How to format your references using the Transgenic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transgenic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns JA (2002) Solar system science. Two bodies are better than one. Science 297:942–943
A journal article with 2 authors
Beuther H, Schilke P (2004) Fragmentation in massive star formation. Science 303:1167–1169
A journal article with 3 authors
Song YQ, Ryu S, Sen PN (2000) Determining multiple length scales in rocks. Nature 406:178–181
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen XJ, Wang X, Kaufman BA, Butow RA (2005) Aconitase couples metabolic regulation to mitochondrial DNA maintenance. Science 307:714–717

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Windom CA Sr, Gaidhani H, Fontana A (2010) Virtualizing. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Basedow J, Magnus U, Wolfrum R (eds) (2010) The Hamburg Lectures on Maritime Affairs 2007 & 2008. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Li Y, Corder EH, Corder LS (2006) Disability Patterns for Us Elderly Nursing Home Residents Over Two Decades: Findings from the 1973 to 1997 National Nursing Home Surveys. In: Yi Z, Crimmins EM, Carrière Y, Robine J-M (eds) Longer Life and Healthy Aging. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 35–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transgenic Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Ceres Is Shown In Most Stunning Detail Ever. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Protest of Contract Award to NASA by City of Los Angeles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGary J (2012) Gender and the poverty-conflict trap. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) Grand and Beloved (Sometimes Hated). New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Burns 2002; Beuther and Schilke 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beuther and Schilke 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransgenic Research
AbbreviationTransgenic Res.
ISSN (print)0962-8819
ISSN (online)1573-9368
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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