How to format your references using the American Review of Canadian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Review of Canadian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferry, Georgina. 2013. “Scientific Heritage: Science Today, History Tomorrow.” Nature 493 (7430): 19–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilder, D., and N. Perrimon. 2000. “Localization of Apical Epithelial Determinants by the Basolateral PDZ Protein Scribble.” Nature 403 (6770): 676–680.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klein, Yael, Efi Efrati, and Eran Sharon. 2007. “Shaping of Elastic Sheets by Prescription of Non-Euclidean Metrics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5815): 1116–1120.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ravelli, Raimond B. G., Ruby D. Kalicharan, M. Cristina Avramut, Klaas A. Sjollema, Joachim W. Pronk, Freark Dijk, Abraham J. Koster, Jeroen T. J. Visser, Frank G. A. Faas, and Ben N. G. Giepmans. 2013. “Destruction of Tissue, Cells and Organelles in Type 1 Diabetic Rats Presented at Macromolecular Resolution.” Scientific Reports 3: 1804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes, Alain. 2013. Extractive Metallurgy 2. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Broy, Manfred, Johannes Grünbauer, David Harel, and Tony Hoare, eds. 2005. Engineering Theories of Software Intensive Systems: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Engineering Theories of Software Intensive Systems Marktoberdorf, Germany 3–15 August 2004. Vol. 195. NATO Science Series, Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Susilawati Japri. 2016. “The Language of Shop Signs in a Modern Shopping Centre in Brunei.” In The Use and Status of Language in Brunei Darussalam: A Kingdom of Unexpected Linguistic Diversity, edited by Noor Azam Haji-Othman, James McLellan, and David Deterding, 29–38. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Review of Canadian Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Intelligent Life In The Universe? Phone Home, Dammit!” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. ADP Modernization: Health Care Financing Administration’s Software Redesign Contract. IMTEC-89-15. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Basik, Nathan. 2008. “An Evolutionary Approach to Intuitionism and Moral Realism.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Sean. 1995. “Mighty Joe Mishbooker.” New York Times, November 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferry 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ferry 2013; Bilder and Perrimon 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bilder and Perrimon 2000)
  • Three authors: (Klein, Efrati, and Sharon 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ravelli et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Review of Canadian Studies
AbbreviationAm. Rev. Can. Stud.
ISSN (print)0272-2011
ISSN (online)1943-9954
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles