How to format your references using the Transgenic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transgenic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eliasson J (2015) The rising pressure of global water shortages. Nature 517:6
A journal article with 2 authors
Bray GA, Tartaglia LA (2000) Medicinal strategies in the treatment of obesity. Nature 404:672–677
A journal article with 3 authors
Hejazi V, Sobolev K, Nosonovsky M (2013) From superhydrophobicity to icephobicity: forces and interaction analysis. Sci Rep 3:2194
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Choi HJ, Roundy D, Sun H, et al (2002) The origin of the anomalous superconducting properties of MgB(2). Nature 418:758–760

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cousley RRJ (2013) The Orthodontic Mini-Implant Clinical Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex UK
An edited book
Embree L, Nenon T (eds) (2013) Husserl’s Ideen. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Tomppo E, Heikkinen J, Henttonen HM, et al (2011) Results. In: Heikkinen J, Henttonen HM, Ihalainen A, et al. (eds) Designing and Conducting a Forest Inventory - case: 9th National Forest Inventory of Finland. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 93–177

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transgenic Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Unsustainable Hunting Of Wild Mammals Is Driving Them To The Edge Of Extinction. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Transportation Security Administration: Actions and Plans to Build a Results-Oriented Culture. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li X (2008) Two essays on “mining market basket data: Models and applications in marketing.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: News Analysis; The Center of Attention. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eliasson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bray and Tartaglia 2000; Eliasson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bray and Tartaglia 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransgenic Research
AbbreviationTransgenic Res.
ISSN (print)0962-8819
ISSN (online)1573-9368
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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