How to format your references using the Mathematical Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henzinger, M., 2007. Search technologies for the internet. Science 317, 468–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krishnan, V., Nestler, E.J., 2008. The molecular neurobiology of depression. Nature 455, 894–902.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wechsler, T., Newman, S., West, S.C., 2011. Aberrant chromosome morphology in human cells defective for Holliday junction resolution. Nature 471, 642–646.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Conway, J.F., Wikoff, W.R., Cheng, N., Duda, R.L., Hendrix, R.W., Johnson, J.E., Steven, A.C., 2001. Virus maturation involving large subunit rotations and local refolding. Science 292, 744–748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wrobel, G.M., Neil, E., 2009. International Advances in Adoption Research for Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Wesch, W., Wendler, E. (Eds.), 2016. Ion Beam Modification of Solids: Ion-Solid Interaction and Radiation Damage, Springer Series in Surface Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Foxe, D.M., 2010. The Relevance of Beautiful Infrastructure, in: Coohill, P.T. (Ed.), Art Inspiring Transmutations of Life. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 71–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Social Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Ultimate Superbug Reaches USA [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Improved Planning--A Must Before a Department-Wide Automatic Data Processing System Is Acquired for the Department of Agriculture (No. LCD-75-108). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gowda, V., 2009. Pollination biology and inter-island geographical variation in the mutualistic Heliconia (Heliconiaceae)-hummingbird (Trochilidae) interaction of the Eastern Caribbean Islands (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2015. Art Appreciation 101: Take a Nap. New York Times CT9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henzinger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Henzinger, 2007; Krishnan and Nestler, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krishnan and Nestler, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Conway et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Social Sciences
AbbreviationMath. Soc. Sci.
ISSN (print)0165-4896
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
General Psychology
General Social Sciences
Sociology and Political Science

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