How to format your references using the Transgenic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transgenic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tredicucci A (2003) Physics. Marriage of two device concepts. Science 302:1346–1347
A journal article with 2 authors
Pena LD, Goldstein SL (2014) Thermohaline circulation crisis and impacts during the mid-Pleistocene transition. Science 345:318–322
A journal article with 3 authors
Labidi J, Cartigny P, Moreira M (2013) Non-chondritic sulphur isotope composition of the terrestrial mantle. Nature 501:208–211
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ning W, Du H, Kong F, et al (2013) One-dimensional weak antilocalization in single-crystal Bi2Te3 nanowires. Sci Rep 3:1564

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama M, Batatia H, Messai A (2016) Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nicolaides A, Beach KW, Kyriacou E, Pattichis CS (eds) (2012) Ultrasound and Carotid Bifurcation Atherosclerosis. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Otnes R, Asterjadhi A, Casari P, et al (2012) Logical Link Layer Topics. In: Asterjadhi A, Casari P, Goetz M, et al. (eds) Underwater Acoustic Networking Techniques. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 49–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transgenic Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Cone Snails Drug Prey With Weaponized Insulin. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Observations of the Test of the Simplifed Method for Determining Eligibility of Persons for Adult Public Assistance Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McElhoes JL (2017) Spatial, Technological, and Functional Variability Among the Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southern California Coast. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Dodgers’ Late-Inning Gamble Backfires in Cubs’ Timely Grand Slam. New York Times SP2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tredicucci 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Tredicucci 2003; Pena and Goldstein 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pena and Goldstein 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ning et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransgenic Research
AbbreviationTransgenic Res.
ISSN (print)0962-8819
ISSN (online)1573-9368
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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