How to format your references using the Transgenic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transgenic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feldman J (2000) Minimization of Boolean complexity in human concept learning. Nature 407:630–633
A journal article with 2 authors
Gupta M, Zare RN (2000) Spinning molecules to bits. Nature 407:33–34
A journal article with 3 authors
Pauly D, Hilborn R, Branch TA (2013) Fisheries: Does catch reflect abundance? Nature 494:303–306
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhu G, Wang M, Spike B, et al (2014) Differential requirement of GRP94 and GRP78 in mammary gland development. Sci Rep 4:5390

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welker RW, Nagarajan R, Newberg CE (2005) Contamination and ESD Control in High-Technology Manufacturing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Saito K, Ito A, Nakamura Y, Kuwana K (eds) (2015) Progress in Scale Modeling, Volume II: Selections from the International Symposia on Scale Modeling, ISSM VI (2009) and ISSM VII (2013). Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bambi C, Dolgov AD (2016) Kinetics and Thermodynamics in Cosmology. In: Dolgov AD (ed) Introduction to Particle Cosmology: The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transgenic Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) DNA Analysis Reveals Potential For Previously Unknown Species Of Human. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Machula M (2014) Understanding and Predicting Teachers’ Knowledge of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Card J (2017) A River With Too Many Fish. New York Times TR10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feldman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gupta and Zare 2000; Feldman 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gupta and Zare 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransgenic Research
AbbreviationTransgenic Res.
ISSN (print)0962-8819
ISSN (online)1573-9368
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

Other styles