How to format your references using the American Review of Canadian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Review of Canadian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, Mark R. 2008. “The Urban Transformation of the Developing World.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5864): 761–764.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sine, Steven M., and Andrew G. Engel. 2006. “Recent Advances in Cys-Loop Receptor Structure and Function.” Nature 440 (7083): 448–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Skoglund, G., M. Nockert, and B. Holst. 2013. “Viking and Early Middle Ages Northern Scandinavian Textiles Proven to Be Made with Hemp.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 2686.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dong, Wenjing, Kenan Zhang, Yun Zhang, Tiaoxing Wei, Yan Sun, Xin Chen, and Ning Dai. 2014. “Application of Three-Dimensionally Area-Selective Atomic Layer Deposition for Selectively Coating the Vertical Surfaces of Standing Nanopillars.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4458.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M. R., J. S. Islam, G. M. Zatzman, M. A. H. Mughal, and M. Safiur Rahman. 2016. The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
González Velasco, Miguel, Inés M. Puerto, Rodrigo Martínez, Manuel Molina, Manuel Mota, and Alfonso Ramos, eds. 2010. Workshop on Branching Processes and Their Applications. Vol. 197. Lecture Notes in Statistics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Graves, Ian, Adam Procter, William L. Harrison, Michela Becchi, and Gerard Allwein. 2015. “Hardware Synthesis from Functional Embedded Domain-Specific Languages: A Case Study in Regular Expression Compilation.” In Applied Reconfigurable Computing: 11th International Symposium, ARC 2015, Bochum, Germany, April 13-17, 2015, Proceedings, edited by Kentaro Sano, Dimitrios Soudris, Michael Hübner, and Pedro C. Diniz, 41–52. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Review of Canadian Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Theives Have Stolen 24,000 Bees From English Country Estate.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Business Systems Modernization: IRS Has Satisfied Congressional Direction on the Custodial Accounting Project. GAO-01-444R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, Mary Suong. 2009. “Solid Families: Community-Based Program for Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, James. 2017. “As E.U.’s Roster Swells, So Does Linguistic Burden.” New York Times, January 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Montgomery 2008; Sine and Engel 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sine and Engel 2006)
  • Three authors: (Skoglund, Nockert, and Holst 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Dong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Review of Canadian Studies
AbbreviationAm. Rev. Can. Stud.
ISSN (print)0272-2011
ISSN (online)1943-9954
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles