity’s Islamicist: Sayyid Qutb’s Theocentric Reconstruction of Sovereignty.” In Modernity’s Classics, edited by Sarah C. Humphreys and Rudolf G. Wagner, 101–120. Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary South Asia.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “New Finding Offers Breakthrough In Beating African Sleeping Sickness.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at Western Carolina University and Participating Schools in North Carolina. B-164031(1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Comorau, Nancy. 2009. “Postcolonial Refashionings: Reading Forms, Reading Novels.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, Linda F. 2006. “An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move.” New York Times, August 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Korenaga 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Korenaga 2008; Ginther and Kahn 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ginther and Kahn 2015)
  • Three authors: (Zaimi, Ishak, and Pop 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary South Asia
AbbreviationContemp. South Asia
ISSN (print)0958-4935
ISSN (online)1469-364X
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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