How to format your references using the American Review of Canadian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Review of Canadian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Money, Nicholas P. 2010. “Obituary: Cecil Terence Ingold (1905-2010).” Nature 465 (7301): 1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donnelly, Jeffrey P., and Jonathan D. Woodruff. 2007. “Intense Hurricane Activity over the Past 5,000 Years Controlled by El Niño and the West African Monsoon.” Nature 447 (7143): 465–468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön, J. H., C. Kloc, and B. Batlogg. 2000. “Fractional Quantum Hall Effect in Organic Molecular Semiconductors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 288 (5475): 2338–2340.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ding, Shuai, Run Ye, Dongmei Zhang, Xiaodong Sun, Hongning Zhou, Thomas F. McCutchan, and Weiqing Pan. 2013. “Anti-Folate Combination Therapies and Their Effect on the Development of Drug Resistance in Plasmodium Vivax.” Scientific Reports 3 (January): 1008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, Donald W. 2014. Economic Theory and the Ancient Mediterranean. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Akerkar, Rajendra. 2016. Intelligent Techniques for Data Science. Edited by Priti Srinivas Sajja. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Stam, Erik, Kashifa Suddle, Jolanda Hessels, and André van Stel. 2009. “High-Growth Entrepreneurs, Public Policies, and Economic Growth.” In Public Policies for Fostering Entrepreneurship: A European Perspective, edited by Rui Baptista and Joao Leitao, 91–110. New York, NY: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Review of Canadian Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “Rosetta Spacecraft Snaps New Horizons At Pluto From Five Billion Kilometers Away.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Student Financial Aid: Monitoring Aid Greater Than Federally Defined Need Could Help Address Student Loan Indebtedness. GAO-03-508. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sulaiman, Yohanes. 2008. “The Banteng and the Eagle: Indonesian Foreign Policy and the United States During the Era of Sukarno 1945-1967.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Sara. 2000. “Books in Brief: Fiction.” New York Times, February 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Money 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Money 2010; Donnelly and Woodruff 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donnelly and Woodruff 2007)
  • Three authors: (Schön, Kloc, and Batlogg 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ding et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Review of Canadian Studies
AbbreviationAm. Rev. Can. Stud.
ISSN (print)0272-2011
ISSN (online)1943-9954
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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