How to format your references using the Mathematical Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pedrós-Alió, C., 2007. Ecology. Dipping into the rare biosphere. Science 315, 192–193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, F., Shi, H., 2014. Simple and compact optode for real-time in-situ temperature detection in very small samples. Sci. Rep. 4, 5009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaner, R.B., Gilman, J.J., Tolbert, S.H., 2005. Materials science. Designing superhard materials. Science 308, 1268–1269.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, L., Li, S., He, W., Teng, D., Wang, K., Ye, C., 2014. Automatic release of silicon nanowire arrays with a high integrity for flexible electronic devices. Sci. Rep. 4, 3940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lui, S.H., 2011. Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yu, H., 2014. Design Exploration of Emerging Nano-scale Non-volatile Memory. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Quay, J., Seaman, J., 2013. The Environmental Crisis and a Desire for Adventure, in: Quay, J., Seaman, J. (Eds.), John Dewey and Education Outdoors: Making Sense of the ‘Educational Situation’ through More than a Century of Progressive Reforms. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Social Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Check Out These GLOWING Fish! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Internal Control Weaknesses in Army Safeguarding of Computer Equipment (No. AFMD-92-60ML). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Muehlhauser, C., 2017. Perceived Criticism, Self-Criticism, and Disordered Eating Patterns in College Students (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J., Maheshwari, S., 2016. How the Pro-Trump Media Covered Election Day. New York Times P14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pedrós-Alió, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Long and Shi, 2014; Pedrós-Alió, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long and Shi, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Social Sciences
AbbreviationMath. Soc. Sci.
ISSN (print)0165-4896
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
General Psychology
General Social Sciences
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles