How to format your references using the American Review of Canadian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Review of Canadian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, Terence A. 2010. “Human Evolution: Stranger from Siberia.” Nature, March.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losos, J. B., and D. Schluter. 2000. “Analysis of an Evolutionary Species-Area Relationship.” Nature 408 (6814): 847–850.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amunts, Alexey, Omri Drory, and Nathan Nelson. 2007. “The Structure of a Plant Photosystem I Supercomplex at 3.4 A Resolution.” Nature 447 (7140): 58–63.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fricker, Helen Amanda, Ted Scambos, Robert Bindschadler, and Laurie Padman. 2007. “An Active Subglacial Water System in West Antarctica Mapped from Space.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5818): 1544–1548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Siddiqi, Naeem. 2017. Intelligent Credit Scoring. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Coca-Prados, José, and Gemma Gutiérrez-Cervelló, eds. 2013. Economic Sustainability and Environmental Protection in Mediterranean Countries through Clean Manufacturing Methods. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bravenboer, Martin, and Eelco Visser. 2008. “Designing Syntax Embeddings and Assimilations for Language Libraries.” In Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MoDELS 2007, Nashville, TN, USA, September 30 - October 5, 2007, Reports and Revised Selected Papers, edited by Holger Giese, 34–46. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Review of Canadian Studies.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “CRISPR Gene Editing Used To Edit Out Sickle Cell Mutation.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Assessment of the Impact of the Teacher Corps Program at the University of Miami and Participating Schools in South Florida. B-164031(1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurtz, William A. 2017. “Under the Balaclava: A Case Study Examining Habits Within the Identity of Elite Counterterrorists.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, James. 2017. “Juliana Koo, 111; Wrote Life Story at 104.” New York Times, June 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brown 2010; Losos and Schluter 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losos and Schluter 2000)
  • Three authors: (Amunts, Drory, and Nelson 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Fricker et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Review of Canadian Studies
AbbreviationAm. Rev. Can. Stud.
ISSN (print)0272-2011
ISSN (online)1943-9954
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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